Hyaluronan magnetic nanoparticle for mitoxantrone delivery toward CD44-positive cancer cells

Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Azam Sargazi, Fereshteh Shiri, Sheida Keikha, Mostafa Heidari MajdAbstractHyaluronic acid (HA) is increasingly investigated for biomedical applications such as regenerative medicine, aesthetic medicine, and drug delivery. Accordingly, conjugation of HA to PEGylated MNPs could increase the active targeting ability of nano-drug carriers toward CD44 receptors and be useful in a clinical setting such as drug delivery. So, we chemically conjugated mitoxantrone (MTX) to HA-PEGylated MNPs to use concurrent advantages such as prolong the circulation time, decrease the side effects and delivery toward special tumor cells. Size of the Fe3O4-DPA-PEG-HA-MTX NPs was determined ~200 nm utilizing FESEM and DLS. Stability analysis confirmed that prepared MNPs were stable in physiological conditions even after 8 days and only 47.3% of MTX was liberated from nanocarriers, in the event that, acidic condition and also presence of protease enzyme accelerated the amount of MTX release to 100% after 8 days of incubation. The in vitro cytotoxicity analysis by MTT assay revealed that viable cell numbers were reduced by 32% when MTX-HA-MNPs were applied against MDA-MB-231 cell lines, while they showed significant decreased cellular cytotoxic effects on cell viability in the MCF-7 cell lines which express lower levels of CD44 receptor at the cell surface. Also, results of flow cytometry analysis fo...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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