Direct head injury caused by a tear gas cartridge. Questions on safety: a case report from Iraq and review of the literature - Alhillo HT, Arnaout MM, Radhi HS, Al-Dhahir MA, Moscote-Salazar LR, Hoz SS.

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Primary injuries from tear gas weapons include injuries to the visual and respiratory systems and skin. However, few studies have reported direct mechanical brain injuries from tear gas weapons. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old male ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: TBI Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: These findings highlight a significant association between head injury and actual/assessed risk in forensic psychiatry, over and above that of substance misuse and a diagnosis of schizophrenia, emphasising the need for routine assessment of head injury in clinical practice. Further examination of the impact of head injury in forensic psychiatric populations is needed. PMID: 30507315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
In this study, we wanted to examine if selected CSF biomarkers (GFAP, NFL, and myelin basic protein - MBP) of head injury may be useful in post-mortem examination and diagnosis of forensic cases. The study was carried out using cases of head injury and cases of sudden death (cardiopulmonary failure, no injuries of the head as control group) provided by forensic pathologists at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw. Cerebrospinal fluid was collected within 24 h after death using suboccipital puncture. The concentration of these peptides was compared using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELI...
Source: Folia Neuropathologica - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Folia Neuropathol Source Type: research
Evidence-based guidelines for the management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in the emergency department (ED) are now widely available, and yet, clinical practice remains inconsistent with the guidelines...
Source: Implementation Science - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe first 24  hours were confirmed to be critical for survival in pelvic fracture patients. Advancing age, associated soft tissue injury, associated head injury, admission to ICU, and positive FAST examination can serve as reliable predictors for an elevated mortality risk in such patients.
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Although there is a large body of research on head injury (HI) inflicted by caregivers in young children, little is known about intentional HI in older children and inflicted HI by perpetrators other than carers. Therefore, we set out to describ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate utility and equivalence of Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive (AVPU) scale in children with head injury. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: UK hospital admissions: September 2009-February 2...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
The correlation between direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) or Vitamin K Antagonist (VKAs) intake and the incidence of intracranial complications after minor head injury (MHI) is still object of debate: preliminary observation seems to demonstrate lower incidence in intracranial bleeding complications (ICH) in patients taking DOACs than VKA. METHODS. This prospective and observational study was performed to clarify the incidence of ICH in patients in DOACs compared to VKAs. Between January 2016 and April 2018 we have recorded in our ED patients with MHI taking oral anticoagulants.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a form of inflicted head injury. AHT is more frequent in 2-year-old or younger children. It is an important cause of neurological impairment and the major cause of death from head trauma in this age group. Brain magnetic resonance imaging allows the depiction of retinal hemorrhages, injured bridging veins, and identifying and localizing extra- and intra-axial bleeds, contusions, lacerations, and strokes. The diagnosis of AHT is a multidisciplinary team effort which includes a careful evaluation of social, clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings. Notwithstanding, the introduction in the ...
Source: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions Using these predictors, subsequent exacerbation may be predicted just after arrival at the hospital and appropriate treatment can be provided immediately.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions Some infants can present with the onset of stroke-like symptoms after minor head injuries. Presence of linear calcifications of the basal ganglia noticed on brain computed tomography in many of these patients suggests that mineralizing angiopathy may be a predisposing factor for lenticulostriate stroke after minor closed head injury in infants. Brain magnetic resonance imaging to further delineate possible cerebral infarction is indicated.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Illustrative Cases Source Type: research
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