In vivo and in vitro investigation of anti-inflammatory and mucus-regulatory activities of a fixed combination of thyme and primula extracts

Publication date: August 2018Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &Therapeutics, Volume 51Author(s): Jan Seibel, Kirill Kryshen, Judit E. Pongrácz, Martin D. LehnerAbstractHypersecretion of viscous mucus is one of the hallmark symptoms of acute and chronic bronchitis and typically develops secondary to an inflammation of the airway epithelium. Bronchipret® TP film-coated tablets (BRO), a herbal medicinal product containing a fixed combination of thyme herb and primula root extracts, has been successfully used clinically for the treatment of acute bronchitis for more than two decades. However, the underlying pharmacological mechanisms of action have not been fully understood so far.We investigated the anti-inflammatory and mucus-regulatory effects of orally administered BRO in an animal model of pulmonary inflammation that was experimentally induced by intratracheal LPS instillation. BRO was administered once daily for up to three days following the induction of inflammation. Treatment with BRO effectively inhibited polymorphonuclear cell influx into the lung as well as the increase in mucin 5ac (MUC5AC) protein. Furthermore, the LPS-induced increase of goblet cell numbers was significantly attenuated by BRO treatment.Subsequent in vitro investigations with IL-13 stimulated human primary respiratory epithelium and the Calu-3 respiratory epithelial cell line in air-liquid-interface culture confirmed the effects on mucus production and goblet cell numbers observed in th...
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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