Deadly Respiratory Distress Mimic
Medic 534, staffed by a paramedic and EMT, is dispatched to a nursing home for a 78-year-old female in respiratory distress. On arrival, the crew finds the patient in a chair accompanied by two nurses and the administrator on call. The patient is in obvious distress showing fatigue and an increased work of breathing. She is alert to voice, but diaphoretic, lethargic, and unable to speak due to rapid, shallow breathing. A nurse is administering a nebulizer containing 3 mL of albuterol sulfate/ipratropium. A second nurse states that the patient has been in increasing distress for the last 45 minutes. The nurse also says that the patient has chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is experiencing an “exacerbation.” This is the second nebulizer treatment the staff has administered in the last 20 minutes. According to the administrator, the patient was discharged from the hospital 3-4 days ago after treatment for an infection. The patient has a history of COPD, non-insulin dependent diabetes, urinary tract infections, and had an ischemic stroke about two years ago. The patient’s medication list is consistent with her medical history and includes a recent prescription for prednisone. She’s allergic to sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim and penicillin. On examination, the patient’s respirations are shallow and rapid at 32 breaths per minute. However, her lung sounds are clear bilaterally with good air entry into the bases. Her pulse rate is 125, her...
(Oxford University Press USA) A new study soon to appear in the Faculty of Public Health's Journal of Public Health, published by Oxford University Press, suggests that air pollution and living in apartment buildings may be associated with an increased risk for dangerous conditions like heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. This paper is embargoed until midnight EST on June 25.
Contributors : Caiyan Zhang ; Yufeng ZhouSeries Type : Expression profiling by array ; Non-coding RNA profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensTo determine ceRNA transcribed during the PBMCs, we have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling as a discovery platform to identify ceRNA expression in PBMCs donated by T1DM (type 1 diabetes mellitus) patients and healthy volunteers.
Contributors : Caiyan Zhang ; Yufeng ZhouSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensTo determine miRNA transcribed during the PBMCs, we have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling as a discovery platform to identify miRNA expression in PBMCs donated by T1DM (type 1 diabetes mellitus) patients and healthy volunteers.
Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a serious problem, forcing doctors to turn to antibiotics other than penicillin or penicillin derivatives, or to different drug cocktails, which are often less effective in treating hospital and community based infections.
This study aimed to use in-depth, semi-structured interviews with seven young stroke survivors aged eighteen to sixty-five years to elucidate the specific challenges and priorities of members of this population.
The purpose of this study was to develop and test an initial algorithm for recognizing and classifying daily activities in an unstructured home environment using a depth sensor (VicoVR).
Publication date: Available online 23 June 2019Source: Progress in Retinal and Eye ResearchAuthor(s): Muneeb A. Faiq, Gadi Wollstein, Joel S. Schuman, Kevin C. ChanAbstractThe cholinergic system has a crucial role to play in visual function. Although cholinergic drugs have been a focus of attention as glaucoma medications for reducing eye pressure, little is known about the potential modality for neuronal survival and/or enhancement in visual impairments. Citicoline, a naturally occurring compound and FDA approved dietary supplement, is a nootropic agent that is recently demonstrated to be effective in ameliorating ischemi...
Purpose: To compare retinal pathology visualization in multispectral scanning laser ophthalmoscope imaging between the Spectralis and Optos devices. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 42 eyes from 30 patients with age-related macular degeneration (19 eyes), diabetic retinopathy (10 eyes), and epiretinal membrane (13 eyes). All patients underwent retinal imaging with a color fundus camera (broad-spectrum white light), the Spectralis HRA-2 system (3-color monochromatic lasers), and the Optos P200 system (2-color monochromatic lasers). The Optos image was cropped to a similar size as the Spectrali...
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal conbercept in patients with treatment-naive neovascular age-related macular degeneration in real-life setting. Methods: Three consecutive intravitreal injections of conbercept following a pro re nata protocol. The main outcomes were the changes of Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study best-corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness between the baseline and the 12th month. Results: Mean best-corrected visual acuity was improved from 39.39 ± 24.91 letters at the baseline to 44.26 ± 22.89 letters at the final follow-up (P
Purpose: To investigate the natural history of Stargardt disease over a multiyear follow-up. Methods: We reviewed medical records of Stargardt disease patients, with clinical diagnosis of Stargardt disease at a single institution, which was also supported by molecular diagnosis. All patients underwent best-corrected visual acuity, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, and full-field electroretinography. Results: The study cohort consisted of 157 Stargardt disease patients aged 30.4 ± 1.1 years. Longitudinal analysis (mean follow-up: 3 years) showed a significant worsening of best-corrected visual...
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