Most African-Americans Develop High Blood Pressure By Age 55, Study Shows

BOSTON (CBS) — According to a new study from the Journal of the American Heart Association, most African-Americans develop high blood pressure by age 55. Researchers followed nearly 4,000 young adults over time and found that more than 75-percent of black men and women had developed high blood pressure by the time they turned 55, compared to about 50-percent of white men and 40-percent of white women. The disparity is largely due to higher rates of obesity and diabetes among black Americans, but they also tend to be more sensitive to salt than other racial groups. Experts say young African-Americans should be monitored closely and counseled about lifestyle changes, like diet and exercise, that can lower their risk of hypertension. The definition of high blood pressure was recently redefined as a level greater than 130/80.  
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated Local American Heart Association Dr. Mallika Marshall HeathWatch High Blood Pressure Source Type: news

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Authors: Michas G, Karvelas G, Trikas A Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant and ever-growing problem in Europe, accounting for nearly 45% of all deaths and leading to significant morbidity. Greece is one of the European Union member states that top the list of deaths due to ischemic heart disease and stroke, a fact that is mainly attributed to unfavorable changes in modifiable risk factors. The aim of this review is to examine the latest evidence on the most important CVD risk factors. According to studies conducted during the last two decades, the prevalence of arterial hypertension, hypercholes...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Hellenic J Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Diabetes, but not obesity or hypertension, is associated with increased POCD risk. Consideration of diabetes status may be helpful for risk assessment of surgical patients.Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2018;46:193 –206
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough the cardiovascular risk for patients with obesity and diabetes is greater than for non-obese patients with diabetes, we found that patients with obesity are even further behind in achieving blood pressure control.
Source: High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Heart failure (HF) is a common cause of hospitalization and death in older adults. The prognosis of patients with HF remains unfavorable despite recent developments in medical treatment. Management of risk factors is a first-line strategy to improve the prognosis. Well-established risk factors for HF include hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. Since the prevalence of overweight has increased over the last decades, the role of obesity is the focus of intense research. Body mass index (BMI) is one of the most commonly-used practical parameters for obesity.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
This study investigated the dietary intake of first-generation Filipino Americans (n=210). In addition, it provides a comparison of the obesity rates using the International guideline and the WHO Asian recommendation. The dietary intake included caloric, carbohydrate, and fat intake and was determined using the Block Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire. The anthropometric measurements included actual height, weight, and waist measurements. The body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were categorized using the International guideline and the WHO Asian recommendation to determine obesity. The caloric and carbohydrate in...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research
This article will review the effectiveness of bariatric procedures on the remission and improvement of diabetes and its implicated mechanisms. PMID: 30298760 [PubMed]
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Authors: Nikołajuk A, Matulewicz N, Stefanowicz M, Karczewska-Kupczewska M Abstract Insulin resistance increases the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) even in the absence of classic risk factors, such as hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity. Low-grade chronic inflammatory state is associated both with insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. An increased circulating level of proinflammatory proatherogenic factors and biomarkers of endothelial activation was observed in diabetes and CVD. The aim of our study was to assess serum proatherogenic and proinflammatory factors in young healthy nonobes...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
This study examined the risk factors of T2DM among multi-ethnic urban youth in Edmonton, Alberta.MethodsAn interviewer-administered questionnaire was developed based on CANRISK variables, such as age, gender, ethnicity, family history of diabetes, medical history of high blood sugar or high blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, physical activity, and dietary intake. Between October 2013 and March 2014, data were collected from a convenience sample of 557 (328 girls and 229 boys) multi-ethnic youth aged 11-23 years in 12 institutions in Edmonton such as public schools, after-school program and college.ResultsParticip...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: HS is associated with a variety of comorbid conditions that should be considered to perform targeted routine screening and to improve HS management. PMID: 30295448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
The prevalence of obesity has been dramatically increasing globally over decades [1]. Obesity is caused by a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors, and is also suggested to be the result of a long-term imbalance between energy intake and expenditure [2]. Calorie-rich foods that are high in fat or carbohydrates combining with sedentary lifestyles are the most common factors underlying the global obesity epidemic [3]. High-fat diets (HFD) increase adipose tissue and induce metabolic and cardiovascular disorders (such as atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and hypertension [4, 5]), especially in those...
Source: Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
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