Application of salting-out thin layer chromatography in computational prediction of minimum inhibitory concentration and blood-brain barrier penetration of some selected fluoroquinolones

Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Azza H. Rageh, Noha N. Atia, Hamdy M. Abdel-RahmanAbstractThe 2017 FDA safety review regarding the CNS (central nervous system) side effects associated with the systemic use of fluoroquinolones antibacterials (FQs) was the key motivation to carry out this work. The main objective of this study is to investigate lipophilicity and retention parameters of some selected fluoroquinolones antibacterials (FQs) namely; levofloxacin (LEV), ofloxacin (OFL), gatifloxacin (GAT), norfloxacin (NOR), sparfloxacin (SPA), ciprofloxacin (CIP) and lomefloxacin (LOM) using salting-out thin layer chromatography (SOTLC). Statistically significant correlations between the chromatographically-obtained retention parameters and experimental log P values were found and expressed as quantitative structure retention relationship (QSRR) equations. Principal component analysis was carried out to explain the variation between chromatographic and both experimental and computed lipophilicity parameters. In another aspect of this study, a comparison between the chromatographically-determined retention parameters (for five of the drugs under study) obtained using SOTLC (current study) and relative lipophilicity (RM0) determined using a previously reported RP (reversed-phase)-TLC method was carried out. Statistically significant correlation between the two methods was found, although RM0 values obta...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Sohail Mumtaz, Pradeep Bhartiya, Neha Kaushik, Manish Adhikari, Pradeep Lamichhane, Su-Jae Lee, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Eun Ha ChoiAbstractOver the past few decades, microwave (MW) radiation has been widely used, and its biological effects have been extensively investigated. However, the effect of MW radiation on human skin biology is not well understood. We study the effects of pulsed high-power microwaves (HPMs) on melanoma (G361 and SK-Mel-31) and normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) cells. A pulsed power generator (Chundo...
Source: Journal of Advanced Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Passive measles immunity waned quickly, and most infants were no longer protected from measles by age 3 months, a study found; US experts say the age of vaccination should remain the same.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Pulmonary Medicine Headlines - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
Suresh K. Mukherji
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
SURESH K. MUKHERJI, MD, MBA, FACR
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Magnetoencephalography
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ELSEVIER
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) has been widely studied in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and is observed by a significant temporal correlation of spontaneous low-frequency signal fluctuations (SLFs) both within and across hemispheres during rest. Different hypotheses of RSFC include the biophysical origin hypothesis and cognitive origin hypothesis, which show that the role of SLFs and RSFC is still not completely understood. Furthermore, RSFC and age studies have shown an “age-related compensation” phenomenon. RSFC data analysis methods include time domain analysis, seed-based correl...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionLL/MLD4, MLA, MLD, the degree of luminal diameter stenosis, CCO, RI, and %APV derived from cCTA can support the detection of hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis as compared with iFR®, with LL/MLD4 showing the greatest discriminatory power.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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