Long-Term Outcomes for Patients With Stroke After Coronary and Valve Surgery

In this study, we analyzed the long-term medical and surgical outcomes of stroke after cardiac surgery.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective, nationwide, population-based study. All enrolled patients underwent first-time cardiac surgery and were further divided into the subgroups of nonstroke, stroke with medical treatment, and stroke with neurosurgical treatment. All-cause mortality, recurrent stroke, and readmission were analyzed.ResultsWe included 67,051 patients in this study. Patients with postoperative stroke (2.6%, n = 1,731) exhibited an in-hospital mortality rate of 12.3% (n = 213) and a 5-year mortality rate of 49.1% (n = 850). Unprecedentedly, the 83 patients who underwent neurosurgical procedures exhibited an in-hospital mortality of 16.9%; this rate increased to 65.1% at the 5-year follow-up. This neurosurgical subgroup exhibited the highest rate of long-term mortality (p
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

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AbstractPurposeMalignant carotid body tumor (CBT) is a rare disorder with poor prognosis. In this article, we presented the clinical features and surgical management of malignant CBTs at our department, aiming to improve the outcome for treating such lesions.MethodsA retrospective analysis (2005 –2018) of CBT excisions at our institution was performed. About 195 patients with CBTs were identified, among which 11 patients with eleven malignant CBTs were identified and carefully reviewed. Data obtained included demographics, radiological details, intra-operative details, post-operative morb idity, and long-term outcome...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractThe initial clinical status after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an important outcome predictor, but the mechanisms behind the early brain injury (EBI) remains incompletely understood. Elevated neurofilament levels in the cerebrospinal fluid at protracted stages after SAH are associated with poor outcome, but the potential association between plasma neurofilament (pNfL) levels during EBI, disease severity on admission, and poor outcome remains unaddressed. Plasma NfL (pNfL) was measured by single molecule array in 44 SAH patients on admission and 24  h after ictus, as well as in 44 controls. Disease severity...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study assessed the efficacy of a pro-thrombotic VTA targeting phosphatidylserine (PS) in a radiation-primed AVM animal model. The model AVM was surgically created in rats by anastomosis of the left external jugular vein to the adjacent common carotid artery. After 6  weeks, the AVM was irradiated (20 Gy) using gamma knife surgery (GKS). A PS-targeting VTA was created by conjugation of annexin V with human thrombin and administered intravenously 3 weeks post-GKS or sham. Unconjugated thrombin was used as a non-targeting control. AVM thrombosis and occlusion w as monitored 3 weeks later by angiograph...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, the authors proposed that pretreatment systolic blood pressure is a simple predictor of symptomatic and asymptomatic hemorrhagic infarction (HI) post intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). To validate their finding, they have further compared the pretreatment systolic BP with Glucose Race Age Sex Pressure Stroke Severity (GRASPS) and Totaled Health Risks in Vascular Events (THRIVE) scores and suggested that pretreatment systolic BP is a better predictor of postthrombolysis hemorrhage, and proposed a cut off for 160 mm Hg.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
ConclusionCognitive impairment and dementia affected almost one-third of patients, whether assessed pre or post ICH.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe best strategy in atrial fibrillation (AF) after  >  12 months after an acute coronary syndrome or in patients with chronic coronary syndrome without an indication for interventional revascularization remains unclear. European guidelines generally recommend therapy with oral anticoagulation (OAC) alone, whereas North American guidelines advise com bination therapy consisting of OAC plus antiplatelet therapy in some patients. We performed a meta-analysis of available trials comparing these treatment strategies. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), secondary endp...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionSymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) following systemic thrombolysis for ischemic stroke is often devastating, and open surgical evacuation is considered dangerous due to the increased risk of perioperative bleeding, and stereotactic placement of a catheter is too time-consuming. We therefore evaluated the feasibility of a free-hand bedside catheter technique for emergency hematoma evacuation.MethodsPatients who had a supratentorial sICH after thrombolysis, a hematoma volume  >  30 ml, and an ensuing reduction in vigilance were consecutively treated with acute minimally inva...
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Volume depletion as an adverse events (AE) caused by sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) because of their diuretic effect may raise the concern about the risk of lacunar stroke; however, an earlier meta-analysis reported no significant increase in the incidence of stroke without clearly distinguishing stroke subtypes. Here, aiming to investigate subtype-wise reporting of stroke potentially related to SGLT2i treatment, we conducted a disproportionality analysis using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database, which contains approximately 500 000 cases recorded between April 2004 a...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Patients who present emergently with focal neurological deficits concerning for acute ischemic stroke can be extremely challenging to diagnose and treat. Unnecessary administration of thrombolytics to potential stroke patients whose symptoms are not caused by an acute ischemic stroke —stroke mimics—may result in patient harm, although the overall risk of hemorrhagic complications among stroke mimics is low.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Communications: Adult Source Type: research
AbstractSeveral studies have explored the use of NOACs compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and atrial fibrillation (AF); and therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety outcomes of NOACs with VKAs in this population. We systematically searched the PubMed and Embase databases until August 5, 2019 for studies that compared the effect of NOACs with VKAs in patients with HCM and AF. The risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled using a random-effects model. A total of four observational studies were included in this meta-analysis. Over...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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