Yawning and cortisol levels in multiple sclerosis: Potential new diagnostic tool

Publication date: July 2018Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, Volume 23Author(s): Simon B.N. Thompson, Alister Coleman, Nicola WilliamsAbstractYawning is a significant behavioural response and, together with cortisol, is potentially a new diagnostic marker of neurological diseases. Evidence of an association between yawning and cortisol was found which supports the Thompson Cortisol Hypothesis and thermoregulation hypotheses, indication that brain cooling occurs when yawning. 117 volunteers aged 18–69 years were randomly allocated to experimentally controlled conditions to provoke yawning. Thirty-three had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Saliva cortisol samples were collected before and after yawning or after stimuli presentation in the absence of yawning. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, General Health Questionnaire, demographic and health details were collected. Comparisons were made of yawners and non-yawners, healthy volunteers and MS participants. Exclusion criteria: chronic fatigue, diabetes, fibromyalgia, heart condition, high blood pressure, hormone replacement therapy, stroke. Yawners had significant differences between saliva cortisol sample 1 and 2 among healthy participants (p 
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Initial results illustrate how a shift from paper-based documentation to an integrated eHealth service can improve communication and documentation in an independent therapy network. PMID: 31118341 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research
Authors: Jung O, Glachs D, Strohmeier F, Mulrenin R, Huisman S, Smith I, van Keulen H, Sont J, Ploessnig M Abstract The number of people with diabetes is increasing in every European country and like all chronic diseases it cannot be cured. However, patient empowerment is an acknowledged strategy for improving the patients' health situation. This paper describes the Action Plan Engine developed as a tool for diabetes patients in the POWER2DM project. The Action Plan Engine offers a guided workflow based on treatment goals and activities. A periodic review evaluates how successful a patient has fulfilled these goals...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research
Authors: Denecke K, Jolo P, Sevinc B, Nüssli S Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that affects many people in Switzerland and around the world. Once diagnosed, a patient has to continuously monitor blood glucose, manage medications or inject insulin. Technical skills and competencies as well as knowledge on disease management have to be acquired right after being diagnosed. Diabetes consultants support patients in this process and provide educational material. While the process of generating patient-tailored material is currently complex and time consuming, in future, the eDiabetes platform c...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research
Authors: Harada K, Yasuda M, Hasegawa K, Yamazaki Y, Sasano H, Otsuka F Abstract Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy arising from adrenocortical parenchymal cells. Myxoid ACC is one of the newly identified, rare, but important histological variants of ACC, characterized by the presence of abundant extracellular Alcian Blue-positive myxoid material. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome, and the incidence of ACC in MEN1 patients has been reported to be between 1.4% and 6%. Here, we report the case of a 68-year-old Japanese woman harboring t...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate if hyperinsulinemia and/or insulin resistance was correlated with the occurrence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in a group of Chinese patients. 258 inpatients were included in the study. According to the postoperative pathology results, all subjects were divided into PTC (n = 153) and control groups (with benign thyroid nodules, n = 105). Body mass index (BMI), fasting glucose, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), FT4, FT3, thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb), serum uric acid (UA), ...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Authors: Dhamane AD, Baker CL, Rajpura J, Mardekian J, Dina O, Russ C, Rosenblatt L, Lingohr-Smith M, Lin J Abstract Objective: To compare the risk of hospitalization and costs associated with major bleeding (MB) or stroke/systemic embolism (SE) among elderly patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who initiated apixaban then switched to another oral anticoagulant (OAC) vs. those who continued with apixaban treatment. Methods: NVAF patients (≥65 years) initiating apixaban were identified from the Humana database (1/1/2013-9/30/2017) and grouped into Switcher and Continuer cohorts. For Switchers, the...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Authors: Nishiyama A, Wakabayashi H, Nishioka S, Nagano A, Momosaki R Abstract Our aim was to clarify the nutritional status and energy intake needed for activities of daily living (ADL) improvement among convalescent stroke patients. This retrospective cohort study of stroke patients used data from the Japan Rehabilitation Nutrition Database. Mean energy intake per ideal body weight was 26 kcal/kg/day at 1 week after hospitalization. Patients were divided into two groups according to energy intake: ≥26 kcal/kg/day (high) and
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
This study investigated what types of classroom anxiety were related to student performance in the course and persistence in the major. Students in introductory biology classes self-reported their general class, test, communication, and social anxiety; perceived course difficulty; intention to stay in the major; and demographic variables. Final course grades were acquired from instructors. An increase in perception of course difficulty from the beginning to the end of the semester was significantly associated with lower final course grades (N = 337), particularly for females, non-Caucasians, and students who took fewer Adv...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Ruiqiang Tang, Lingmin Zhao, Xiaojin Xu, Lixing Huang, Yingxue Qin, Yongquan Su, Qingpi YanAbstractAs an important pathogen in aquaculture, Pseudomonas plecoglossicida has caused heavy losses. The expression of an ABC transporter gene-L321_23611 of P. plecoglossicida at 18 °C was found significant higher than those at 28 °C by RNA-seq and qRT-PCR. RNAi significantly reduced the content of L321_23611 mRNA in P. plecoglossicida with a maximal decrease of 89.2%. Compared with the wild type strain, the infection of L321_2...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 May 2018 Source:Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders Author(s): Simon B N Thompson, Alister Coleman, Nicola Williams Yawning is a significant behavioural response and, together with cortisol, is potentially a new diagnostic marker of neurological diseases. Evidence of an association between yawning and cortisol was found which supports the Thompson Cortisol Hypothesis and thermoregulation hypotheses, indication that brain cooling occurs when yawning. 117 volunteers aged 18-69 years were randomly allocated to experimentally controlled conditions to provoke yawning. Thirty-three had ...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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