Fatty Fare a Fave for 'Otzi the Iceman'

The wild meat consumed by Otzi was eaten fresh or perhaps dried. The presence of toxic bracken particles could be due to Otzi taking bracken as a way to treat intestinal problems caused by parasites, or by using the leaves to wrap food.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by the development of thrombotic events and pregnancy morbidity in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). An infectious etiology for this syndrome has been postulated. The present review is aimed to summarize recent evidence about the role of infections and vaccines in the pathogenesis of the APS (including its catastrophic variant).Recent FindingsThere is an increased risk of developing aPL in various infections, particularly in viral infections. The most frequent infection related to aPL has been hepatitis C virus. These antibodies ...
Source: Current Rheumatology Reports - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
This article reviews an evidence-based approach to diarrhea evaluation with a focus on pathogen-specific testing and management for the most common viral, bacterial, and parasitic causes in the United States. PMID: 30115338 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Prim Care Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2018Source: Molecular and Biochemical ParasitologyAuthor(s): Takuya Kashiide, Shingo Kikuta, Misaki Yamaguchi, Takao Irie, Hirokazu Kouguchi, Kinpei Yagi, Jun MatsumotoAbstractAlveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonotic parasitosis caused by larvae of the fox tapeworm, Echinococcus multilocularis. E. multilocularis is distributed widely in the Northern hemisphere, causing serious health problems in various animals and humans. E. multilocularis, like other cestodes, lacks a digestive tract and absorbs essential nutrients, including glucose, across the syncytial tegument on its ext...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2018Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Jamie K. Norris, Ashley E. Steuer, Holli S. Gravatte, Paul Slusarewicz, Jennifer L. Bellaw, Jessica A. Scare, Martin K. NielsenAbstractGiven the ever-increasing levels of anthelmintic resistance in livestock parasites globally, it is recommended to use parasite fecal egg counts to make treatment decisions and to evaluate treatment efficacy. The consensus in equine parasitology is to use a flotation medium with a specific gravity (SG) of ≥ 1.20 to float the main parasite egg types of interest in egg counting techniques. However, th...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Protective Role of γδ T Cells in Different Pathogen Infections and Its Potential Clinical Application. J Immunol Res. 2018;2018:5081634 Authors: Zhao Y, Lin L, Xiao Z, Li M, Wu X, Li W, Li X, Zhao Q, Wu Y, Zhang H, Yin J, Zhang L, Cho CH, Shen J Abstract γδ T cells, a subgroup of T cells based on the γδ TCR, when compared with conventional T cells (αβ T cells), make up a very small proportion of T cells. However, its various subgroups are widely distributed in different parts of the human body and are attractive effectors for infectious disease immunity. &...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2018Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Sean Ward, Nicholas T. Powles, Michael I. PageAbstractLiquid chromatography linked with mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used to analyse gelatin from four different species after a trypsin digest. Using chemometric software to analyse the data it was possible to find peptide fragments that were specific to each species of gelatin: porcine, bovine, chicken or fish. Identification of these peptides was challenging due to the destructive nature of gelatin manufacture. The untargeted workflow method developed allowed ide...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, the cytotoxicity and antileishmanial activity of luliconazole were evaluated in vitro against promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania major. The docking simulation with the target enzyme, sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) was performed using AutoDock 4.2 program.ResultsThe IC50 (concentration of test compound required for 50% inhibition) against promastigotes revealed that luliconazole (IC50 = 0.19 μM) has greater potency than ketoconazole (KET), meglumine antimoniate (MA) and amphotericin B (AmB) (IC50 values of 135, 538 and 2.52 μM, respectively). Against the ...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Kratz JM, Garcia Bournissen F, Forsyth CJ, Sosa-Estani S Abstract Introduction Chagas disease (CD) is one of the most neglected public health problems in the Americas, where
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2018Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Aldrin M., Jansen P.A., Stryhn H.AbstractThe parasitic salmon louse constrains growth in the Norwegian salmon farming industry through density dependent host-parasite interaction. Hence, there is a need for insight into how increases in salmon production, varying spatial organisation of the production and pest control strategies affect salmon louse population dynamics. Here we present a new salmon louse model for exploring effects of varying salmon farming conditions on spatio-temporal abundances of the parasite. The salmon louse model is partly s...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
AbstractHydatid cyst (echinococcosis) is an endemic parasitic disease, usually encountered in those dealing with agriculture and livestock. The most frequently affected organs are the liver and the lungs. The disease is very rarely encountered in soft tissues. Diagnosing a soft-tissue hydatid cyst may be challenging unless the mass possesses the characteristic features of a hydatid cyst. Soft-tissue hydatid cysts may be treated percutaneously, just like those encountered in the liver. In this case report, we present the radiological findings and modified percutaneous aspiration –injection–reaspiration (PAIR) tr...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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