Presence and associated factors of carotid artery calcification detected by digital panoramic radiography in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis

Publication date: Available online 24 April 2018Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral RadiologyAuthor(s): Paulo Raphael Leite Maia, Ana Miryam C. Medeiros, Hallissa S.G. Pereira, Kenio C. Lima, Patrícia T. OliveiraObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate the presence and associated factors of carotid artery calcification (CAC) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis.Study DesignA total of 309 panoramic radiographs of patients with CKD (180 men and 129 women; mean age 43.7 years) undergoing hemodialysis were evaluated by a single radiologist to determine the frequency of CAC. An analysis of associated factors, such as age, sex, time spent in hemodialysis, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, biochemical parameters, and other systemic diseases, was also performed.ResultsThe presence of CAC in patients with CKD, as determined on the basis of panoramic radiography, was 15.9%. The χ2 test revealed that there was a statistically significant association between certain factors, such as age, sex, and diabetes mellitus, and the presence of CAC (P 
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
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Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
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Source: Ageing Research Reviews - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Cardiology Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol J Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Invasive Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Invasive Cardiol Source Type: research
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