Time course of panic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder onsets

AbstractPurposePosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often co-occurs with panic disorder (PD), with some etiological models positing a causal role of panic reactivity in PTSD onset; however, data addressing the temporal ordering of these conditions are lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the bi-directional associations between PD and PTSD in a nationally representative, epidemiologic sample of trauma-exposed adults.MethodsParticipants were community-dwelling adults (62.6% women;Mage = 48.9, SD 16.3) with lifetime DSM-IV PTSD criterion A trauma exposure drawn from the 2001/2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) and re-interviewed in 2004/5 (N = 12,467). Cox discrete-time proportional hazards models with time-varying covariates were used to investigate the bi-directional associations between lifetime PD and PTSD, accounting for demographic characteristics, trauma load, and lifetime history of major depression, generalized anxiety dis order, and social anxiety disorder.ResultsPD was significantly associated with subsequent onset of PTSD (HR 1.210, 95%CI  = 1.207–1.214,p 
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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This study suggests that antidepressant-like effect of hesperidin may be mediated, at least in part, by decreased neuroinflammation and oxidative damage, and enhanced BDNF production in the hippocampus.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 20 October 2018Source: New Scientist, Volume 240, Issue 3200Author(s): Clare WilsonPoliticians say they want to aim for zero suicide, but that target might be counterproductive, says Clare Wilson
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
You're reading How To Make Social Media Less Awful, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. When we share our beliefs and our politics on social media, many of us are trying to change hearts and minds. But the system is stacked against us: Facebook and Instagram’s algorithms mostly show us topics we’re already interested in, and our posts only reach our own echo chambers. When we do run into someone with a different view, we drive each other insane with comments section flame wars. Here are some guidel...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured happiness jealousy self improvement digital detox etiquette pickthebrain politics social media success Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2018Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Astrid M. Rosenthal-von der Pütten, Matthias Hastall, Sören Köcher, Christian Meske, Timo Heinrich, Franziska Labrenz, Sebastian OcklenburgAbstractIt has been argued that reported negative effects of social networking site use on well-being and depression might be due to the vast opportunities for unflattering social comparison on Facebook. Social media websites offer Likes, a numeric representation of social acceptance, as a form of “online social currency,” which can be seen as a secondary reinforcer...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Manes Feston, flanked by her children, holds her four-month-old son Fedson. He was one of triplets but his siblings died because of a lack of welfare support. High fertility rates can be seen in much of Africa with four or more births per woman. Generally, these countries are poorer with limited access to quality healthcare and contraception. Credit: Travis Lupick/IPSBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, Oct 21 2018 (IPS)Reproductive choice can transform the world and our goals towards a sustainable society, a new report says.Every year, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) examines the state of the world populatio...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations fertility Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) United Nations Population Fund Source Type: news
ConclusionAlthough SRMH is a useful tool for estimation of mental health needs of populations, poor SRMH may not have universal meanings across ethnically diverse populations. Ethnic groups differ in how their poor SRMH reflects psychiatric conditions and the role of demographic and socioeconomic factors in explaining such links. These ethnic differences may be a source of measurement bias in cross-ethnic health comparisons.
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion The SCIP is reliable and valid diagnostic interview, is compatible with experimental psychopathology and personalized psychiatry research, and is in line with the NIMH RDoC framework. The SCIP Instruction Manual is also available for download by visiting http://innovationscns.com/wp-content/uploads/SCIP_Instruction_Manual_2015.pdf. Acknowledgment Dr. Aboraya had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analyses. References 1.     Stone M. Healing the Mind: A History of Psychiatry from Antiquity to the Present. In: ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Assessment Tools Current Issue Evaluations Psychiatry Reliability of Diagnoses Review Scales Trial Methodology descriptive psychopathology diagnostic criteria dimensional scores Psychiatric interview SCIP Standard for Cliniciansâ Source Type: research
Conclusion The SCIP is reliable and valid diagnostic interview, is compatible with experimental psychopathology and personalized psychiatry research, and is in line with the NIMH RDoC framework. The SCIP Instruction Manual is also available for download by visiting http://innovationscns.com/wp-content/uploads/SCIP_Instruction_Manual_2015.pdf. Acknowledgment Dr. Aboraya had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analyses. References 1.     Stone M. Healing the Mind: A History of Psychiatry from Antiquity to the Present. In: ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Assessment Tools Current Issue Evaluations Psychiatry Reliability of Diagnoses Review Scales Trial Methodology descriptive psychopathology diagnostic criteria dimensional scores Psychiatric interview SCIP Standard for Cliniciansâ Source Type: research
Conclusions Expanding access to mental health services for youth might have a net positive societal value by helping to prevent some of these adverse educational outcomes.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings highlight the need for gambling treatment services to undertake routine screening and assessment of psychiatric co-morbidity and provide treatment approaches that adequately manage these co-morbid disorders. Further research is required to explore the reasons for the variability observed in the prevalence estimates.
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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