Association between alcohol intake and subjective cognitive complaints in southwest Nigeria: a cross-sectional observational study

Publication date: Available online 14 August 2017Source: Alexandria Journal of MedicineAuthor(s): Awoyemi Abayomi Awofala, Olusegun Emmanuel OgundeleAbstractBackgroundAlcohol, a widely abused drug, is a general CNS depressant that is involved in an impaired neurological functioning in a dose-dependent manner and purportedly, in the development of adverse cognitive functions in humans.ObjectiveTo assess crosss-sectionally whether alcohol consumption is associated with the risk of subjective cognitive complaints (SCCs).Material and MethodsA cross-sectional study of 1299 participants with diverse age groups, ethnicity and socioeconomic levels recruited from six public hospitals in three different states in the southwest Nigeria between March 2016 and April 2016 was done. Prevalence of subjective cognitive complaints by the level of alcohol intake was measured using standardized questionnaire. Factor analyses (explorative and confirmatory) were used to validate the cognitive complaint questionnaire while conditional multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between alcohol intake and SCCs.ResultsAfter adjustment for age, marital status, level of education, ethnicity, smoking status and physical activity (basic adjustment), participants in the highest compared with the lowest quintile of alcohol intake had a significantly increased odds of SCCs (odds ratio [OR], 1.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.39–2.74; P for trend
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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