Sema3E/PlexinD1 inhibition is a therapeutic strategy for improving cerebral perfusion and restoring functional loss after stroke in aged  rats.

Sema3E/PlexinD1 inhibition is a therapeutic strategy for improving cerebral perfusion and restoring functional loss after stroke in aged rats. Neurobiol Aging. 2018 Jun 11;70:102-116 Authors: Zhou YF, Li PC, Wu JH, Haslam JA, Mao L, Xia YP, He QW, Wang XX, Lei H, Lan XL, Miao QR, Yue ZY, Li YN, Hu B Abstract Brain tissue survival and functional recovery after ischemic stroke greatly depend on cerebral vessel perfusion and functional collateral circulation in the ischemic area. Semaphorin 3E (Sema3E), one of the class 3 secreted semaphorins, has been demonstrated to be a critical regulator in embryonic and postnatal vascular formation via binding to its receptor PlexinD1. However, whether Sema3E/PlexinD1 signaling is involved in poststroke neovascularization remains unknown. To determine the contribution of Sema3E/PlexinD1 signaling to poststroke recovery, aged rats (18 months) were subjected to a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. We found that depletion of Sema3E/PlexinD1 signaling with lentivirus-mediated PlexinD1-specific-shRNA improves tissue survival and functional outcome. Sema3E/PlexinD1 inhibition not only increases cortical perfusion but also ameliorates blood-brain barrier damage, as determined by positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that Sema3E suppresses endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenic capacity. More importantly, Sema3E/PlexinD1 signaling inhibits recrui...
Source: Neurobiology of Aging - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Neurobiol Aging Source Type: research

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We report 4 cases of acute ischemic cortical strokes presenting as hemichorea, with the infarction being limited to the parietal and insular cortex in perfusion computed tomography scans and magnetic resonance imaging.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we applied a well studied prediction model developed on data from five CpG sites, to increase the practicability of these tests. We have determined the biological age of the heart, specifically of the right atrium (RA) and left atrium (LA), and of peripheral blood leucocytes, by measuring the mitotic telomere length (TL) and the non-mitotic epigenetic age (DNAmAge). We found that DNAmAge, of both atrial tissues (RA and LA), was younger in respect to the chronological age (-12 years). Furthermore, no significant difference existed between RA and LA, suggesting that, although anatomically diverse and ex...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, we demonstrate a fully automated and real-time algorithm to segment the penumbra and the infarct core regions based on PWI and DWI.
Source: Journal of Digital Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Post-stroke BBB disruption appears to be predictive of functional outcome irrespective of stroke size.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion In this study, reduced CBF and FA and increased MD in the inner NAWM layers for both PVWMH and DWMH suggested extensive WM alterations beyond the visible WM lesions commonly observed on clinical MRI of svMCI subjects. CBF penumbras cover more extensive WM at risk than DTI penumbras, suggesting the likelihood that compromised CBF precedes white matter integrity changes, and CBF penumbras may be a potential target for the prevention of further microstructural white matter damage. The imaging parameters investigated, however, did not correlate to cognition. Author Contributions YZ, QX, and XG conceived and desig...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Ahmed Mohamed Elhfnawy1*, Peter U. Heuschmann2, Mirko Pham3†, Jens Volkmann1† and Felix Fluri1,4 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 2Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Department of Neurology, Kantonssptial St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland Background and Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS)≥70% is a leading cause of ischemic cerebrovascular event...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ASAP-ASL method requires approximately one minutes to obtain clinically relevant brain perfusion imaging which can successfully identify ischemic region in LVO patients. PMID: 30468360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research
Background and Purpose—Stroke imaging is pivotal for diagnosis and stratification of patients with acute ischemic stroke to treatment. The potential of combining multimodal information into reliable estimates of outcome learning calls for robust machine learning techniques with high flexibility and accuracy. We applied the novel extreme gradient boosting algorithm for multimodal magnetic resonance imaging–based infarct prediction.Methods—In a retrospective analysis of 195 patients with acute ischemic stroke, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, diffusion-weighted imaging, and 10 perfusion parameters were ...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging derived quantitative metrics and serum soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) level in an embolic canine stroke model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A middle cerebral artery occlusion model was established in 24 beagle dogs. Experimental dogs were divided into low- and high-sCD40L group according to serum sCD40L level at 4.5 hours after establishing the model. IVIM imaging was scanned at 4.5 hours after model establishment using 10 b values ranging from 0 to 900 s/mm(2). Quantitative metrics diffusion coefficient (D), pseudod...
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND PURPOSEBlood–brain barrier (BBB) disruption detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute ischemic stroke as a hyperintense acute reperfusion marker (HARM) is associated with upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase‐9 (MMP‐9). Although activated leukocytes, including monocytes, are the main source of MMPs, limited data exist to support relationship between leukocyte activation and BBB disruption in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The goal of this study is to investigate the relationship between neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes with BBB disruption detected as HARM (+) in...
Source: Journal of Neuroimaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
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