Low-carbohydrate diet and the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults

ConclusionThese findings indicate that, in Korea, a low-carbohydrate diet did not increase the risk of metabolic syndrome among adults who typically consume a high-carbohydrate low-fat diet. However, it may moderately decrease the risk of reduced HDL-cholesterol levels.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The study intervention was feasible and acceptable for Chinese adults with metabolic syndrome. While not powered to find statistically significant differences, positive and negative changes were observed in some cardiometabolic risk factors and quality of life. Further investigation with a larger sample size and longer study period is needed to explore potential environmental factors that may have influenced the study results. PMID: 31519288 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
Contributors : R Maeso-Diaz ; J J Lozano ; J Gracia-SanchoSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Rattus norvegicusNASH is a severe form of NAFLD that can progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and, its incidence has markedly increased in recent years. Current available animal models fail to reflect the whole spectrum of the disease. We herein designed a Barcelona NASH (BarNa) rat model using the combination of high fat&cholesterol diet with CCl4 inhalation for 10 weeks (NASH) or 24 weeks (NASH-CH). This model reflects the full spectrum of human NASH and present the main c...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Rattus norvegicus Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the immune-inflammatory, metabolic, and nitro-oxidative stress (IM&NO) biomarkers as predictors of disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. A total of 122 patients with MS were included; their disability was evaluated using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and IM&NO biomarkers were evaluated in peripheral blood samples. Patients with EDSS ≥3 were older and showed higher homocysteine, uric acid, advanced oxidized protein products (AOPP) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and higher rate of metabolic syndrome (MetS), while high-density lipoprotein ...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a group of metabolic disorders that together increase a person ’s chance of developing cardiovascular diseases, including stroke. The component disorders that comprise MetS are central obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high triglycerides, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) [1]. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), w aist-hip ratio (WHpR), and waist-height ratio (WHtR) are anthropometric indices that can be used to define abdominal obesity for MetS diagnosis [2].
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
There is an increased incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with metabolic syndrome who usually have high levels of serum triglyceride (TG) and low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). P...
Source: BMC Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractHypovitaminosis D has reached epidemic proportions in Qatar. Vitamin D is linked to several cardiometabolic diseases such as metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), diabetes, and atherosclerosis. It is not known if vitamin D status is linked to cardiometabolic risk factors in Qatari women. Therefore, a relationship between serum 25 ‐hydroxyvitmain D [25(OH)D] concentrations and MetSyn was investigated in Qatari women using the Qatar Biobank database. Study sample consisted of 700 women, aged 20–80 years old. A multivariate‐adjusted logistic regression was used to determine relation between serum 25(OH)D and M...
Source: BioFactors - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: RESEARCH COMMUNICATION Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the activity of fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus (FvF) on attenuating MetS and first elucidated the underlying mechanism. In vitro, FvF treatment remarkably lowered the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) compared with the sodium palmitate (PA)-induced insulin resistance (IR) group. The phosphorylation level of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) was significantly decreased, while phosphorylation of protein kinase B (pAkt) level increased, compared with that of the HepG2 cells treated with PA. Thus, FvF increased glucose consumption and relieved IR via ROS-mediated JNK and Akt signaling pathways. In...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of risk factors associated with CKD. By studying the genetic and environmental influences on how traits of metabolic syndrome correlate with CKD, the understanding of the etiological relationships can be improved. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &MEASUREMENTS: From the population-based TwinGene project within the Swedish Twin Registry, 4721 complete twin pairs (9442 European ancestry participants) were included in this cross-sectional twin study. Metabolic syndrome-related continuous traits were measured, and the binary components as well ...
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
agi Nishimura Green tea is a popular beverage that is rich in polyphenolic compounds such as catechins. Its major content, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate, has been shown to have beneficial effects on several diseases including cancer, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-obesity effects and the underlying molecular mechanisms of green tea extract (GTE) using zebrafish larva and adult obesity models. We administered 100 μg/mL GTE to zebrafish larvae and performed a short-term obesogenic test. GTE significantly decreased the vi...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We examined the mechanism by which the combined extracts of Rhus verniciflua and Eucommia ulmoides extracts (ILF-RE) regulate hepatic dyslipidemia in an established NAFLD model, high-fat diet (HFD)-induced lipid dysmetabolism in rats. ILF-RE attenuated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) by 1.5% (p
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
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