Perceived Subfecundity and Contraceptive Use Among Young Adult U.S. Women

CONCLUSIONBecause few studies have investigated fecundity perceptions in their own right, more research is needed to understand how women evaluate their fecundity and to integrate these perceptions into broader frameworks describing women's perception of pregnancy risk. Such work may help identify potential levers to improve contraceptive use.
Source: The Guttmacher Institute - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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ConclusionPresence of adenomyosis seems to have adverse effects on IVF outcomes in clinical pregnancy rate, live birth rate and miscarriage rate. Screening for adenomyosis might be considered before ART so that the couple has better awareness of the prognosis.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2018Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): SpanishInfertility SWOT Group (SISG), MA Checa, J Bellver, E Bosch, JJ Espinós, F Fabregues, J Fontes, J García-Velasco, A RequenaAbstractHysteroscopic septum resection in women with unfavourable reproductive and clinical outcomes has become common practice worldwide to improve reproductive results. No clear evidence on the possible advantages and drawbacks of this procedure has been published. In this opinion paper, based on a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis, the different aspects...
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to demonstrate a markedly enlarged isthmocele, that resulted in the miscarriage of a 12-week IVF twin pregnancy.
Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
This study investigated the quality and quantity of eggs and embryos as well as the clinical pregnancy outcome in young infertile women with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) after in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed records of 4285 infertile women and divided them into 3 groups according to age and ovarian reserve: young women with normal ovarian reserve (n=1695), young women with DOR (n=1121), and older women with DOR (n=1469). RESULTS In young women with DOR, the proportion of high-quality embryos was significantly higher than in older women...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
ConclusionHysteroscopic surgery using cold graspers combined with electric loop by the HEOS is feasible and effective for treatment of DUL as it preserves the uterus and yields favorable reproductive outcomes. The cold surgery and fenestration method minimize electrical and thermal damage to the endometrium surrounding the myoma, consequently reducing surgical risks.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Given its potential to reduce the miscarriage rate, LT4 supplementation is recommended for infertile women with SCH and/or TAI who are undergoing IVF/ICSI. However, additional population-based RCTs are needed to confirm this recommendation. PMID: 30249251 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
ni ME Abstract Context: There is increasing evidence for MIS/AMH physiologic activity in the human uterus, so it is relevant to study how MIS/AMH levels impact pregnancy. Objective: To investigate the association of MIS/AMH levels with risk of adverse obstetric outcomes. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Academic fertility center. Patients: Women who became pregnant through in vitro fertilization (IVF) between January 2012-October 2016. Exclusion criteria were: oocyte donation, gestational carrier, multiple gestation, miscarriage before 20 weeks, medically indicated preterm deliverie...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Increased serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have recently been reported to reduce fecundity in healthy eumenorrheic women with a history of 1-2 pregnancy losses. 1 As subclinical systemic inflammation may impede maternal immune tolerance, implantation and embryonic development might be compromised. Inflammation could, thus, also serve as a causative factor for the substantial proportion of miscarriages that reveal normal karyotypes after analysis of products of conception (POCs). To evaluate in infertile women the relationship between pre-pregnancy CRP levels and POC karyotype was the objective of this study.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Poster session Source Type: research
Ovulation Induction with IUI is a common first step in the treatment of infertility given its lower cost and ease of implementation compared to IVF. Disadvantages include lower pregnancy rates and thus longer time to conception. PGT-A provides the advantage of lower miscarriage rates (SAB). We sought to compare the pregnancy outcomes and cost per cycle of IUI and IVF/ PGT-A.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Poster session Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether stress biomarker and psychological indices of stress may predict both conception and miscarriage rates in women undergoing in-vitro fertilization/ intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ ICSI). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A university-affiliated tertiary hospital. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Infertility women who were undergoing fresh or frozen IVF/ICSI cycles. METHODS: Subjects were recruited to (1) completed validated psychological questionnaires (visual analogue scale of stress, state trait anxiety inventory, perceived stress scale, fer...
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
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