Systematic review of hormone replacement therapy in the infertile man

ConclusionsExogenous testosterone inhibits spermatogenesis. Hypogonadal men wanting to preserve their fertility and at the same time benefiting from TRT effects can be prescribed selective oestrogen receptor modulators or testosterone plus low-dose human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). Patients treated for infertility with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism can be prescribed hCG alone at first followed by or in combination from the start with follicle-stimulating hormone preparations.
Source: Arab Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, we showed a high incidence of sex chromosome DSD among Egyptian DSD patients with wide karyotype/phenotype diversity. The most frequent sex chromosome DSD detected among patients of the present study was Turner syndrome and variants (52.08%; 25/48) followed by Klinefelter syndrome and variants (43.75%; 21/48). Further long term studies are necessary for accurate detection of frequencies of different types of sex chromosomal anomalies and associated phenotypes. PMID: 30007989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sexual Development : genetics, molecular biology, evolution, endocrinology, embryology, and pathology of sex determination and differentiation - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Sex Dev Source Type: research
In conclusion, we showed a high incidence of sex chromosome DSD among Egyptian DSD patients with wide karyotype/phenotype diversity. The most frequent sex chromosome DSD detected among patients of the present study was Turner syndrome and variants (52.08%; 25/48) followed by Klinefelter syndrome and variants (43.75%; 21/48). Further long term studies are necessary for accurate detection of frequencies of different types of sex chromosomal anomalies and associated phenotypes.Sex Dev
Source: Sexual Development - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 25, Issue 5Author(s): Ines Jedidi, Mouna Ouchari, Qinan YinAbstractHuman infertility, defined as the inability to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse, is a healthcare problem that has a worldwide impact. Genetic causes of human infertility are manifold. In addition to the chromosomal aneuploidies and rearrangements, single-gene defects can interfere with human fertility. This paper provides a review of the most common autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant single-gene disorders involved in human infertility. The genes reviewe...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018Source: Arab Journal of Urology, Volume 16, Issue 1Author(s): Scott D. Lundy, Edmund S. SabaneghAbstractDespite being first described two thousand years ago, the varicocele remains a controversial multifaceted disease process with numerous biological consequences including infertility, hypogonadism, and chronic orchidalgia. The underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood and likely include hypoxia, oxidative stress, hyperthermia, anatomical aberrations, and genetics as primary components. Despite a high prevalence amongst asymptomatic fertile men, varicoceles paradoxically also represent the ...
Source: Arab Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe evidence supports the usefulness of AMH, inhibin B and TV evaluation for the early diagnosis of puberty disorders and primary testicular damage. We suggest the measurement of TV by using the medical calculator in all children and to reserve AMH and inhibin B measurements to those cases of no testicular growth, clinical suspicious of puberty disorders or in children at risk for spermatogenesis damage. This work-up might allow the early detection of testicular tubular damage which, in turn, may be useful to prevent the oncoming male infertility in adulthood.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 25, Issue 5Author(s): Ines Jedidi, Mouna Ouchari, Qinan YinAbstractHuman infertility, defined as the inability to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse, is a healthcare problem that has a worldwide impact. Genetic causes of human infertility are manifold. In addition to the chromosomal aneuploidies and rearrangements, single-gene defects can interfere with human fertility. This paper provides a review of the most common autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant single-gene disorders involved in human infertility. The genes reviewe...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018Source: Arab Journal of Urology, Volume 16, Issue 1Author(s): Scott D. Lundy, Edmund S. SabaneghAbstractDespite being first described two thousand years ago, the varicocele remains a controversial multifaceted disease process with numerous biological consequences including infertility, hypogonadism, and chronic orchidalgia. The underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood and likely include hypoxia, oxidative stress, hyperthermia, anatomical aberrations, and genetics as primary components. Despite a high prevalence amongst asymptomatic fertile men, varicoceles paradoxically also represent the ...
Source: Arab Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsExogenous testosterone inhibits spermatogenesis. Hypogonadal men wanting to preserve their fertility and at the same time benefiting from TRT effects can be prescribed selective oestrogen receptor modulators or testosterone plus low-dose human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). Patients treated for infertility with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism can be prescribed hCG alone at first followed by or in combination from the start with follicle-stimulating hormone preparations.
Source: Arab Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although the risk of psychosis, depression and autism is increased in subjects with KS, no definitive evidence has been found in studies aiming at identify the relationship between aneuploidy, T deficit and the risk of psychiatric and cognitive disorders in subjects affected by KS. PMID: 29972105 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewImmune checkpoint therapy has grown in prominence in the last few decades and is being increasingly utilized in treatment of advanced cancers. Although information on toxicities of these drugs is forthcoming, not much is known regarding the toxicity profile of these drugs from a sexual function standpoint. We undertook the current review to appraise the literature for endocrine/sexual side effects of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 and anti-CTLA-4 therapy.Recent FindingsOur review included 32 articles and focused primarily on the programmed death (PD) pathway. We found that endocrine side effects after anti-PD-1/P...
Source: Current Urology Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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