Researchers Probe Autism's Origins in the Brain

Researchers are looking for clues to autism in the structure of the brain, specifically the cerebellum.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: December 2018Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 83Author(s): Hsiao-Wei Joy Tsai, Katie Cebula, S.H. Liang, Sue Fletcher-WatsonAbstractBackgroundA child’s diagnosis of autism impacts their whole family, in both positive and negative ways, that may be influenced by cultural beliefs.AimsWe aimed to describe the experiences of mothers and typically-developing siblings of children with autism in two cultural contexts.MethodsFourteen mother-sibling dyads from Taiwan and the UK participated in semi-structured interviews.ResultsWhilst there were similarities in sibling experiences, a neg...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Laura A. Ajram, Andreia C. Pereira, Alice M.S. Durieux, Hester E. Velthius, Marija M. Petrinovic, Grainne M. McAlonanAbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects over 1:100 of the population and costs the UK more than £32bn and the USA more than $175bn (£104bn) annually. Its core symptoms are social and communication difficulties, repetitive behaviours and sensory hyper- or hypo-sensitivities. A highly diverse phenotypic presentation likely reflects its etiological heterogeneity...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewTo provide an overview of the concept of comorbidity, research that supports the common co-occurrence of neurodevelopmental disorders and directions for future research.Recent FindingsNeurodevelopmental disorders including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and learning disorders co-occur more commonly than would be expected by chance. The potential causes for this comorbidity suggested in the research literature are genetic, epigenetic, neurobiological, and environmental.SummaryDirections for research such as imaging genetic...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
When I became a physician years ago, the idea of telehealth had barely taken hold among doctors or patients. Today, as we bask in the passage of the CHRONIC Care Act of 2017, we’re seeing dozens of use cases in stroke, emergent care, psychiatry and more that underscore telehealth’s potential. Consumers are becoming increasingly digitally savvy too — and not just the millennials. Today, about one in five adults have tried telehealth — a number which, by all accounts, is expected to grow when new legislation takes effect and removes some of the biggest barriers to adoption. This means physicians ...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Mobile health Practice Management Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: The brain networks constructed using the proposed method are considered as more realistic than a parcellation method with respect to the stability of connectedness. We found that subjects with autism showed the abnormal characteristics in the brain networks. These results demonstrate that the proposed method may provide new insights to analysis in the structural brain network. Significance: We proposed the novel brain network construction method to overcome the shortcoming in the existing parcellation method.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
(Rockefeller University) Researchers have discovered that the protein ASTN2 shuttles receptors away from the surface of neurons, a process that facilitates efficient brain activity.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute--led by Juergen Hahn, professor and head of biomedical engineering--are continuing to make remarkable progress with their research focused on autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Abstract Many young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) experience difficulty in the development of communication skills. Teaching peers to make use of communication support behaviors has been investigated as a strategy to increase communication for young children with ASD in early childhood settings. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine (1) the overall effects of peer support interventions on the communication of young children with ASD and (2) any possible moderating variables related to participant and intervention characteristics. The social support model was used as a framework for ...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research
Semin Speech Lang DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1670670Many young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) experience difficulty in the development of communication skills. Teaching peers to make use of communication support behaviors has been investigated as a strategy to increase communication for young children with ASD in early childhood settings. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine (1) the overall effects of peer support interventions on the communication of young children with ASD and (2) any possible moderating variables related to participant and intervention characteristics. The social support model w...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Aitana Alonso-Gonzalez, Cristina Rodriguez-Fontenla, Angel Carracedo
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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