Presence and associated factors of carotid artery calcification detected by digital panoramic radiography in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis

Publication date: Available online 24 April 2018Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral RadiologyAuthor(s): Paulo Raphael Leite Maia, Ana Miryam C. Medeiros, Hallissa S.G. Pereira, Kenio C. Lima, Patrícia T. OliveiraObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate the presence and associated factors of carotid artery calcification (CAC) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis.Study DesignA total of 309 panoramic radiographs of patients with CKD (180 men and 129 women; mean age 43.7 years) undergoing hemodialysis were evaluated by a single radiologist to determine the frequency of CAC. An analysis of associated factors, such as age, sex, time spent in hemodialysis, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, biochemical parameters, and other systemic diseases, was also performed.ResultsThe presence of CAC in patients with CKD, as determined on the basis of panoramic radiography, was 15.9%. The χ2 test revealed that there was a statistically significant association between certain factors, such as age, sex, and diabetes mellitus, and the presence of CAC (P 
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Authors: Vallianou NG, Mitesh S, Gkogkou A, Geladari E Abstract Chronic Kidney Disease is a growing health burden world widely. Traditional and mutual risk factors between CVD and CKD are age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, tobacco use, family history and male gender. In this review, we will focus on whether or not early CKD is an important risk factor for the presence, severity and progression of CVD. Specifically, we will examine both traditional and novel risk factors of both CKD and CVD and how they relate to each other. We will also assess if early treatment of CKD, intensive compared to standa...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Conclusions: The incidence of death without stroke was 9-fold higher than that of stroke, leading to biased estimates of stroke risk with traditional time-to-event methods. Statistical methods that appropriately account for competing risks should be used to mitigate this bias.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 25, Issue 2Author(s): Vikram Patney, Kunal Chaudhary, Adam Whaley-ConnellThe global incidence and prevalence of diabetes continues to expand due primarily to the influences of obesity and the contribution of obesity to the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes has driven an increase in rates of CKD in the past 3 decades in the United States. In turn, so have the rates for complications related to type 2 diabetes including CKD, eg, diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Although incident rates for DKD have stab...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Gerontology, Volume 12, Issue 2Author(s): Feng-Ching Liao, Chia-Ying Hsiao, Chuan-Lei Chao, Chun-Han Cheng, Meng-Ruey Wu, Min-I. Su, Chun-Yen Chen, Kung-Te WangSummaryBackgroundThe influence of renal impairment on long-term mortality in Taiwanese patients with an ICD was uncertain. The aim of our study was to examine the impact of moderate to severe CKD on outcome in patients with ICD implantation for secondary prevention in Taiwan.MethodsFrom 2005 to 2013, patients who underwent ICD implantation who were survivors of sudden cardiac arrest or unstable hemodynamics...
Source: International Journal of Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2018Source: Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)Author(s): Maria Mahmood, Gregory Y.H. LipAbstractBoth atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are highly prevalent, especially with increasing age and associated comorbidities, such as hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, and vascular disease. The relationship between both AF and CKD seems to be bidirectional: CKD predisposes to AF while onset of AF seems to lead to progression of CKD. Stroke prevention is the cornerstone of AF management, and AF patients with CKD are at higher risk of ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2018Source: Seminars in Cell &Developmental BiologyAuthor(s): Robert L. ChevalierAbstractThere is a global epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) characterized by a progressive loss of nephrons, ascribed in large part to a rising incidence of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. There is a ten-fold variation in nephron number at birth in the general population, and a 50% overall decrease in nephron number in the last decades of life. The vicious cycle of nephron loss stimulating hypertrophy by remaining nephrons and resulting in glomerulosclerosis h...
Source: Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and InfectionAuthor(s): Ing-Kit Lee, Ching-Jung Hsieh, Chien-Te Lee, Jien-Wei LiuAbstractBackground/purposeThe impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) on clinical severity of dengue has not been fully understood. We aimed to assess risk factors for dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome (DSS) and severe dengue (SD) (defined based on the World Health Organization 1997 and 2009 dengue classifications), and additionally identify, among DM2 patients, who are at risk for developing DHF/DSS and severe dengue.MethodsA retr...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 25, Issue 2Author(s): Vikram Patney, Kunal Chaudhary, Adam Whaley-ConnellThe global incidence and prevalence of diabetes continues to expand due primarily to the influences of obesity and the contribution of obesity to the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes has driven an increase in rates of CKD in the past 3 decades in the United States. In turn, so have the rates for complications related to type 2 diabetes including CKD, eg, diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Although incident rates for DKD have stab...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Gerontology, Volume 12, Issue 2Author(s): Feng-Ching Liao, Chia-Ying Hsiao, Chuan-Lei Chao, Chun-Han Cheng, Meng-Ruey Wu, Min-I. Su, Chun-Yen Chen, Kung-Te WangSummaryBackgroundThe influence of renal impairment on long-term mortality in Taiwanese patients with an ICD was uncertain. The aim of our study was to examine the impact of moderate to severe CKD on outcome in patients with ICD implantation for secondary prevention in Taiwan.MethodsFrom 2005 to 2013, patients who underwent ICD implantation who were survivors of sudden cardiac arrest or unstable hemodynamics...
Source: International Journal of Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2018Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral RadiologyAuthor(s): Paulo Raphael Leite Maia, Ana Miryam C. Medeiros, Hallissa S.G. Pereira, Kenio C. Lima, Patrícia T. OliveiraObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate the presence and associated factors of carotid artery calcification (CAC) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis.Study DesignA total of 309 panoramic radiographs of patients with CKD (180 men and 129 women; mean age 43.7 years) undergoing hemodialysis were evaluated by a single radiologist to determine ...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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