Associations between persistent organic pollutants and metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese individuals

Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): S. Dusanov, J. Ruzzin, H. Kiviranta, T.O. Klemsdal, L. Retterstøl, P. Rantakokko, R. Airaksinen, S. Djurovic, S. TonstadAbstractBackground and aimsPersons with “metabolically healthy” obesity may develop cardiometabolic complications at a lower rate than equally obese persons with evident metabolic syndrome. Even morbidly obese individuals vary in risk profile. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are widespread environmental chemicals that impair metabolic homeostasis. We explored whether prevalence of metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese individuals is associated with serum concentrations of POPs.Methods and resultsA cross-sectional study among 161 men and 270 women with BMI>35 kg/m2 and comorbidity, or>40 kg/m2. Circulating concentrations of 15 POPs were stratified by number of metabolic syndrome components. In multiple logistic regression analysis odds ratios between top quartile POPs and metabolic risk factors versus POPs below the top quartile were calculated adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol consumption and cholesterol concentrations. Age-adjusted concentrations of trans-nonachlor and dioxin-like and non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) increased with number of metabolic syndrome components in both genders (p 
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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Abstract Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disease, is characterized by accumulation of fat (>5% of the liver tissue), in the absence of alcohol abuse or other chronic liver diseases. Its prevalence is increasing because of obesity, metabolic syndrome or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). NAFLD can cause liver inflammation and progress to Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, cirrhosis or Hepatocellular Cancer (HCC). Nevertheless, Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in NAFLD/NASH patients. Current guidelines suggest the use of p...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Atherosclerosis - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: E-poster session Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Southern Medical University - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao Source Type: research
In conclusion, TSF improved lipid accumulation and hepatic steatosis by inducing the AMPK/SIRT1 pathway-mediated autophagy. Introduction Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a worldwide health concern due to the increased incidence of obesity and diabetes. In addition, NAFLD is closely associated with the risk factors of coronary heart disease, such as metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia, which are considered to be the leading causes of death (Wiest et al., 2017). Although our understanding of the pathogenesis of NAFLD has significantly improved, there is still no effective medica...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
We examined the effects of the independent and combined effects of Zataria Multiflora supplementation and circuit resistance training (CRT) on selected adipokines among postmenopausal women. Forty-eight postmenopausal women were divided into four groups: Exercise (EG, n = 12), Zataria Multiflora (ZMG, n = 12), exercise and Zataria Multiflora (ZMEG, n = 12), and control (CG, n = 12). Participants in experimental groups either performed CRT (3 sessions per week with intensity at 55% of one-repetition maximum) or supplemented with Zataria Multiflora (500 mg every day after breakfast with 100 ml of water), or their combination...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In this study, room temperature (RT) of 25°C was considered as control, and RT at 32°C for 8 h per day was set as the HS treatment. After 3 weeks, the intestinal contents of jejunum, ileum, and cecum were harvested to investigate the microbiota composition variations by 16S ribosomal RNA amplicon sequencing. And the weight gain, adipose indices, intestinal morphology, and a certain number of serum biochemical parameters were also measured and analyzed. The results showed the microbial species at different levels differentially enriched in duck jejunum and cecum under HS, while no significant data were observed in i...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Ali Mahzari1, Songpei Li1, Xiu Zhou1,2, Dongli Li2, Sherouk Fouda1, Majid Alhomrani1, Wala Alzahrani1, Stephen R. Robinson1 and Ji-Ming Ye1,2* 1Lipid Biology and Metabolic Disease Laboratory, School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, China The present study investigated the effects of matrine on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice induced by a methionine choline-deficient (MCD) diet and the mechanism involved. The study was performed in C57B/6J mice fed a MCD diet for 6 weeks to induce NAS...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Sonia Baig1‡, Ehsan Parvaresh Rizi1,2‡, Chelsea Chia3, Muhammad Shabeer1, Nweni Aung1, Tze Ping Loh4, Faidon Magkos5,6†, Antonio Vidal-Puig7, Raymond C. S. Seet1,2, Chin Meng Khoo1,2§ and Sue-Anne Toh1,2,8,9*§ 1Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore 2Department of Medicine, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore 3Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland 4Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore 5Department of Physiology, Yo...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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