Incidence and Risk of Gallstone Disease in Gilbert's Syndrome Patients in Indian Population

ConclusionEarly recognition of GS by genetic analysis is required before these patients with intermittent episodes of jaundice run the risk of unnecessary operations on their bile ducts from the mistaken assumption ascribing the jaundice to a stone which has been left behind.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWe suggest this score as a very strong predictor for CBD stones, and to reduce the strength of total bilirubin and transaminases as predictors.
Source: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Background: Juvenile polyps (JPs) are the most common gastrointestinal polyps diagnosed in children. There is paucity of evidence differentiating polyp burden groups and the presence and significance of neoplastic changes. Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients, ages birth through 18 years with nonsyndromic JPs was performed from 2003 to 2017. Abstracted data included basic demographics, age, clinical presentation, colonoscopy findings, and pathology report. Slides of polyps with neoplasia were reviewed by a pathologist. Results: A total of 213 subjects underwent 326 procedures and 435 polypectomies. Sub...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: ChemicalAuthor(s): Weirui Tan, Liyuan Zhang, James C.G. Doery, Wei ShenAbstractAccumulation of excessive total serum bilirubin (TSB) induces hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice, especially in neonates. Diagnostics of TSB from bench to bedside is a clinical need requiring development of low-cost point-of-care analytical devices. This work describes a bilirubin paper-based analytical device (BiliPAD), for detection of TSB following diazotization by a colorimetric method. The chemistry of diazotization of TSB by using different accelerating reagen...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study examines microaggressions experienced by AI/AN post-secondary students in New Mexico and Oklahoma. Microaggression prevalence ratings and associated distress were compared across region, gender, income, age, and cultural involvement. Results showed microaggressions were highly prevalent among AI/AN students in New Mexico and Oklahoma and varied by demographic and cultural factors. Increased AI/AN microaggressions research is needed to bring awareness, education, and solutions. PMID: 31743415 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res Source Type: research
Abstract A qualitative study was conducted to assess interest in contingency management (CM) for younger American Indian (AI) adults (18-29 years old), how to culturally and developmentally adapt CM for younger AI adults, and interest in CM relative to culturally grounded treatment approaches. We conducted a total of four focus groups with younger adults and families in two AI communities: a rural reservation and an urban Indian health clinic (n = 32). Four overarching themes emerged suggesting that offering prizes, cultural activities, and activities that capture the attention of younger adults integrated into th...
Source: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res Source Type: research
Abstract Urban American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth represent a unique and growing population in the United States. Culture and participation in cultural activities is associated with resilience; however, urban AI/AN youth often report limited access to their culture. This paper presents results from a mixed-method feasibility evaluation of the Native Youth Leaders (NYL) program, a culturally-grounded youth program for urban AI youth. The NYL feasibility evaluation sought to answer two questions: (1) is the NYL program feasible and appropriate and (2) what are urban AI youth perspectives on the NYL prog...
Source: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res Source Type: research
This article describes: 1) the trial design and conceptual model under-girding the ABG program; 2) the sociodemographic, sociocultural, and family/household characteristics of participants at baseline; and 3) the baseline differences in key outcome indicators between study groups. Results demonstrate participants have baseline characteristics appropriate for study aims and are compared and contrasted with other youth from the participating tribal community and state in which the tribe resides. Findings inform future analyses to explore how baseline characteristics are associated with primary and secondary outcomes of the e...
Source: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res Source Type: research
Abstract The Culture is Prevention Project is a multi-phased communitybased participatory research project that was initiated by six urban American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) health organizations in northern California. Issues driving the project were: i) concerns about the lack of culturally informed or Indigenous methods of evaluating the positive health outcomes of culture-based programs to improve mental health and well-being; and ii) providing an approach that demonstrates the relationship between AI/AN culture and health. Most federal and state funding sources require interventions and subsequent measu...
Source: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res Source Type: research
Abstract American Indians and Alaska Natives experience pervasive mental, behavioral, and physical health disparities, yet access to culturally relevant and evidenced-based programs (EBPs) are severely limited. The purpose of this research is to describe the process of conducting a rigorous and culturally sensitive research approach, which was used to inform the development of a family-based substance abuse and violence prevention program that promotes resilience. The focus of this article is on the process of this development, rather than the intervention itself. We utilize a convergent mixed-methods design with ...
Source: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res Source Type: research
Conclusion Early recognition of GS by genetic analysis is required before these patients with intermittent episodes of jaundice run the risk of unnecessary operations on their bile ducts from the mistaken assumption ascribing the jaundice to a stone which has been left behind.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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