Minor Ossicular Anomalies in the Middle Ear: Role of Submillimeter Multislice Computed Tomography

ConclusionsSubmillimeter CT improved detectability of anomalies of the stapedial superstructure; however, it is still difficult to identify abnormalities of the footplate.
Source: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography - Category: Radiology Tags: Neuroradiology Source Type: research

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A 2-year-old cyanotic child underwent echocardiography which revealed criss-cross heart and truncus arteriosus. CT Angiography done to confirm the diagnosis revealed aortic atresia with hypoplastic ascending aorta and proximal aortic arch (white arrow) with dilated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) reforming the distal aortic arch (Figure 1a-b). The coronary arteries were arising from the hypoplastic aortic sinuses. There was also a supero-inferior relationship of ventricles with the presence of a horizontal interventricular septum and a ventricular septal defect.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
We report a 3-year-old boy with recurrent hemoptysis for 2 years. The child had tachycardia, tachypnea, tender hepatomegaly, and left-sided decreased air entry with crepitations. Coagulation and Koch's workup was negative. X-ray of the chest showed a small left hemithorax. Computed tomography with angiography showed left unilateral PVA with pulmonary artery hypoplasia and dysplastic left lung. The child has been posted for left pneumonectomy. Although uncommon, PVA should be diagnosed early to prevent life-threatening complications such as hemoptysis and pulmonary hypertension. The patient can be managed conservatively...
Source: Lung India - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of using cardiothoracic CT for quantification of the initial right ventricle (RV) dimensions in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) and a hypoplastic RV and to compare these measurements with those obtained in a control group with CHD without a hypoplastic RV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial RV dimensions, including RV volumes, RV/left ventricle (LV) volume ratios, atrioventricular valve annulus diameter ratios, and RV/LV length ratios based on CT data, were collected from 57 infants with CHD and a hypoplastic RV (hypoplastic RV group; age range, 1 day...
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
Rationale: Cochlear implantation (CI) in CHARGE syndrome is technically challenging because of the anatomical anomalies. This case aims to report a successful case of CI in CHARGE syndrome by using the modified transcanal approach with external auditory canal (EAC) obliteration. Patient concerns: The 3-year-old girl presented at the outpatient department with bilateral hearing loss and nasal obstruction since birth. Diagnosis: The patient had bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, patent ductus arteriosus, atresia of the choanae, middle and inner ear anomalies, and growth retardation, fulfilling the criteri...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Congenital TEFs without esophageal atresia are rare but may occur more frequently than previously documented in literature. Careful history is required to suspect the diagnoses, as most patients will present with coughing associated with solid or liquids, recurrent unexplained pulmonary infections and complaints with eating. Some patients may show signs of chronic airway changes from recurrent aspiration pneumonia at the time of presentation. Diagnosis is challenging, with multiple imaging modalities including x ray, CT scan and esophogram able to identify a fistula.
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Pediatric Radiology Source Type: research
A two-year-old male child with cyanosis and failure to thrive underwent cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA). Review of images revealed visceroatrial situs solitus, tricuspid atresia (TA), hypoplastic right ventricle (RV), infundibular pulmonary stenosis (PS), atrial (ASD) and ventricular (VSD) septal defects. Interestingly, the right sided superior vena cava (RSVC) was absent and an isolated left sided SVC (LSVC) formed the sole cranio-cervical venous drainage to the systemic venous (right) atrium via coronary sinus (CS).
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Kosuke Fujibayashi, Yasuhiko Saeki, Jun Sawaguchi, Yuushi Yasuda, Eiichi Ueno, Shintaro Takano, Nakaba Fujioka, Yasuyuki Kawai, Kouji KajinamiAbstractCoronary sinus ostial atresia is rare and usually not clinically relevant, but it should be noted in cases of cardiac resynchronization therapy. A rare case of successful left ventricular lead implantation for cardiac resynchronization therapy via the left superior vena cava in a patient with coronary sinus ostial atresia is reported. The persistent left superior vena cava associa...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: we propose the description of large sample of pediatric patients with congenital bronchopulmonary malformations, followed from one Center. Chest CT and LTBS are important investigation in congenital airway anomalies.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric bronchology Source Type: research
Conclusions: RME promotes a significant gain in the surface area of the palate and an increase in intermolar width. The Hyrax appliance was effective for the treatment of maxillary atresia in growing patients. There was no vertical alteration of the palate . After a 6-month retention period, the maxilla transverse dimension and the surface area of the palate remained stable.RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi estimar a altera ção na área do palato após expansão rápida da maxila (ERM) com o expansor Hyrax em indivíduos em crescimento, utilizando tomografia comp...
Source: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
The aim of this article was to review computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect. This disorder is a rare complex congenital heart disease. Preoperative imaging of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect with computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography is important for complete anatomical delineation and planning for treatment. Preoperative imaging used for assessment of the main pulmonary artery (its size, valve, and confluence), aortopulmonary collaterals (its origin, insertion, course, and size), presence of paten...
Source: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography - Category: Radiology Tags: Cardiothoracic Imaging Source Type: research
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