Adding electrical stimulation during standard rehabilitation after stroke to improve motor function. A systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionElectrical sensory input can contribute to routine rehabilitation to improve early post-stroke lower-extremity impairment and late motor function, with no change in spasticity. Prolonged periods of sensory stimulation such as TENS combined with activity can have beneficial effects on impairment and function after stroke.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Programs offering a variety of adaptive paddle boarding and kayaking configurations enable paddlers to make valued choices about their participation. In addition to providing equipment and support to meet paddlers' functional abilities, program developers and clinicians should also consider individual preferences for exercise, socialization, risk taking, self-presentation of disability, and independence.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPeople living with physical, cognitive, and/or psychosocial impairments perceive kayaking and paddle boarding as meaningful activities offering opportunities to exercise, have fun...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of irreversible brain damages and disabilities. In the past decade, much attention has been focused on exploring effective strategies to promote circuit reorganization and functional recovery post injury. Here, we showed that the expression level of a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA H19) is bilaterally increased in the sensorimotor cortex after a cerebral ischemia induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Knock down of contralaterally elevated H19 robustly enhanced the midline-crossing sprouting of the intact corticospinal axons in the spinal cord. Furthermore, H19...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
Conclusions This article highlights the important issues about the sEMG control method and accentuates the weaknesses associated with this type of control to assist researchers in overcoming problems that impede sEMG-controlled robotic devices to be feasible and practical tools for people afflicted with hand impairment.
Source: JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CME ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study suggests that orthotic treatment is needed with high frequency in a mixed inpatient neurorehabilitation cohort. In terms of service planning, these data support existing the recommendation that neurological rehabilitation centres should have good access to orthotic services.Implications for rehabilitationCustom orthoses such as AFOs and KAFOs are frequently needed by neurological rehabilitation inpatients.Orthoses may facilitate standing and walking at an earlier stage during rehabilitation.Those responsible for neurological rehabilitation services should ensure appropriate access to orthotic servic...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Abstract Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability. Spontaneous functional recovery occurs after ischemic stroke, but it is very limited. Therefore, it is urgent to find a strategy to promote functional recovery after stroke in clinical setting. Gray matter damage has received extensive attention owing to the important roles of the gray matter in synaptic plasticity, cognitive, and motor function. However, stroke also causes white matter damage, which accounts for half of the infarct volume and can be aggravated by blood brain barrier damage. Disruption of white matter integrity, which is characterized by de...
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study opens the way for future researchers, psychologists, physiotherapist and other practitioners to do more extensive work in the domain of virtual reality with different sample, constructs and approaches.Implications for rehabilitationIt has become increasing important to introduce new state-to-art technologies in domain of rehabilitation.People are reluctant to use all the traditional modes of treatment. As these conventional ways of treatment are least motivating and interesting to indulge the patients without force and burden. It is evident in the present study that addition of virtual reality-based ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Based on the literature assessed, the Timed Up and Go is clinically applicable and reliable across multiple populations. The Timed Up and Go has a wide variety of clinical use making it a diverse measure that should be considered when choosing an outcome an activity based outcome measure. However, there are some limitations in the validity of the utilization of the Timed Up and Go to some populations due to a lack of data and/or poor choice of comparison outcome measures when assessing validity. Additional research is needed for young to middle aged adults. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Outcome measures are ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Funding Opportunity PAR-20-042 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR) Early Career Research (ECR) Award (R03) is intended to support both basic and clinical research from rehabilitation scientists who are establishing independent research careers. The research must be focused on one or more of the areas within the biomedical and behavioral mission of NCMRR: pathophysiology and management of chronically injured nervous and musculoskeletal systems (including stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, and orthopedic conditions); repair and recover...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
Conclusions: The insights obtained from end-users and clinicians provide guidelines to optimize the development of novel FES-garments, and strategies for bringing the device to the market. The themes identified can serve to inform other rehabilitation and assistive technology developers with processes and ideas on how to meet these groups' needs. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Participants with neurological paralysis have interest and critical views on new rehabilitation and assistive technology, and the repercussions of using new technologies to address their function, health and wellbeing. The FES-garment design present...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
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