Most African-Americans Develop High Blood Pressure By Age 55, Study Shows

BOSTON (CBS) — According to a new study from the Journal of the American Heart Association, most African-Americans develop high blood pressure by age 55. Researchers followed nearly 4,000 young adults over time and found that more than 75-percent of black men and women had developed high blood pressure by the time they turned 55, compared to about 50-percent of white men and 40-percent of white women. The disparity is largely due to higher rates of obesity and diabetes among black Americans, but they also tend to be more sensitive to salt than other racial groups. Experts say young African-Americans should be monitored closely and counseled about lifestyle changes, like diet and exercise, that can lower their risk of hypertension. The definition of high blood pressure was recently redefined as a level greater than 130/80.  
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated Local American Heart Association Dr. Mallika Marshall HeathWatch High Blood Pressure Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Failure is a common and consequential aspect of health behavior change; a deeper understanding of failure should inform chronic disease interventions.
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that there are no differences between surgical and postoperative outcomes according to BMI. This study represents a starting point for future research in our population to determine the impact of the BMI on prostate cancer and its management. PMID: 29991659 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results indicate that dietary selenium supplementation reduces microvascular dysfunction by increasing endothelial-dependent and independent dilatation and reducing macromolecular permeability increase in fructose-fed animals.J Vasc Res 2018;55:203 –209
Source: Journal of Vascular Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
The traditional Omani economy was based on subsistence farming, herding, fishing and trading [1-3] and the diet of the population consisted mainly of whole grain, legumes, fruits, vegetables and fish [4-5]. However, following the discovery and exploitation of oil five decades ago, the country has undergone a major economic transformation [5] and registered a significant progress in health and social care, education and reduction in poverty and mal-nutrition [6]. In the same period of time, the prevalence of non-communicable chronic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease ...
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: Surgery (Oxford), Volume 36, Issue 6Author(s): Amy R. Sharkey, Bijan ModaraiAbstractPeripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a powerful marker of the risk of cardiovascular events such as stroke and myocardial infarction, even in asymptomatic patients. The development of PAD is underpinned by both modifiable risk factors, including smoking, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension and obesity and non-modifiable risk factors, including male gender and increased age. Optimizing medical management of risk factors, with tight control of diabetes, antiplatelet therapy and exercise, can significantly ...
Source: Surgery (Oxford) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to estimate the frequency of premalignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps, and to evaluate associated clinical and demographic factors. A literature search was performed in major databases and the gray literature using the terms polyps OR endometrial polyp AND endometrial neoplasms OR endometrial cancer OR endometrial hyperplasia OR malignan*. Studies describing the frequency of premalignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and any clinical or demographic factors associated with malignant lesions extracted using hysteroscopy were considered eligible. Independent investigators ...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusions: Integrated HIV–NCD screening has the potential to efficiently use resources compared with stand-alone services. Although all-inclusive NCD screening could increase the incremental cost per person screened for integrated HIV–NCD services over 40%, a less costly lipid assay or targeted screening would result in a modest increase in costs with the potential to avert NCD death and disability. Our analysis highlights the need for implementation science studies to estimate the cost-effectiveness of integrated HIV–NCD screening and linkage per disability-adjusted life year and death averted.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Implementation Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients with CVD and concomitant obesity showed more severe periodontitis with increased concentrations of major periodontopathic bacteria than patients without obesity. These bacteria may cause deterioration of CVD and metabolic disorder.
Source: Journal of Oral Biosciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018Source: Advances in Medical Sciences, Volume 63, Issue 1Author(s): Ewelina Michniewicz, Elżbieta Mlodawska, Paulina Lopatowska, Anna Tomaszuk-Kazberuk, Jolanta MalyszkoAbstractCoronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cardiovascular disease while atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Both diseases share associated risk factors – hypertension, diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea, obesity and smoking. Moreover, inflammation plays a causative role in both diseases. The prevalence of CAD in patients with AF is from 17% to 46.5% while the prevalence of AF among pati...
Source: Advances in Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with beneficial retinal microvascular health. Higher BMI and BP were associated with an impairment of retinal microvascular health. Exercise is known for its potential to improve body composition and reduce BP but may also prove to be an efficient therapy to counteract small vessel disease in cardiometabolic disease.
Source: Microvascular Research - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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