Application of computer-assisted navigation systems in oral and maxillofacial surgery
This report presents an overview and feasible applications of available navigation systems with a focus on the clinical feasibility of the application of navigation systems in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery and solutions to current problems.
ConclusionOrofacial pain is a common complaint among the patients that come to a dentistry appointment, which may have different diagnosis and treatments. A positive effect on the patient’s symptomatology was confirmed clinically on subsequent dental appointments and monitored by infrared thermography.
In conclusion, constitutive model proposed accurately reproduce the mecha nical response of the TMJ soft tissues at different strain rates and stretch directions.
AbstractGiant cell-rich lesions represent a heterogeneous group of tumors and non-neoplastic lesions, usually arising in bone, which harbor varying number of reactive osteoclastic-type multinucleate giant cells as a common feature. Among these entities, some are confined to the head and neck region (e.g., central giant cell granuloma and mimicking lesions, i.e., peripheral giant cell granuloma and cherubism) or show a relative predilection for this region (e.g., aneurysmal bone cyst and brown tumor of hyperparathyroidism), while others are rare but associated with distinct underlying disease (e.g., giant cell tumor of bone...
Total joint replacement (TJR) is the recommended treatment for end stage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease. The goal of treatment is to help return to acceptable function with improvement of maximum incisal opening (MIO) and reduction of pain. When a prosthetic joint shows late complications, the surgical management is open with debridement, cultures and prosthetic replacement as options. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the early outcomes of arthroscopic management of failing prosthetic temporomandibular joints (PTMJ).
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is well innervated by braches of the trigeminal nerve. The temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) can cause neural-inflammation in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) at the ...
End-stage disease of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be managed successfully with alloplastic total replacements, but these can fail because of allergy, infection, wear, fracture, and heterotopic development of bone. We prospectively reviewed the outcome data of all patients who required revision of previously placed replacement joints between 2004 and 2016. Data included pain and diet scores using 100mm visual analogue scales (VAS), and interincisal distance recorded before, and at six weeks, six months and 12 months after operation.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction is traditionally invasive. Several investigators have developed animal models, including mouse models, to study the TMJ. However, there are no detailed descriptions of a mouse model to be followed for additional research. The goal of this project was to study minimally invasive TMJ regeneration using tissue engineering in mice. As part of the project, a detailed mouse model was developed, which is described in this article. Eight carcasses were used to study the anatomy of the TMJ of the mouse and 36 mice were used to describe the surgical approach and perioperative management.
ConclusionsPatients who underwent mandibular advancement combined with orthodontic treatment, following functional splint therapy, exhibited a stable mandibular position at the 1-year follow-up. This study indicated that functional splint therapy prior to orthognathic surgery for mandibular advancement may be a good adjuvant treatment for ICR patients.
This study assesses the effectiveness of eminectomy in the management of chronic closed lock, refractory to conservative medical management in the largest multi-centred study of its kind in the UK, with a cohort of 167 patients. Temporomandibular mandibular joint disorder affects 30% of adults in the UK. Chronic closed lock is a well-documented sub-type.MethodA retrospective study of patients with refractory closed lock was carried out, where conservative management had been implemented for a minimum of 6 months. Refractory patients were offered eminectomy at three separate centres over a period from 1995 to 2011. Th...