HCV, but not HIV, is a risk factor for cerebral small vessel disease

Conclusions: This tissue-based analysis of cerebral arteriolar disease demonstrates that HCV constitutes an independent risk, in addition to African American race, hypertension, and cART. Further study is needed to understand what aspects of HCV and cART contribute to cerebrovascular neuropathogenesis.
Source: Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Other cerebrovascular disease/ Stroke, HIV Article Source Type: research

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Authors: Atzema CL, Jackevicius CA, Chong A, Dorian P, Ivers NM, Parkash R, Austin PC Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation frequently seek emergency care. Rates of guideline-concordant oral anticoagulant therapy for stroke prevention are suboptimal in the community. We assessed the association between prescribing of oral anticoagulants in the emergency department (relative to referral to a longitudinal care provider for treatment initiation) and long-term use of oral anticoagulants. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study performed at 15 hospitals in Ontario, Canada, involved patients aged 65...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effect of WDL on lytic human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection. We demonstrate a strong interference with HCMV replication as analyzed in multi-round replication settings. A more detailed analysis of the underlying mechanisms revealed that WDL acts at two distinct steps of the viral replication cycle. During immediate early (IE) times, we observe an inhibition of IE1/IE2 expression. Although WDL was reported to interfere with NF-κB signaling our results suggest the existence of additional mechanisms that impede viral IE expression. During later time points of infection, WDL induced a...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): J. Reintke, K. Brügemann, H. Wagner, P. Engel, A. Wehrend, S. KönigAbstractThere is an increasing economic pressure in sheep production. Hence, it is imperative to use all available tools contributing to improvements in lamb survival. In this regard, there is a lack of studies addressing the impact of maternal body condition traits on lamb performances during lactation. Specifically, the focus of the present study was to analyse associations between ewe traits reflecting maternal energy metabolism and lamb body weight (LB...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results of this randomised controlled trial with assessment of blood pressure and same-day self-reports will provide patients a tool to understand the interplay between blood pressure and lifestyle applicable to primary health care. The self-management support system may be of importance for improved adherence to treatment and persistence to treatment recommendations. PMID: 31814476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
Authors: Morita K, Wang D, Baba R, Morimoto H, Song Y, Kanazawa T, Yoshida Y Abstract Although it is known that desert dust exacerbates allergic diseases, how it affects the onset of autoimmune diseases is unclear. No epidemiological investigations or animal experiments have been conducted so far to elucidate the effects of desert dust on autoimmune diseases. Here, we focused on particulate matter, such Asian sand dust (ASD) that has been known to cause adverse health effects in East Asian countries, and conducted animal experiments to examine how ASD influences type 1 diabetes (T1D), an autoimmune disease. An ASD ...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Authors: Emara M, Mohsen E, Shawky RM, El-Domany RA Abstract The relation between non-organ specific autoantibodies (NOSA) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been investigated within different communities resulting in different prevalence rates and patterns. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of some NOSA such as RF-IgG, ANA, ASMA, and LKM-1 in Egyptian patients with HCV group as compared with Egyptian healthy controls group. A total of 186 HCV positive serum samples in addition to 81 samples from healthy control were screened for the presence of some common autoantibodies (RF-IgG, A...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, e-First Articles. We are currently facing an “obesity epidemic” worldwide. Promoting inefficient metabolism in muscle represents a potential treatment for obesity and its complications. Sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) pumps in muscle are responsible for maintaining low cytosolic Ca2+ concentration through the ATP-depe ndent pumping of Ca2+ from the cytosol into the SR lumen. SERCA activity has the potential to be a critical regulator of body mass and adiposity given that it is estimated to contribute upwards of 20% of daily energy expenditure....
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Qingting Wang, Wenhua Shi, Qianqian Zhang, Wei Feng, Jian Wang, Cui Zhai, Xin Yan, Manxiang LiAbstractAimsIt has been shown that up-regulation of E3 ubiquitin ligase seven-in-absentia-homolog 2 (Siah2) and activation of Hippo signaling pathway effector yes-associated protein (YAP) are involved in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, it is still unclear whether Siah2 activates YAP in MCT-induced PAH rat model.Main methodsIntraperitoneal injection of monocrotaline (MCT) was used to induce PAH rat models. The right...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 57Author(s): XiaoJuan Ding, Zhao LvAbstractEye movement information provides an alternative way for patients with muscular and neurological disorders to communicate with other people or devices. Electrooculography (EOG) is an effective eye movement recording method that has been widely applied to design human–computer interaction systems. In this paper, we propose a simplified Chinese eye-writing system based on EOG (EsCew) by identifying the basic strokes of Chinese characters. Specifically, we first use a bandpass digital filter to...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
In this study, N-methylated peptide inhibitors F-N(Me)H-L, V-N(Me)F-R and R-N(Me)V-Y were synthesized against ACE, NEP and APN respectively, using their respective physiological substrates. F-N(Me)H-L inhibited ACE activity with an IC50 of 83 nmol/L, V-N(Me)F-R inhibited NEP activity with an IC50 of 1.173 μmol/L and R-N(Me)V-Y inhibited APN activity with an IC50 of 3.94 nmol/L respectively. Further, the anti-hypertensive effect of N-methylated peptides was evaluated using rat model of dexamethasone-induced hypertension. Individual peptides and their cocktail treatment were started from day 6 of the ...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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