Animal-level risk factors associated with foot-and-mouth disease in cattle and buffalo in Egypt

AbstractThere is a paucity of the investigation of risk factors associated with foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Egypt. Subsequently, in the present study the impact of risk factors associated with FMD infection was analyzed in cattle and buffalo reared in Qalyubia governorate, Egypt. Serum samples were collected from 288 animals (n = 90 water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) andn = 198 cattle) and adapted for detection of FMD virus infection by ELISA assay with monoclonal antibody (MELISA) to type serotype O. Direct FMD virus serotype was detected in 115 animals (n = 82 cattle andn = 33 buffalo). Univariate analysis revealed a significant association between FMD infection and the fattening animals (P  = 0.024; odds ratio (OR) 2.118; confidence interval (CI) 1.105–4.058). Multivariate statistics demonstrated that locality was the potential risk factors for infection by FMD virus (P  = 0.001; OR 31.613; CI 13.791–72.466). The present investigation draws attention and gives the impression to the potential risk factors associated with FMD-infected cases in cattle and buffalo in Qalyubia governorate in Egypt. Recognition of the potential risk factors associated with FMD-infected cases offer a novel approach to construct the best preventive measures.
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Source: Operations Research for Health Care - Category: Hospital Management Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
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Source: Early Childhood Research Quarterly - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
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Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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