Comparison Between Isotropic 3-Dimensional Fat-Suppressed T2-Weighted Fast Spin Echo (FSE) and Conventional 2-Dimensional Fat-Suppressed Proton-Weighted FSE Shoulder Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 3-T in Patients With Shoulder Pain
Objective The aims of this study were to compare isotropic 3-dimensional fat-suppressed T2-weighted fast spin echo (FSE) imaging (T2FS) with 2-dimensional fat-suppressed proton-density–weighted FSE imaging (2D-PDFS) and evaluate feasibility of isotropic 3-dimensional FSE shoulder imaging at 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods Seventy-eight patients who underwent shoulder MRI were evaluated. Three-dimensional T2FS and 2D-PDFS were qualitatively graded for delineation of anatomic structures. In quantitative analysis, mean relative signal intensity and relative signal contrast between each structure of the shoulder were compared. Results Three-dimensional T2FS showed significantly higher scores for rotator cuff (P = 0.020), lower scores for bone (P
ConclusionExisting literature suggests the DGS disease definition as being a non-discogenic sciatic nerve disorder with entrapment in the deep gluteal space. Also, the general diagnostic pathway for DGS was composed of history taking (posterior hip pain, radicular pain, and difficulty sitting for 30 min), physical examination (tenderness in deep gluteal space, positive seated piriformis test, and positive Pace sign), and imaging tests (pelvic radiographs, pelvic MRI, and spine MRI). This review helps clinicians diagnose DGS with more confidence.Level of evidenceIV.
Conclusion: Although very rare, benign cyst from presacral space can become malignant transformation. This highlights the importance of pre-operative diagnostic tests and evaluation to correctly identify the source of the primary cancer, which is crucial prior to starting adjuvant therapy.
Authors: Kohashi R, Shinozaki T, Sekine N, Watanabe K, Takanezawa D, Nishihara C, Ozasa K, Ikeda M, Noma N, Okada-Ogawa A, Imamura Y Abstract Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is classified into idiopathic orofacial pain conditions. Although central and peripheral neuropathic mechanisms are believed to be involved, the etiology remains to be fully elucidated. The present study examined temporal brain responses to an ongoing hot stimulus to investigate the pain modulating system in patients with BMS. The thermal stimulation sequence comprised baseline (32°C, 40 s) to warm (40°C, 32 s) to baseline (32°C, 40 s)...
ConclusionsMinimal invasive implantation of wireless SCS systems was feasible and safe. The device offered a broader range of stimulation paradigms compared to conventional SCS devices, an allowed for a prolonged testing phase and continuous adjustment of SCS programs.
ConclusionThe posterior hypothalamus might thus be hyperexcitable in cluster headache patients outside the bout while excitability to external nociceptive stimuli decreases during in bout periods, probably due to frequent hypothalamic activation and possible neurotransmitter exhaustion during cluster attacks.
Around 20% of pregnant women undergo cesarean section (CS), and in most regions of the world CS rates continue to grow. There is still no clear definition of what is considered a normal physiologic aspect of a CS scar and what is abnormal. Cesarean scar defects (CSDs) should be suspected in women presenting with spotting, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, or infertility and a history of CS. CSDs can be visualized with the use of hysterosalpingography, transvaginal sonography, saline infusion sonohysterography, hysteroscopy, and magnetic resonance imaging.
Authors: Ogon I, Takashima H, Morita T, Oshigiri T, Terashima Y, Yoshimoto M, Fukushi R, Fujimoto S, Emori M, Teramoto A, Takebayashi T, Yamashita T Abstract Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relevance among Schmorl's node (SN), chronic low back pain (CLBP), and intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) with the use of magnetic resonance imaging T2 mapping. Overview of Literature: SN may be combined with CLBP and/or IVDD; however, their relationship has not been determined to date. Methods: A total of 105 subjects were included (48 men and 57 wome...
Conclusion: Our study indicated that distinctive patterns of FC in each subregion of insula suggest that the insular subareas participate in the NP processing through different FC following ISCI. Further, insula subregions could serve as a therapeutic target for NP following ISCI. PMID: 32211038 [PubMed - in process]
A 24-yr-old male soccer player presented with a 7-yr history of left posterior knee “looseness.” Evaluation 7 yrs ago, at the time of initial injury, revealed atraumatic anterior and posterior cruciate ligament sprains. On representation, the patient described the pain as a constant, dull ache, 3/10, but his biggest complaint was this feeling of “instability” and looseness where his knee would “buckle” 3–4 times a week. Physical examination was positive for grade 1 posterior drawer and grade 1 posterior sag signs. Reverse KT-1000 testing showed a 3-mm side-to-side difference. Sonog...
Conclusion: Although cases of metastatic intradural extramedullary spinal tumors from ovarian cancer are extremely rare, their possibility should be considered in the differential diagnosis. A history of brain metastases and enhancement on T1-weighted MRI were helpful for making an accurate diagnosis. PMID: 32202486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]