CXCL13 concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis and other neurological disorders determined by Luminex and ELISA
Publication date: July 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, Volume 9, Issue 5Author(s): Mateusz Markowicz, Anna-Margarita Schötta, Michael Kundi, Petra Bogovič, Katarina Ogrinc, Franc Strle, Gerold StanekAbstractThe aims of the study were to determine and compare the concentration of CXCL13 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) and various other neurological disorders applying a Luminex based assay and ELISA, and to find factors associated with CXCL13 concentration. CSF samples obtained from four clinically well-defined groups of patients (proven LNB, suspected LNB, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), and aseptic meningitis/meningoencephalitis other than TBE) – 25 samples per group – were analyzed. The performance of the Luminex recomBead CXCL13 assay (Microgen, Neuried, Germany) and ELISA (Euroimmun, Lübeck, Germany) was assessed by receiver operating characteristics. CXCL13 cut-off values were presented as functions of CSF lymphocyte/monocyte counts. Demographic variables, CSF findings, and history of erythema migrans were assessed as possible predictors for CXCL13 CSF concentrations by a general linear model. The calculated cut-off values determined by the maximum of the Youden index were>131 pg/mL for recomBead and>259 pg/mL for the ELISA. RecomBead showed a sensitivity of 88% (68.8–97.5%) and a specificity of 94% (83.5–98.7%). For the ELISA the corresponding values were 84% (63.9–95.5...
CONCLUSION: In this study, no influence of tear substitutes containing different viscosities of hyaluronic acid on the measurement results of optical coherence tomography could be determined. Therefore, 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3% hyaluronic acid can be applied to the patient to improve the corneal surface before the examination with optical coherence tomography, without influencing the measurement results of optical coherence tomography. PMID: 33036058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: (1) Data at our center suggests at least a regional implementation gap in GBS screening and IAP. (2) The decline in the resistance rate ofE. coli for all antimicrobial substances might indicate that the reduction of prenatal antibiotics use is beneficial and that neonatal antibiotic stewardship programs should include pregnant women as well.What is Known:• GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis led to a 32%-reduction in GBS disease in Germany with a 0.75 (92:122) ratio of early-onset disease to late-onset disease in 2009–2010.• Prenatal antibiotic use might increase the risk of E....
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): G. Alvarez Bravo, L. RamióTorrentà
Authors: Jang Y, Kim DW, Yang KI, Byun JI, Seo JG, No YJ, Kang KW, Kim D, Kim KT, Cho YW, Lee ST, Drug Committee of Korean Epilepsy Society Abstract Autoimmune epilepsy is a newly emerging area of epilepsy. The concept of "autoimmune" as an etiology has recently been revisited thanks to advances in autoimmune encephalitis and precision medicine with immunotherapies. Autoimmune epilepsy presents with specific clinical manifestations, and various diagnostic approaches including cerebrospinal fluid analysis, neuroimaging, and autoantibody tests are essential for its differential diagnosis. The diagnosis is o...
Authors: Spiegel DR, O'Connell K, Stocker G, Slater J, Spiegel A PMID: 33031649 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: February 2021Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 71Author(s): Lea Nemeth, Katharina Werker, Julia Arend, Frank Lipowsky
Conclusion. Of the top 100 most cited articles on SDA, cervical papers outnumbered lumbar articles and the United States had 55 articles, with no other countries having more than 10. Our paper can help readers determine which of the thousands of articles on this topic are the most impactful and important ones to be familiar with. Level of Evidence: 3
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Nathan VanderVeen, Nikki Nguyen, Kenny Hoang, Jason Parviz, Tahuriah Khan, Andrew Zhen, Brett W. Jagger
In conclusion, in this database study of elderly patients coded with NAFLD no independent association with incident dementia was detected. Risk assessment regarding dementia in patients with NAFLD should be carried out in the same way as for metabolic burdened patients.