The association of neck circumference with risk of metabolic syndrome and its components in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionSubjects with higher NC were at approximately two-fold higher risk for hypertriglyceridemia compared to those with lower NC. We found positive associations between NC, WC, BMI, hypertension, FBS, TC, LDL-C, SBP, DBP, and low HDL-C concentrations. However, heterogeneity was considerably high. Therefore, the findings should be taken with caution. Future studies using longitudinal designs are needed to further understand the association between NC and features of MetS.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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ConclusionOB, HT, and HL are independent risk factors for a number of complications. HT is an independent risk factor for severity as well. Components of MetS strongly synergize each other’s detrimental effect. It is important to search for and follow up on the components of MetS in AP.
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study used population based longitudinal data to examine the causal relationship between caregiving trajectory and MetS among Chinese women. This is a retrospective analysis of 741 women using three waves of data from the Ever-Married Women Survey component of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (2004, 2006, and 2009). Group-based trajectory analysis was used to examine the caregiving trajectories among women in China. Three caregiving trajectories were identified. In multivariate analyses adjusting for potential covariates, ‘rising to high-intense’ caregivers (Odds Ratio (OR) = 3.78; 95% Confidence ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractDyslipidaemia, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension contribute to the risk of cognitive disorder and dementia. However very few and conflicting results are available with respect to the impact of lipoprotein ratios on cognitive functions in healthy individuals. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the association of lipid profile and its ratios with reaction time in young healthy individuals. 89 individuals (54 male and 35 female) with mean age of 31.20  ± 3.19 years were selected for this observational study conducted at AIIMS Rishikesh and written con...
Source: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Contributors : R Maeso-Diaz ; J J Lozano ; J Gracia-SanchoSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Rattus norvegicusNASH is a severe form of NAFLD that can progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and, its incidence has markedly increased in recent years. Current available animal models fail to reflect the whole spectrum of the disease. We herein designed a Barcelona NASH (BarNa) rat model using the combination of high fat&cholesterol diet with CCl4 inhalation for 10 weeks (NASH) or 24 weeks (NASH-CH). This model reflects the full spectrum of human NASH and present the main c...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Rattus norvegicus Source Type: research
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a group of metabolic disorders that together increase a person ’s chance of developing cardiovascular diseases, including stroke. The component disorders that comprise MetS are central obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high triglycerides, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) [1]. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), w aist-hip ratio (WHpR), and waist-height ratio (WHtR) are anthropometric indices that can be used to define abdominal obesity for MetS diagnosis [2].
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Volume 242Author(s): Michael Lavie, Inbar Lavie, Sharon MaslovitzAbstractBackgroundPaleolithic diet has recently gained popularity due to its presumed health benefits. The favorable metabolic effects of this diet were assessed in non-pregnant population but its impact during pregnancy remains to be evaluated.Study designA retrospective cohort study comparing two groups. Group A comprised of women with singleton low-risk pregnancy adherent to paleolithic diet throughout gestation (n = 37). Group B comprised lo...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Vemana Gowd, Naymul Karim, Mohammad Rezaul Islam Shishir, Lianghua Xie, Wei ChenAbstractBackgroundMetabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as the cluster of metabolic disorders that consist of insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, central adiposity, and hypertension, which is associated with metabolic diseases (MD). Gut microbiota (GM) has a profound effect on human metabolism. The composition and function of GM play a critical role in MD, but the mechanisms have not been fully understood yet. Microorganisms ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study demonstrated for the first time that everolimus was independently associated with post-LT MS. Nevertheless, more robust studies are required to confirm these findings.
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Liver transplanted patients are at high risk of metabolic syndrome and its complications. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the early onset of cardiovascular alterations in patients submitted to the transplant waiting list. From January 2014 to January 2016, 54 out of 79 patients on the waiting list with decompensated cirrhosis or hepatocellular-carcinoma received the transplant, 50 were followed for 24 months, 2 died post-surgery and 2 were lost to follow-up. A significantly increased prevalence of visceral adiposity (epicardial adipose tissue thickness (p  = 0.001) and worsening of carotid damage (p = 0.003) and...
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Liver, Pancreas and Biliary Tract Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing challenge to global public health. It is defined as the increased accumulation of hepatic triglyceride (>5%) in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption or other causes of liver disease. The NAFLD spectrum encompasses steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver, NAFL) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an inflammatory form of the condition marked by the presence of hepatocyte damage and progressive fibrosis that may lead to cirrhosis.[1,2] Although NAFLD may occur in patients with normal weight, it is closely associated with the presence of the metabolic syndrom...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
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