Exercise as a treatment modality for depression: A narrative review

The objective of the article was to review the beneficial effects of exercise in depression. An electronic search of literature from inception till 06/2017 highlighting the effects of exercise on depression and the possible mechanistic pathways involved was conducted using PubMed/Medline, Google scholar and Scopus and relevant articles were utilized for this review. The results of this review confirmed the beneficial role of exercise in depression as evidenced by the improvement in the outcomes and the various psychobiological parameters measured. Thus exercise can be considered as a treatment option for the management of depression.
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Horta-Baas G, Peláez-Ballestas I, Queipo G, Montero Hernández U, Romero-Figueroa MDS Abstract OBJECTIVES: Alexithymia is a personality trait related to the quality of life of women with fibromyalgia (FM). It is still unknown whether alexithymia is associated with the clinical manifestations of FM. The present study describes the relationship between alexithymia and the domains included in the core set recommended by the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) for FM evaluation. METHODS: One hundred two women with FM were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. The domains evaluated were...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
In this study we examined the role of endocannabinoids in depressive behavior. The levels of endocannabinoids, N-arachidonoyl ethanolamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) were measured along with brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in postmortem ventral striata of female patients with MDD and non-psychiatric controls, and in Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat, a selectively inbred strain of rat widely used for testing the depressive behavior. The effect of pharmacological elevation of endocannabinoids through inhibition of their catabolizing enzymes (fatty acid amide hydrolase [FAAH] and monoacyl glycerol lipase [MAGL]) ...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability, contributing to ~30% of all injury-related deaths in the US. TBI occurs when a force transmitted to the head causes neuropathologic damage and impairment of brain function. TBI doubles risk of suicide and is the major determinant of acquired seizure disorders. TBI arising from closed head trauma (CHT) significantly increases the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 -- Physical disability, depressive symptoms, and reduced information processing affect work-related disability and vocational status among patients with multiple sclerosis, according to a study published in the November issue...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that HILT is more effective than TENS in terms of pain reduction and that HILT can be used as an alternative to TENS. PMID: 31594200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusion: The European Portuguese version of the FDI has very good internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and construct validity when used in a sample of community adolescents with chronic pain. Implications for rehabilitation One of the most widely instruments used to assess functional disability is the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), which in its original version has good psychometric properties and is recommended by the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials; However, the FDI has not been translated yet into European Portuguese language and its psychome...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusions: The relationship between pain intensity and wrist function was mediated by anxiety and self-efficacy. Our findings suggest that interventions focused on psychological factors, particularly anxiety and self-efficacy, may be important in distal radius fractures rehabilitation. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION In patients with distal radius fractures, early post-operative pain mediates psychological factors and affects wrist function. Anxiety and self-efficacy are psychological factors that should be noted, and rehabilitation, including self-management, should be considered. Rehabilitative interventions for distal...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Authors: Arthur A, Savva GM, Barnes LE, Borjian-Boroojeny A, Dening T, Jagger C, Matthews FE, Robinson L, Brayne C, Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies Collaboration Abstract BACKGROUND: Depression is a leading cause of disability, with older people particularly susceptible to poor outcomes. AIMS: To investigate whether the prevalence of depression and antidepressant use have changed across two decades in older people. METHOD: The Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies (CFAS I and CFAS II) are two English population-based cohort studies of older people aged ≥65 years, with baseline measurements for each...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Discussion: The findings suggest that a score of ≥22 on the PCS should alert clinicians to the possibility that patients might also be experiencing clinically significant symptoms of depression or PTSD. Greater attention to the detection and treatment of mental health conditions associated with whiplash injury might contribute to more positive recovery outcomes.
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Evrensel A, Ünsalver BÖ, Ceylan ME Abstract Psychiatric diseases are the manifestations that result from the individual's genetic structure, physiology, immunology and ways of coping with environmental stressors. The current psychiatric diagnostic systems do not include any systematic characterization in regard to neurobiological processes that reveal the clinical picture in individuals who got psychiatric diagnosis. It is obvious that further research in different areas is needed to understand the psychopathology. The problems in the functions of immune system and the correlation of neuroinflamm...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
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