Fish consumption is associated with a decreased risk of death among adults with diabetes: 18- year follow-up of a national cohort

Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): A. Deng, S. Pattanaik, A. Bhattacharya, J. Yin, L. Ross, C. Liu, J. ZhangAbstractBackgroundThere is a paucity of studies examining the beneficial effects of fish consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among adults with diabetes, who experience a substantially high risk of CVD.MethodologyWe analyzed the data of 1,136 adults aged 18 and older with diabetes mellitus who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994, and were followed up through December 31, 2010. We used Cox regression to estimate the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for the relative risk across the levels of fish consumption.ResultsA total of 698 deaths was recorded by the end of 11,465 person-years follow-up with a mortality rate of 60.88 per 1000 person-years. CVD was listed as a contributing cause for 326 deaths, accounting for 46.4% of total deaths. Stroke-specific mortality rate among patients who ate fish less than once a week was more than twice as high as that among patients who ate fish more than twice a week, 6.23 vs. 2.36 per 1000 person-years. The corresponding CVD-specific rate were 34.38 vs. 22.99 per 1000 person years respectively. The adjusted HRs of dying from stroke were 1.00 (reference), 0.55 (95% confidence interval = 0.28,1.07) and 0.30 (0.11, 0.80) among patients who ate fish
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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In this study, the trends of risk factors and macrovascular complications were examined in patients with DM in Taiwan.MethodsHealth care information and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnostic codes were retrieved from the Taiwan Bureau of National Health Insurance claims files between 2005 and 2014. Using these data, the number of cases and annual prevalence of diabetic macrovascular complications in individuals with DM were stratified by age and sex.ResultsThe prevalence of DM with either stroke or cardiovascular disease (CVD) showed a decreasing trend in enrolled patients with DM (p for trend 
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Stress hyperglycemia, measured by glucose-to-HbA1c ratio, was related to an elevated risk of stroke recurrence and all-cause death in patients with acute ischemic stroke but without diabetes.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study sought to evaluate associations between nephrolithiasis and hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke using a national sample cohort from Korea. Data from 2002 to 2013 were collected for individuals ≥ 20 years of age in the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS)-National Sample Cohort. We extracted nephrolithiasis patients (n = 22,636) and 1:4 matched controls (n = 90,544) and analyzed the occurrence of stroke. Matching was performed based on age, sex, income, region of residence, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia history. Crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using Cox proport...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Mediterranean diet: The role of long-chain ω-3 fatty acids in fish; polyphenols in fruits, vegetables, cereals, coffee, tea, cacao and wine; probiotics and vitamins in prevention of stroke, age-related cognitive decline, and Alzheimer disease. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2019 Sep 11;: Authors: Román GC, Jackson RE, Gadhia R, Román AN, Reis J Abstract The mechanisms of action of the dietary components of the Mediterranean diet are reviewed in prevention of cardiovascular disease, stroke, age-associated cognitive decline and Alzheimer disease. A companion article provides a comprehensive revi...
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Róisín M. Boggan, Albert Lim, Robert W. Taylor, Robert McFarland, Sarah J. PickettAbstractMitochondrial diseases, caused by mutations in either the nuclear or mitochondrial genomes (mtDNA), are the most common form of inherited neurometabolic disorders. They are remarkably heterogeneous, both in their clinical presentation and genetic etiology, presenting challenges for diagnosis, clinical management and elucidation of molecular mechanism. The multifaceted nature of these diseases, compounded by the unique ...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: Among patients with incident PD, a higher serum Lp(a) level may predict a lower risk of hemorrhagic stroke. PMID: 31498021 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrated that more than a half of patients with diabetes had anxiety and/or depression and one third had Type D personality, sustaining that monitoring of emotional state and depression should be included in the therapeutic plan of these patients. New treatment strategies are needed to improve the well-being of diabetic patients with psychological comorbidities. PMID: 31491990 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 September 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Deepak L Bhatt, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Shamir R Mehta, Lawrence A Leiter, Tabassome Simon, Kim Fox, Claes Held, Marielle Andersson, Anders Himmelmann, Wilhelm Ridderstråle, Jersey Chen, Yang Song, Rafael Diaz, Shinya Goto, Stefan K James, Kausik K Ray, Alexander N Parkhomenko, Mikhail N Kosiborod, Darren K McGuire, Robert A HarringtonSummaryBackgroundPatients with stable coronary artery disease and diabetes with previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), particularly those with previous stenting, are at high risk of ischaemic even...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results suggest that the C allele of IL1B rs1143627 may be associated with susceptibility to overall IS and LVI subtypes of stroke in the Polish population. PMID: 31480765 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Authors: Chiu LW, Lin KY, Chang CY, Lin WC, Wan L Abstract Objective: To evaluate the suicide rate among patients oophorectomized for benign conditions and its association with confounding comorbidities. Method: We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study of women aged ≥20 years that underwent oophorectomy including unilateral or bilateral in laparotomy or laparoscopy for benign conditions during 2000-2013. A total of 145,588 oophorectomized and 582,352 non-oophorectomized women were included with an average follow-up time of 7 years. The comorbidities assessed were hypertension (HT...
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
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