The Role of Oxygen Therapy in Normoxemic Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

CONCLUSIONS: Oxygen therapy did not significantly reduce clinical all-cause mortality and myocardial infarct size in ACS patients with normoxemia. Further large-scale randomized clinical trials are warranted to evaluate the cardiovascular effects in this field. PMID: 30024486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Cardiovasc Nurs Source Type: research

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We present a case of emphysematous osteomyelitis caused by Salmonella typhi in a 29-year-old beta thalassemia major patient. Diagnosis of emphysematous osteomyelitis was confirmed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and culture of pus drained during surgical debridement confirmed the causative microorganism, Salmonella typhi. Antimicrobials were given according to microbiological sensitivity for a period of 8 weeks. Our patient also received hyperbaric oxygen therapy. At the end of therapy, he was afebrile and laboratory parameters normalized with a residual joint deformity which developed within 3 months.
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Oxygen therapy did not significantly reduce clinical all-cause mortality and myocardial infarct size in ACS patients with normoxemia. Further large-scale randomized clinical trials are warranted to evaluate the cardiovascular effects in this field.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Heart Failure Source Type: research
ConclusionsDecompression illness results as a sudden decrease in pressures during underwater ascent; it is caused by nitrogen bubbles forming in tissue. Additionally, a patent foramen ovale allows arterial gas emboli to cause further harm. Type 2 decompression sickness is the more severe form and includes neurological, respiratory, and cardiovascular symptoms.
Source: Journal of Intensive Care - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Onset of neurologic symptoms can be immediate or delayed in patients undergoing venous foam sclerotherapy. Early recognition of neurologic deficits resulting from paradoxical gas embolism and its treatment with hyperbaric oxygen can prevent permanent disability. PMID: 29677415 [PubMed - in process]
Source: WMJ - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: WMJ Source Type: research
While still a rare entity, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome has an increasing incidence. Similar to other compartment syndromes, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome is defined by raised pressure within a closed fibro‚Äźosseous space, limiting tissue perfusion within that space. The resultant tissue ischaemia presents as acute pain, and if left untreated, it may result in permanent tissue damage. A literature search of ‘paraspinal compartment syndrome’ revealed 21 articles. The details from a case encountered by the authors are also included. A common data set was extracted, focusing on demo...
Source: ANZ Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundCentral retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmological emergency, the retinal analog of a stroke. To date there is no consensus or national guidelines on how this disorder should be managed. As academic neurologists and ophthalmologists treat CRAO frequently, we set out to understand how these clinicians approach patients with CRAO with a national survey.MethodsWe identified university-associated teaching hospitals offering vascular neurology, neuro-ophthalmology and/or retina fellowships in the US and asked the directors of the programs to respond to questions in an open response format to profil...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: This is a retrospective study to assess the therapeutic effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) in early treatment of acute spinal cord injury (SCI) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electrophysiology in diagnosing. METHODS: Forty acute SCI patients from Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital who were assigned into HBO treatment were included during August 2013 to October 2014.The patients with adverse reactions or contraindications for HBO were assigned as controls. Both of two groups (HBO and Control) received medicine treatment with Urbason, GM-1 and mecobalamine after surgery. ASIA and the F...
Source: Clinical Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Biochem Source Type: research
In conclusion, this combined metabolic approach appears effective in treating advanced TNBC, given this patient’s complete response with a good quality of life.Now, there is one thing that is interesting here. The doses of chemotherapy used were considerably lower thanwhat is usually used, with doses decreased by at least half or more. Does this mean anything? Who knows? cPR rates for TNBC have been reported to range from 20-35%. It could mean the regimen made the chemotherapy more effective, or it could mean that this woman just happened to have a particularly chemosensitive tumor. Even if we take this case report a...
Source: Respectful Insolence - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, this combined metabolic approach appears effective in treating advanced TNBC, given this patient’s complete response with a good quality of life.Now, there is one thing that is interesting here. The doses of chemotherapy used were considerably lower thanwhat is usually used, with doses decreased by at least half or more. Does this mean anything? Who knows? cPR rates for TNBC have been reported to range from 20-35%. It could mean the regimen made the chemotherapy more effective, or it could mean that this woman just happened to have a particularly chemosensitive tumor. Even if we take this case report a...
Source: Respectful Insolence - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions:MWI showed myelin loss in the region of the radiated AVM as a prominent feature of radiation necrosis1. Beyond the radiation field, WM normal 2 years earlier became T2 hyperintense with increased WC, in keeping with vasogenic edema, likely related to radiation induced obliterative vasculopathy2. The intact myelin however suggests a potentially reversible component. The MWC decrease in the lesion contralateral to the radiated AVM suggests spreading of the vasculopathic changes. MWI will be repeated after hyperbaric oxygen therapy.Disclosure: Dr. Lapointe has received personal compensation for activities with Roc...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: General Neurology: The Eyes Have It and White Matter Matters Source Type: research
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