This Tanzanian Couple Plans Together, Dreams Together, and Fights HIV Transmission Together

July 23, 2018A simple procedure is lowering the risk for thousands of couples in  Tanzania.Twenty-one-year-old Khadija Butemi was doing her morning chores when she heard an announcement through a loudspeaker passing by on the nearby country road.There was a campaign going on, it said, for men who wanted to undergo voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). She immediately thought of her husband, a 22-year-old fisherman, who was down by the lake fishing.The couple lives with their two-year-old daughter in Nansio, a remote village on the island of Ukerewe, Tanzania. VMMC isn ’t routinely offered in the area, and Khadija was surprised to hear about its benefits—including the fact that it reduces the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).This hit close to home. For the past few years Khadija had been having pain and discomfort from intercourse. And she worried about HIV.“During sex I was burning and frequently getting infections,” she says. She wondered if VMMC could help. “But I had to see if it was real.”In Tanzania, about 1.4 million people live with HIV.So she left her small brick house and walked to the nearby Nansio health center, the site of the campaign, to find out more. The health workers there explained how VMMC can help improve a man ’s cleanliness and reduce his risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual intercourse and passing on HIV and other STIs, including one—human papillomavirus—...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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es DU Abstract Human t-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy (HAM) is a progressive neurological disease whose diagnosis is defined by clinical manifestations and seropositivity for HTLV-1 infection. Cognitive impairment (CI) is considered to occur after spinal impairment. A 51-year-old HTLV-1-infected man classified as an asymptomatic carrier presented difficulties in listening comprehension and executive memory. He was assessed for central auditory processing (CAP), cognition (event-related auditory evoked potential [P300]), and otoneurological functions (galvanic vestibular-evoked myogen...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
In this report we conclude normal inflammatory markers cannot be used as exclusion criteria for the disease. We also review the body of literature to summarise the key features of the condition to assist clinicians in its diagnosis.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty AcidsAuthor(s): Christopher E. Ramsden, Maria Makrides, Zhi-Xin Yuan, Mark S. Horowitz, Daisy Zamora, Lisa N Yelland, Karen Best, Jennifer Jensen, Ameer Y. Taha, Robert A. GibsonAbstractOxidized lipids derived from omega-6 (n-6) and omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, collectively known as oxylipins, are bioactive signaling molecules that play diverse roles in human health and disease. Supplementation with n-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during pregnancy has been reported to decrease the risk of preterm birth i...
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA) - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study clarifies the differential lipid profiles to distinguish MSPH from MPH and the pathway which is influenced under the condition of MSPH. Also, it provides a resource to look for potential therapeutic targets for MSPH.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: AI technologies are growing their role in health care; but, up to now, their "real-life" implementation remains limited. However, in the near future, the potential of AI-driven era could change the clinical practice in Urology, improving overall patient outcomes. PMID: 31833725 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our data show high adherence and persistence rates in men on ADT. The overall survival in the super-elderly is not influenced by persistence and/or adherence but rather by co-prescriptions. PMID: 31833723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ORP, ePLND and seminal vesicle invasion are independent predictors of the risk of hospital readmission over the long term at a large single tertiary referral center. When surgery is chosen as a primary treatment of PCA, patients should be informed of the risk of hospital readmission and related risk factors. Assessing seminal vesicle invasion by preoperative clinical staging identifies locally advanced disease, which is associated with an increased risk of hospital readmission. PMID: 31833722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
Authors: Brassetti A, Anceschi U, Bertolo R, Ferriero M, Tuderti G, Capitanio U, Larcher A, Garisto J, Antonelli A, Mottire A, Minervini A, Dell'oglio P, Veccia A, Amparore D, Flammia RS, Mari A, Porpiglia F, Montorsi F, Kaouk J, Autorino R, Carini M, Gallucci M, Simone G Abstract BACKGROUND: To improve standard reporting of outcomes after partial nephrectomy, different "Trifecta" systems have been conceived. The subjective assessment of the included parameters and the unreliability for off-clamp procedures limited their reproducibility; their role in predicting functional and oncologic outcomes has never...
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term treatment with 5- ARIs might reduce the risk of bladder tumour recurrence, extension of lesions and increase the recurrence-free survival rate. A long-term, randomized prospective study could definitively assess the possible role of these drugs. PMID: 31833718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSː Follow-up schedules for stage I seminoma exposes patients to potential risks of radiation- induced tumors, emotional distress and represent a significant burden for the healthcare system. The current series suggests that a better risk adapted patient-tailored follow-up program is needed in order to avoid unnecessary investigations. PMID: 31833335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
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