An Update on Hypertension in Children With Type 1 Diabetes

Publication date: April 2018Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 42, Issue 2Author(s): Mallory L. Downie, Emma H. Ulrich, Damien G. NooneAbstractThe prevalence of hypertension in children with type 1 diabetes is reported to be between 6% and 16%. This potentially modifiable cardiovascular risk factor may go undiagnosed and undertreated, particularly in children with type 1 diabetes. Recent updated Canadian clinical practice guidelines recommend blood pressure screening every 2 years in children with type 1 diabetes as well as routine use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Risk factors for hypertension in type 1 diabetes include poor glycemic control, overweight and obesity and genetic predisposition for hypertension. In terms of pathophysiology, sustained hyperglycemia, angiotensin I and II and inflammatory cytokines have been implicated. Endothelial and vascular dysfunction, with impaired endothelial-dependent vasodilation and increased carotid artery intima-media thickness, are evident in preclinical and clinical studies of children and not just in adults with type 1 diabetes. Early targeted therapy is critical to the control of hypertension and the development of related morbidity. As with hypertension in adults with type 1 diabetes, lifestyle modifications remain first-line therapy, including diet and glycemic control. Initial antihypertensive therapy should be an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker because of their ass...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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While the global prevalence of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus is similar in men and women, the consequences of diabetes on associated end-organ complications, including diabetic kidney disease appear to be more sex-specific. Particularly, women with diabetes have higher mortality rates for diabetes-related deaths, and higher prevalence of diabetic kidney disease risk factors such as hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia. However, the evidence for the impact of sex on diabetic kidney disease prevalence and disease progression is limited and inconsistent.
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Thematic review on women's health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There has been a marked reduction in microvascular complications in Waikato youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes, but the reasons for the reduction are not clear given there has been no significant improvements in glycaemic control. PMID: 32078599 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Of Interest Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractIntroductionThe main objective of this research was to evaluate the association of insulin resistance (IR) with micro- and macrovascular complications, sex hormones, and other clinical data.MethodsCross-sectional study of patients older than 18  years old with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) was performed. Participants filled in questionnaires about T1D, disease duration, smoking, glycemic control, chronic diabetes complications, and hypertension status. Data about chronic diabetic complications (neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy) were collected from medical records. History of major cardiovascular even...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Quality of life increases significantly after surgery with a reduction of pain and swelling and decreased tendency to easy bruising. The high prevalence of hypothyroidism in lipedema patients could be related to the frequently observed lipedema-associated obesity. The low prevalence of diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension appears to be a specific characteristic distinguishing lipedema from lifestyle-induced obesity.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive: Lower Extremity: Original Articles Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, AT1-AAs were detected in the sera of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and the positive rate was 44.44% vs. 17.46% in non-PAD volunteers. In addition, analysis showed that AT1-AAs level was positively correlated with PAD. To reveal the causal relationship between AT1-AAs and vascular aging, an AT1-AAs-positive rat model was established by active immunization. The carotid pulse wave velocity was higher, and the aortic endothelium-dependent vasodilatation was attenuated significantly in the immunized rats. Morphological staining showed thickening of the aortic wall. Histological examination showe...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Patients with psoriasis expressing the C allele of AT1R1166 are susceptible to developing metabolic syndrome and have higher PASI scores as compared with patients carrying the A allele. PMID: 31571968 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol Source Type: research
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