Computed Diffusion Weighted Imaging of the Liver Using Extrapolation Technique in Patients Who Underwent Liver Transplantation With Hepatocellular Carcinomas: Initial Experience and Feasibility Study

Conclusions In computed DWI of high b-values, contrast between HCC and background liver was very low.
Source: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography - Category: Radiology Tags: Abdominal Imaging Source Type: research

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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) constitutes 0.5% of childhood malignancies and exhibits poor prognosis. Complete tumor extirpation either by partial liver resection (LR) or liver transplantation (LT) is the only curative treatment. Due to the poor initial outcomes of LT, LR has remained the mainstay of treatment for all but select children fulfilling the Milan criteria (originally designed for adults).
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Scientific Article Source Type: research
The objective of our study was to determine the impact of multiple listing on LT rates. Methods. We examined the United Network of Organ Sharing database from 2002 to 2016 after excluding those listed for multiple organs, hepatocellular carcinoma, or living donor LT. The waitlist mortality and LT rates for the ML groups and the single listed (SL) group were compared after stratifying patients by the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) with a cutoff at 15 (1 center (ML group). Of the ML groups, 2028 (2.4%) were listed at multiple donor service areas but within the same region (ML-SR) and 1556 (1.9%) listed in differ...
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—Liver Source Type: research
Abstract The recurrence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) was in the past a primary cause of organ loss or mortality. Currently, post-OLT prophylaxis with anti-HBs immunoglobulins plus a nucleos(t)ide analogue has virtually abolished the risk of re-infection. Some studies have proposed to simplify prophylaxis by discontinuing immunoglobulins while continuing the analogue alone. This review analysed the available studies, focusing on the recurrence of HBsAg in serum and its biological effects. In all, 16 studies were retrieved, mainly observational or retrospective, e...
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
Jeon Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for approximately 90% of all cases of primary liver cancer; it is the third most frequent cause of cancer-related death worldwide. In early-stage disease, surgical resection and liver transplantation are considered curative treatments. However, the majority of HCC patients present with advanced-stage disease that is treated using palliative systemic therapy. Since HCC is heterogeneous owing to its multiple etiologies, various risk factors, and inherent resistance to chemotherapy, the development of an effective systemic treatment strategy for HCC remains a considerable chall...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
The cure of chronic hepatitis C infection has a major impact on the morbidity and mortality of infected patients. It is now clear that sustained virologic response improves overall survival and significantly reduces the risk of liver failure, fibrosis progression, need of liver transplantation, and incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Moreover, hepatitis C eradication improves a broad range of extrahepatic manifestations, such as dermatologic, neoplastic, cardiovascular, and endocrine, and improves quality of life.
Source: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Although, liver transplantation serves as the only curative treatment for patients with end-stage liver diseases, it is burdened with complications, which affect survival rates. In addition to clinical risk factors, contribution of recipient and donor genetic prognostic markers has been extensively studied in order to reduce the burden and improve the outcomes. Determination of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is one of the most important tools in development of personalized transplant approach. To provide a better insight in recent developments, we review the studies published in the last three yea...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conditions:   Hepatocellular Carcinoma;   Portal Vein Tumor Thrombus;   Liver Transplantation Interventions:   Drug: lenvatinib;   Drug: Placebo Sponsor:   RenJi Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractPurposeSeveral scoring systems have been proposed to predict the outcome of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the application of these scores to a bridging to transplant setting is poorly validated. Evaluation of the applicability of prognostic scores for patients undergoing TACE in palliative intention vs. bridging therapy to liver transplantation (LT) is necessary.MethodsBetween 2008 and 2017, 148 patients with HCC received 492 completed TACE procedures (158 for bridging to transplant; 334 TACE procedures in palliative treatment intention at our cente...
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hemocoagulase agkistrodon can prevent bleeding and induce hypofibrinogenemia in hepatic disease cases
. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Mar 20;: Authors: Lu S, Han M, Song Y, Liu C Abstract Hemocoagulase is often used for hemostasis in patients with bleeding and hemorrhagic diseases, and to avoid or stanch bleeding after surgery. Herein, three patients with hepatic diseases suffering from hypofibrinogenemia were treated with hemocoagulase agkistrodon (HCA) in Peking University People's Hospital during September 2018. All the 3 patients were chronic hepatitis B patients: Patient 1 presented with ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence and development of de novo malignancy (DNM) after liver transplantation (LT) are the major causes of late recipient death. METHODS: We analyzed the incidence of extrahepatic DNM following living donor LT according to the status of pretransplant hepatic malignancy. We selected 2,076 adult patients who underwent primary LDLT during 7 years from January 2010 to December 2016. RESULTS: The pretransplant hepatic malignancy group (n = 1,012) showed 45 cases (4.4%) of the following extrahepatic DNMs: posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD)...
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
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