Antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents for primary prevention of thrombosis in individuals with antiphospholipid antibodies.

CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to demonstrate benefit or harm of using anticoagulants with or without ASA versus ASA alone in people with aPL antibodies and a history of recurrent pregnancy loss and with no such history; ASA versus placebo in people with aPL antibodies; and ASA with LMWH versus placebo or IVIG, and ASA with high-dose LMWH versus ASA with low-dose LMWH or UFH, in women with aPL antibodies and a history of recurrent pregnancy loss, for the primary prevention of thrombotic events. In a mixed population of people with a history of previous pregnancy loss and without such a history treated with anticoagulant combined with ASA, the incidence of minor bleeding (nasal bleeding, menorrhagia) was increased when compared with ASA alone. Studies that are adequately powered and that focus mainly on thrombotic events are needed to draw any firm conclusions on the primary prevention of thrombotic events in people with antiphospholipid antibodies. PMID: 30004572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jennifer Grau-Sánchez, Thomas F. Münte, Eckart Altenmüller, Esther Duarte, Antoni Rodríguez-FornellsAbstractMusic-based interventions have emerged as a promising tool in stroke motor rehabilitation as they integrate most of the principles of motor training and multimodal stimulation. This paper aims to review the use of music in the rehabilitation of upper extremity motor function after stroke. First, we review the evidence supporting current music-based interventions including Music-supporte...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We report a case of migration of arterial stent, placed in the right iliac vein into the right pulmonary artery which was diagnosed there and subsequently not removed for at least 3 years. Despite reports in the literature for the removal of migrated stents by mini-invasive interventional methods, in our case, this was not possible, because of the long period for which the foreign body was in the right pulmonary artery and the proximal partial occlusion of organized mural thrombus.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Discussion IAB is a rather frequent finding in the general population. IAB is a risk factor for AF and is associated with an increased risk of stroke or TIA independently of associated AF. Key messagesBoth partial and advanced interatrial block are associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation in the general population.Advanced interatrial block is an independent risk factor for stroke and transient ischemic attack.The clinical significance of interatrial block is dependent on the subtype classification. PMID: 32077319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
Authors: Herold A Abstract Hemorrhoidal disease is one of the most common illnesses in industrialized nations. Up to 70% of adults suffer from the disease once in their lifetime. This underlines the necessity and importance of knowing about the differential diagnosis of hemorrhoids. One can differentiate between differential diagnoses of symptoms (bleeding, pain, itching, tumor) and differential diagnoses of the phenotype findings (anal prolapse, mucosal prolapse and rectal prolapse, skin tags, hypertrophied anal papillae, condylomata acuminata, anal fissure, perianal venous thrombosis, anal cancer). PMID: 3207...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate fertility in female survivors of childhood DTC by assessing various reproductive characteristics combined with anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels (a marker of ovarian reserve). Methods. Female survivors of childhood DTC, diagnosed at ≤18 years of age between 1970 and 2013 were included. Survivors were excluded when follow-up time was less than 5 years or if they developed other malignancies before or after diagnosis of DTC. Survivors filled out a questionnaire regarding reproductive characteristics (e.g. age at menarche and menopause, pregnancies, pregnancy outcomes, need for assisted ...
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
The role of PPAR gamma agonists - rosiglitazone and 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 in experimental cyclosporine A hepatotoxicity. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2019 Dec;70(6): Authors: Sikora-Wiorkowska A, Smolen A, Czechowska G, Wiorkowski K, Korolczuk A Abstract Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an immunosuppressive drug used in transplantation and treatment of autoimmune diseases. Experimental studies revealed impairments in liver function and morphology among cyclosporine-treated animals. The aim of the study was to evaluate hepatoprotective activity of peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors γ (PPA...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Szułdrzyński K, Jankowski M, Potaczek DP, Undas A Abstract Aims: Fibrin formation and histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) are involved in primary hemostasis and wound healing. Little is known regarding the relationship of clot characteristics, bleeding time, and wound healing. Methods and Results: We studied 154 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and 154 subjects free of CAD matched for age, obesity, and current smoking. We evaluated bleeding time (BT) using standardized skin incisions on a forearm, along with plasma clot permeability (K s), clot lysis time (CLT), and histidine-rich glycoprote...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
ConclusionsCT angiography imaging findings have the potential to identify patients with head and neck cancer at higher risk of bleeding.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
assi Deyanira Contartese Raffaele Palaia The aim of the study is to evaluate the usability aspects of new deployable, expandable, electrode prototypes, in terms of suitability solutions for laparoscopic applications on the liver, endoscopic trans-oral and trans-anal procedures, electroporation segmentation in several steps, mechanical functionality (flexibility, penetrability), visibility of the electrode under instrumental guidance, compatibility of the electrode with laparoscopic/endoscopic accesses, surgical instruments, and procedural room and safety compatibility. The electroporation was performed on an animal...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Given the abrupt and significant life-changing nature of stroke, it is often necessary to manage a diverse array of psychological issues that often cannot be simply managed via psychotropic medications. Moreover, an understanding of the patients' emotional adjustment and issues can help them maximize their rehabilitation, recovery, and community integration. For the cases discussed, psychology consultations were central in helping optimize their rehabilitation and functional outcomes. PMID: 32083601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
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