Tumor-associated macrophages promote the metastasis of ovarian carcinoma cells by enhancing CXCL16/CXCR6 expression

This study investigated the underlying mechanism by which C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 16 (CXCL16)/C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 6 (CXCR6) signaling is activated by tumor-associated macrophages and assists in regulating the metastasis of ovarian carcinoma. Specimens of ovarian carcinoma tissue and adjacent tissue were collected from 20 ovarian carcinoma patients. Human THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate into macrophages, which were then co-cultured with SKOV3 cells and low concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) to simulate the inflammatory microenvironment of ovarian carcinoma. Additionally, small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting CXCR6 was transfected into SKOV3 cells; after which, the levels of nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) protein and phosphorylated PI3K and Akt were measured. The migration and invasion abilities of the SKOV3 cells were also tested. The levels of TNF-α, interluekin-6 (IL-6), NF-κB p65, CXCL16, and CXCR6 expression in the ovarian carcinoma tissues were higher than those in the precancerous tissues. CXCR6 expression was positively correlated with TNF-α, IL-6, and CXCL16 expression. Co-culture of SKOV3 cells with macrophages significantly promoted CXCL16, CXCR6, NF-κB, and p65 expression by the SKOV3 cells, increased their levels of phosphorylated PI3K and Akt, and increased the migration and invasion abilities of SKOV3 cells. Silencing of CXCR6 or blocking the PI3K/Akt signal pathway marke...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Related Links:

a Epithelial ovarian carcinoma is the most predominant type of ovarian carcinoma, the deadliest gynecologic malignancy. It is typically diagnosed late when the cancer has already metastasized. Transcoelomic metastasis is the most predominant mechanism of dissemination from epithelial ovarian carcinoma, although both hematogenously and lymphogenously spread metastases also occur. In this review, we describe molecular mechanisms known to regulate organ-specific metastasis from epithelial ovarian carcinoma. We begin by discussing the sites colonized by metastatic ovarian carcinoma and rank them in the order of prevalence....
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionSurgical operation is the main treatment of chronic tuberculous empyema, which has a high cost and large injury, and many patients do not accept this treatment. In this study, intrapleural injection of anhydrous ethanol could achieve the purpose of eliminating the pus cavity, which is particularly suitable for patients who cannot tolerate surgery or are unwilling to undergo surgical treatment.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Our study demonstrated that FEZF1-AS1 exerted an oncogenic role in ovarian cancer via modulating JAK-STAT3 pathway. PMID: 30416194 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Authors: Engqvist H, Parris TZ, Rönnerman EW, Söderberg EMV, Biermann J, Mateoiu C, Sundfeldt K, Kovács A, Karlsson P, Helou K Abstract Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy in the western world. Despite recent efforts to characterize ovarian cancer using molecular profiling, few targeted treatment options are currently available. Here, we examined genetic variants, fusion transcripts, SNP genotyping, and gene expression patterns for early-stage (I and II) ovarian carcinomas (n=96) in relation to clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcome, thereby identifying nove...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Mesonephric carcinomas of the gynecologic tract are neoplasms that are often under-recognized due to their varied morphologic appearances. Recently, GATA3 and TTF1 have been reported to be useful immunohistochemical markers for distinguishing mesonephric carcinomas from its morphologic mimics. Herein, we compared the performance of GATA3 and TTF1 to the traditional markers used for mesonephric carcinomas, CD10 and calretinin. We studied 694 cases: 8 mesonephric carcinomas (7 cervical [includes 3 mesonephric carcinosarcomas], 1 vaginal), 5 mesonephric-like carcinomas (4 uterine corpus, 1 ovarian), 585 endometrial adenocarci...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Ovarian endometriotic cysts have been identified as the possible origin of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC), so predicting or preventing future transformation is important. Early detection of clear cell carcinoma is important because it shows low sensitivity to chemotherapy and the prognosis is worse than for other histologic types. We recently treated 2 patients with OCCC. They were both young women with no family history of cancer who received long-term oral contraceptive therapy for endometriotic cysts, and the histologic diagnosis was typical clear cell carcinoma in both patients. However, in Case 1, the tumor was d...
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Continuously rising trends in obesity-related malignancies render this disease spectrum a public health priority. Worldwide, the burden of cancer attributable to obesity, expressed as population attributable fraction, is 11.9% in men and 13.1% in women. There is convincing evidence that excess body weight is associated with an increased risk for cancer of at least 13 anatomic sites, including endometrial, esophageal, renal and pancreatic adenocarcinomas; hepatocellular carcinoma; gastric cardia cancer; meningioma; multiple myeloma; colorectal, postmenopausal breast, ovarian, gallbladder and thyroid cancers.
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Conditions:   High Grade Serous Carcinoma;   Ovarian Cancer;   Exosomes;   Prognosis;   Early Diagnosis Intervention:   Genetic: Sequencing of miRNA/lncRNA Sponsor:   Lei Li Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
obert C. Bast High-grade serous ovarian cancer, also known as high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), is the most common and deadliest type of ovarian cancer. HGSC appears to arise from the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum. As most HGSC cases present with widespread peritoneal metastases, it is often not clear where HGSC truly originates. Traditionally, the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) was long believed to be the origin of HGSC. Since the late 1990s, the fallopian tube epithelium has emerged as a potential primary origin of HGSC. Particularly, serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC), a noninvasive tumor lesio...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Maya Dhanani, Aziza Nassar, Mélissa S Charles, Tri DinhCytoJournal 2018 15(1):28-28 Ovarian cancer is a heterogeneous disease having the highest gynecologic fatality in the United States with a 5-year survival rate of 46.5%. Poor overall prognosis is mostly attributed to inadequate screening tools, and the majority of diagnoses occur at late stages of the disease. Due to genetic and biological underpinnings, ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSC) have etiologic evidence in the distal fallopian tube. Fallopian tube screening modalities are aggressively investigated, but few describe cytological characteristic...
Source: CytoJournal - Category: Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Ovarian Cancer | Ovaries | Pathology | Study