Associations Between Sleep Habits and Dysglycemia in Adults in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Publication date: April 2018Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 42, Issue 2Author(s): Katherina C. Chojnacki, Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Michael C. Riddell, Chris I. ArdernAbstractObjectivesTo examine the independent and joint associations between sleep duration and quality with glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels and dysglycemia in non-institutionalized adults living in the United States.MethodsData from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2008) were used (N=9478; ≥20 years). Information on sleep quantity and quality were derived from the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire and used to classify sleep quality as good, fair, poor, or very poor.ResultsOverall, sleep quantity and quality were related to A1C levels in our unadjusted models. In general, a U-shaped relationship between sleep quantity and A1C levels was observed. Compared to those who slept for 7 to 8 hours per night, sleeping for 4 hours or fewer was associated with higher A1C levels (mean, 95% CI; 5.49%, 5.45 to 5.53 vs. 5.69%, 5.60 to 5.77; p
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractIntroductionThe burden of diabetes, its potential complications, and related self-care activities can induce negative psychosocial effects in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). This prospective cohort study investigated the psychosocial benefits associated with 3  months of FreeStyle Libre (FSL) flash glucose monitoring use in young adults with T1DM in Saudi Arabia.MethodsPatients completed the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaires at baseline and 3  months. HbA1c, number of confirmed hypoglycemia episodes per month, and frequency of blood g...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Nocturia impairs quality of life (QoL). We have performed a non-interventional study in which men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were treated for at least 3 months with tamsulosin oral controlled absorption system (0.4 mg q.d.). Other than observing efficacy and tolerability of this drug formulation, the study was designed to explore the relative roles of number of nocturia episodes and of non-urological causes of nocturia on nocturia-related QoL at baseline and treatment-associated changes thereof. The study enrolled 5775 men seeking treatment of their LUTS. Tamsulosin improved LUTS, e.g. International Prostate ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe effect of OAB symptoms and sleep disturbance on indoor fall events was significant. The causal relationship between OAB and falls needs further study.
Source: LUTS: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesPrimary objective: to evaluate the efficacy of melatonin as a prophylactic treatment on prevention of symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection among healthcare workers at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 exposure.Secondary objectives:To evaluate the efficacy of melatonin as a prophylactic treatment on prevention of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection.To evaluate the efficacy of melatonin to prevent the development of severe COVID-19 in the participants enrolled in this study who develop SARS-CoV-2 infection along the trial.To evaluate the duration of COVID-19 symptoms in participants receiving melatonin before the infection...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
DiscussionThe results from this review will provide important information about the types of smartphone-based approaches currently available to measure the core behavioural risk factors for chronic disease and the quality of their measurement properties. It will allow recommendations on the most suitable and effective measures of these lifestyle behaviours using smartphones. Valid and reliable measurement of these behaviours and risk factor opens the door to targeted and real-time delivery of health behaviour interventions, providing unprecedented opportunities to offset the trajectory toward chronic disease.Systematic rev...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
aacute;lez J. Alfredo Martínez Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is a subjective appreciation of how personal characteristics and health influence well-being. This cross-sectional analysis aimed to quantitatively measure the influence of dietary, lifestyle, and demographic factors on HRQoL. A sub-sample of the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Project, a Mediterranean cohort, was analyzed (n = 15,674). Through self-administered questionnaires the relationship between HRQoL and dietary patterns (Mediterranean-diet (MedDiet) and provegetarian food pattern (FP) assessment), lifestyles (sleeping hours,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Effects of Cardiac Sympathetic Neurodegeneration and PPARγ Activation on Rhesus Macaque Whole Blood miRNA and mRNA Expression Profiles. Biomed Res Int. 2020;2020:9426204 Authors: Metzger JM, Lopez MS, Schmidt JK, Murphy ME, Vemuganti R, Emborg ME Abstract Degeneration of sympathetic innervation of the heart occurs in numerous diseases, including diabetes, idiopathic REM sleep disorder, and Parkinson's disease (PD). In PD, cardiac sympathetic denervation occurs in 80-90% of patients and can begin before the onset of motor symptoms. Today, there are no disease-modifying therapies for cardiac sympa...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Annals of the American Thoracic Society,Volume 17, Issue 6, Page 754-761, June 2020.
Source: Annals of the American Thoracic Society - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract STUDY OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle changes decrease blood pressure (BP) levels by 3-5 mmHg in hypertensive patients. We assessed the effect of mid-day sleep on BP levels in hypertensive patients. METHODS: We prospectively studied two hundred and twelve hypertensive patients. Mid-day sleep duration (minutes), lifestyle habits, anthropometric characteristics, office BP, ambulatory BP monitoring, pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AI) were recorded. A standard echocardiographic evaluation was performed. RESULTS: 53.8% were females, mean age was 62.5±11.0 years and mean body mass index w...
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research
This study was aimed to identify the prevalence of sleep disorders as a modifiable lifestyle factor among diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 190 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who referred to the Internal Medicine Clinic of the Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran from 2016 to 2017. A demographic questionnaire and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Assessment questionnaire (sleep disorder was defined as scores higher than 5) was filled for each subject. Blood tests including haemoglobin A1 C (Hb A1C), fasting blood sugar (FBS) and 2 hour post prandial glucose as well as th...
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Curr Diabetes Rev Source Type: research
More News: Canada Health | Diabetes | Endocrinology | Nutrition | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | USA Health