Enhancing social functioning in young people at Ultra High Risk (UHR) for psychosis: A pilot study of a novel strengths and mindfulness-based online social therapy

Psychological and pharmacological treatments have been shown to reduce rates of transition to psychosis in Ultra High Risk (UHR) young people. However, social functioning deficits have been unresponsive to current treatments.
Source: Schizophrenia Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Major Depressive Disorder;   Bipolar Disorder;   Schizophrenia Intervention:   Other: High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) Sponsors:   King's College London;   National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom;   South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Luo Y, Zhang J, Wang C, Zhao X, Chang Q, Wang H, Wang C Abstract BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia affects approximately 10% of the world's population. Early detection of schizophrenia may significantly delay its progression. Although sensory gating deficits are reported in schizophrenia, it remains challenging how sensory gating deficits can be used with other metrics for risk detection and early diagnosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using EEG, the authors examined effects of sensory gating on the performance of 136 participants in a P50 sensory gating task, including patients with first-episode schizophrenia (...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
A potentially first-in-class psychotropic agent for schizophrenia that does not work through dopamine gets breakthrough therapy designation from the US Food and Drug Administration.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
By Emma Young Hikikomori is a dark term that describes people who stay holed up in their homes, or even just their bedrooms, isolated from everyone except their family, for many months or years. The phenomenon has captured the popular imagination with many articles appearing in the mainstream media in recent years, but, surprisingly, it isn’t well understood by psychologists.  The condition was first described in Japan, but cases have since been reported in countries as far apart as Oman, Indian, the US and Brazil. No one knows how many hikikomori exist (the term refers both to the condition and the people with ...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Cross-cultural Mental health Source Type: blogs
In this study, we compared facial emotion recognition performance in age- and gender-matched schizophrenia spectrum disorders subjects with (N = 52) and without (N = 52) a history of violence. Data on current symptom severity, Cluster B personality status, past victimization, and alcohol and substance misuse were also collected. Compared to those without, subjects with a history of violence showed worse facial emotion recognition performances, involving anger, fear, disgust, sadness, and happiness. When formally testing the reporting of angry faces, evidence of enhanced sensitivity to anger was ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
AbstractStudies and findings regarding the impact of schizophrenia on quality of life (QOL) has been highly variable. This meta-analysis compared QOL between schizophrenia subjects and healthy controls with a focus on standardized measures. A systematic literature search was conducted through Pubmed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases. Only studies using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) or its brief version or the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) were included. Fifteen case-control studies with 2195 schizophrenia subjects and 1508 healthy controls were included in this ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Day three of APA ’s Annual Meeting included a call to psychiatrists to lead in efforts to improve the lives of children, the release of APA poll results showing mental health stigma remains a major challenge in the workplace, and conversation around the ways psychiatrists can help people of differing political bac kgrounds find common ground.Through May 22,Psychiatric News will deliver an evening digest of important highlights from the meeting.Kellogg CEO Urges Psychiatrists to Advocate for Trauma-Informed Care for ChildrenDuring the William C. Menninger Memorial Lecture on Monday, La June Montgomery Tabron called on...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: 175th Anniversary Gala anxiety APA 2019 Annual Meeting black psychiatrists clozapine discrimination gender bias politics pregnancy racial discrimination schizophrenia stigma workplace mental health Source Type: research
Abstract One of the challenges with initiating long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotic regimens is achieving relevant drug levels quickly. After first injection of the LAI antipsychotic aripiprazole lauroxil (AL), the lag to reaching relevant plasma aripiprazole levels was initially addressed using supplemental oral aripiprazole for 21 days. A 1-day AL initiation regimen using a NanoCrystal® Dispersion formulation of AL (ALNCD; Aristada Initio®) combined with a single 30 mg dose of oral aripiprazole has been developed as an alternative approach. We compared the 1-day AL initiation regimen (ALNCD + 30 mg...
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research
Abstract Concurrent associations between parenting behaviors and youth depression are well established. A smaller body of work has demonstrated longitudinal associations between aspects of parenting and youth risk for depression; however, this limited longitudinal work has predominantly relied upon self- and parent-report questionnaire measures and is thus affected by biases related to retrospective recall and common method variance. The present study used behavioral observation measures of parenting and clinical interview measures of youth depression to examine prospective relationships between observed parental ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
AbstractSchizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disease that is associated with neurobiological alterations in multiple brain regions and peripheral organs. Negative symptoms and cognitive deficits are present in about half of patients and are difficult to treat, leading to an unfavorable functional outcome. To investigate the impact of aerobic exercise on various neurobiological parameters, we conducted a narrative review. Add-on aerobic exercise was shown to be effective in improving negative and general symptoms, cognition, global functioning, and quality of life in schizophrenia patients. Based on findings in health...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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