Decreased Concentration of Irisin Is Associated with Poor Functional Outcome in Ischemic Stroke

In this study, we investigated the short-term prognostic value of early measurement of irisin concentration in 1530 Han Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) from three stroke centers. The subjects were the first-ever AIS patients who were hospitalized at three stroke centers during the period from January 2015 to December 2016. Clinical information and stroke severity were collected at admission. Neurological evaluations were conducted at the 6-month follow-up. Serum levels of irisin, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and conventional risk factors were evaluated to determine their value to predict functional outcome and mortality within 6  months. Multivariate analyses were performed using logistic regression models. During follow-up, a poor functional outcome was found in 588 patients (38.4%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 36.0–40.9%), and 325 patients died (21.2%; 95% CI, 19.2–23.3%). The stroke patients included in the study w ere divided into four groups according to irisin quartiles (first is the lowest level). Poor outcome across the irisin quartiles ranged from 54.5% (first quartile) to 21.7% (fourth quartile), and mortality rate ranged from 39.3% (first quartile) to 6.3% (fourth quartile). In a multivariate model usi ng the first quartile (Q1) of irisin vs. Q2–Q4 together with the clinical variables, the marker displayed prognostic information and increased odds ratios of poor outcome by 58% (OR for Q1, 1.58 [95% CI...
Source: Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract For the last two decades, researchers have placed hopes in a new era in which a combination of reperfusion and neuroprotection would revolutionize the treatment of stroke. Nevertheless, despite the thousands of papers available in the literature showing positive results in preclinical stroke models, randomized clinical trials have failed to show efficacy. It seems clear now that the existing data obtained in preclinical research have depicted an incomplete picture of stroke pathophysiology. In order to ameliorate bench-to-bed translation, in this review we first describe the main actors on stroke inflamma...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research
In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract We investigated whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a risk factor of stroke, affects the level of scavenger receptor CD36 and the uptake of its ligand, oxidized LDL (oxLDL); and whether pioglitazone, a drug that enhances CD36, promotes oxLDL uptake. Compared to normoglycemic db/+ mice, adult db/db mice showed a pronounced reduction in surface CD36 expression on myeloid cells from the blood, brain, and bone marrow as detected by flow cytometry, which correlated with elevated plasma soluble-CD36 as determined by ELISA. Increased CD36 expression was found in brain macrophages and microglia of both genot...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
In conclusion, using a large cohort with rich health and DNA methylation data, we provide the first comparison of six major epigenetic measures of biological ageing with respect to their associations with leading causes of mortality and disease burden. DNAm GrimAge outperformed the other measures in its associations with disease data and associated clinical traits. This may suggest that predicting mortality, rather than age or homeostatic characteristics, may be more informative for common disease prediction. Thus, proteomic-based methods (as utilised by DNAm GrimAge) using large, physiologically diverse protein sets for p...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractIn October 2019, a viral infectious disease appeared in the city of Wuhan in China. A new betacoronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has been recognized as the responsible pathogen in this infection. Although coronavirus disease is principally expressed as a pulmonary infection, critical SARS-CoV-2 infection is frequently complicated with coagulopathy, and thromboembolic events are recognizable in several patients. Dehydration, acute inflammatory condition, protracted immobilization during disease, existence of multiple cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, obesity or hypertension, previous coronary artery disease, ische...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Each year, approximately 0.8 million people are estimated to experience a new or recurrent stroke, according to the 2019 report of the American Heart Association.1 In Malaysia, stroke is the third leading cause of death after ischemic heart disease (IHD) and pneumonia.2 Both obesity and diabetes are considered as the established independent risk factors for ischemic stroke.3 Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was also found to be associated with an increase in all-cause as well as cardiovascular mortality following the stroke,4,5 and in a meta-analysis of 18 studies, patients with diabetes had a higher stroke recurrence as co...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion This is one of the few studies analyzing the association of recent cannabis use and AIS using admission urine toxicology test independent of polysubstance use. Although our study has limitations, we did not find an independent association between recent cannabis use and the incidence of AIS. Further studies using urine toxicology tests with larger sample size and including dosage of cannabis exposure should be conducted.
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Other toxicology Research Source Type: research
In this study, we applied a well studied prediction model developed on data from five CpG sites, to increase the practicability of these tests. We have determined the biological age of the heart, specifically of the right atrium (RA) and left atrium (LA), and of peripheral blood leucocytes, by measuring the mitotic telomere length (TL) and the non-mitotic epigenetic age (DNAmAge). We found that DNAmAge, of both atrial tissues (RA and LA), was younger in respect to the chronological age (-12 years). Furthermore, no significant difference existed between RA and LA, suggesting that, although anatomically diverse and ex...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The microbiota–gut–brain axis is considered a central regulator of the immune system after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), with a potential role in determining outcome. Several pathways are involved in the evolution of gut microbiota dysbiosis after AIS. Brain–gut and gut–brain signaling pathways involve bidirectional communication between the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, the autonomic nervous system, the enteric nervous system, and the immune cells of the gut. Alterations in gut microbiome can be a risk factor and may also lead to AIS. Both risk factors for AIS and gut-microbiome c...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study delves into the mechanisms by which a short period of fasting can accelerate wound healing. Fasting triggers many of the same cellular stress responses, such as upregulated autophagy, as occur during the practice of calorie restriction. It isn't exactly the same, however, so it is always worth asking whether any specific biochemistry observed in either case does in fact occur in both situations. In particular, the period of refeeding following fasting appears to have beneficial effects that are distinct from those that occur while food is restricted. Multiple forms of therapeutic fasting have been repor...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
More News: Brain | China Health | Diabetes | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Ischemic Stroke | National Institutes of Health (NIH) | Neurology | Obesity | Stroke | Study