Risk of gallstones in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a nationwide observational cohort study.

Risk of gallstones in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a nationwide observational cohort study. Sleep Breath. 2018 Jul 07;: Authors: Chen CH, Lin CL, Hsu CY, Kao CH Abstract PURPOSE: To assess the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and gallstones. METHODS: We identified 3827 patients aged ≥ 20 years with OSA between 2000 and 2010 from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Research Database 2000 (LHID2000) as the study cohort. The beneficiaries without OSA were randomly selected and propensity-matched with the study cohort in a 1:1 ratio according to age; sex; occupation; urbanization; comorbidities of hypothyroidism, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, liver cirrhosis, alcohol-related illness, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, stroke, coronary artery disease (CAD), hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus; and the index year. All patients were followed until the end of 2011 or withdrawal from the National Health Insurance program to determine the incidence of gallstones. RESULTS: The prevalence of OSA was higher in men (67.3%) and in patients younger than 49 years (57.0%; mean age 47.8 ± 15.1 years). The cumulative incidence of gallstones was higher in the OSA cohort than in the non-OSA cohort (log-rank test, P 
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

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