Direct head injury caused by a tear gas cartridge. Questions on safety: a case report from Iraq and review of the literature - Alhillo HT, Arnaout MM, Radhi HS, Al-Dhahir MA, Moscote-Salazar LR, Hoz SS.

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Primary injuries from tear gas weapons include injuries to the visual and respiratory systems and skin. However, few studies have reported direct mechanical brain injuries from tear gas weapons. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old male ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: TBI Source Type: news

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Head injury is the most common cause of child traumatology. However, there exist no treatment guidelines in children having intracranial lesions due to minor or moderate head trauma. There is little knowledge about monitoring, clinical exacerbation risk fa...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that, in recreational athletes who sustain a head injury, helmet use is associated with a reduced risk of hospitalization (all sports) and intracranial haemorrhage (cyclists). PMID: 30234396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Conclusion: Major depressive disorder was associated with persistent volume reductions in the deep nuclei and insula and with enlargements in visual cortex subregions; alterations varied according to age of onset and genotype. PMID: 30226714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research
ConclusionICA pseudoaneurysms in the sphenoid sinus are uncommon. To accurately identify ICA pseudoaneurysms, collaboration between otolaryngologists and imaging specialists is essential. On the other hand, both surgical and interventional treatments can achieve good results; therefore, otolaryngologists should enhance their cooperation with neurosurgery and intervention departments. Accurate diagnosis and rapid treatment are keys to managing ICA pseudoaneurysms.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionRisk of intracranial hemorrhage in patients with minimal head injury was very low, and even in patients found to have an intracranial hemorrhage, none had any serious adverse outcome (eg, death, intubation, prolonged hospitalization, surgical procedure). The Canadian CT Head Rule was 100% sensitive in this small cohort of patients with minimal head injury. Among our study cohort, which specifically included only patients who had CT scanning, applying the Canadian CT Head Rule may have reduced the need for CT, potentially saving costs and resources. However, because many patients with minimal head injury who prese...
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
The aim of this study is to assess the incidence of post traumatic BPPV and evaluate its treatment outcomes in mild and moderate traumatic head injury patients. The study population consisted of 128 patients (89 male:39 female) who were admitted with head ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Well recognized guidelines are available for the use of cranial computed tomography (CCT) in traumatic patients, while no definitely accepted standards exists to for CCT in patients without history of head injury. The aim of this study is to propose an easy clinical score to stratify the need of CCT in emergency department (ED) patients with suspect non-traumatic intracranial pathology.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 379, Issue 12, Page 1176-1178, September 2018.
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThere are limited data available to characterize the risk of adverse outcome in patients receiving direct oral anticoagulants after mild traumatic brain injury. A sufficiently powered prospective cohort study is required to validly define this risk, identify clinical features predictive of adverse outcome, and inform future head injury guidelines.
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
We present a rare case of a 63-year-old male who developed pituitary apoplexy (PA) after sustaining a closed head injury from assault with a metal pole. The patient had a known pituitary tumor for which he had previously declined surgical resection. On initial CT scan, there was no traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage. There was sellar expansion but no obvious sellar hemorrhage. Within 48 hours of admission the patient was presumed septic after developing altered mental status, fevers, hypotension and tachycardia.
Source: World Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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