This Tanzanian Couple Plans Together, Dreams Together, and Fights HIV Transmission Together

July 23, 2018A simple procedure is lowering the risk for thousands of couples in  Tanzania.Twenty-one-year-old Khadija Butemi was doing her morning chores when she heard an announcement through a loudspeaker passing by on the nearby country road.There was a campaign going on, it said, for men who wanted to undergo voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). She immediately thought of her husband, a 22-year-old fisherman, who was down by the lake fishing.The couple lives with their two-year-old daughter in Nansio, a remote village on the island of Ukerewe, Tanzania. VMMC isn ’t routinely offered in the area, and Khadija was surprised to hear about its benefits—including the fact that it reduces the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).This hit close to home. For the past few years Khadija had been having pain and discomfort from intercourse. And she worried about HIV.“During sex I was burning and frequently getting infections,” she says. She wondered if VMMC could help. “But I had to see if it was real.”In Tanzania, about 1.4 million people live with HIV.So she left her small brick house and walked to the nearby Nansio health center, the site of the campaign, to find out more. The health workers there explained how VMMC can help improve a man ’s cleanliness and reduce his risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual intercourse and passing on HIV and other STIs, including one—human papillomavirus—...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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Authors: Pennisi PA, Fernández MC, Martin A Abstract Pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (PCCs/PGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors, developed from chromaffin cells derived from the neural crest. From a genetic point of view PCCs/PGLs are divided as sporadic cases, and inherited cases as part of hereditary (familial) syndromes. While the majority is benign, up to 26% of PCCs/PGLs will undergo malignant transformation. Validated prognostic pathological parameters for malignant PCCs/PGLs are still lacking. Signaling that follows the interactions between IGFs and their receptor/s in tumor cells received extensive ...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: 5 December 2020Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 263Author(s): Xiaoning Chen, Ravindran Kalathil Veena, Haridas Ramya, Kainoor Krishnankutty Janardhanan, Varughese George
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Guo FF, Jiang MM, Hong LL, Qiao B, Lin XM, Xu WY, Fu XQ Abstract Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Long non-coding RNA OR3A4 promotes metastasis of ovarian cancer via inhibiting KLF6, by F.-F. Guo, M.-M. Jiang, L.-L. Hong, B. Qiao, X.-M. Lin, W.-Y. Xu, X.-Q. Fu, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (6): 2360-2365-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17380-PMID: 30964160" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.e...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Orrù B, Szekeres-Bartho J, Bizzarri M, Spiga AM, Unfer V Abstract The ongoing worldwide pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), raised the urgency to address knowledge gaps and to establish evidence for improving management and control of this viral infection. Throughout a keen analysis of the World Health Organization (WHO) most updated data, a gender-specific difference in the occurrence of infection was determined, which seems to correlate with patient's vitamin D status. Therefore, our purpose is to provide insights into the nutritional importance of vitamin D for its immunomodulatory e...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Gallegos-Arreola MP, Ramírez-Hernández MA, Figuera LE, Zúñiga-González GM, Puebla-Pérez AM Abstract OBJECTIVE: The rs2234694 and 50 bp insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) polymorphisms of the SOD1 gene have been shown to be associated with many diseases, but in breast cancer (BC) their association has not been detected. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and association of SOD1 gene polymorphisms (rs2234694 and 50 bp Ins/Del) in BC patients in the Mexican population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SOD1 polymorphisms were determined by Polymerase Chai...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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