Timed instrumental activities of daily living in multiple sclerosis: The test of everyday cognitive ability (TECA)

ConclusionsThe TECA is a TIADLs assessment appropriate for use in those with MS as it includes a broad range of task difficulties, requires minimum motor involvement, and is sensitive to MS-related cognitive impairment. The TECA is a brief and repeatable test of TIADLs and its ease of administration makes it suitable for both clinical practice and research settings.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Authors: Raval U, Harary J, Zeng E, Pasinetti GM Abstract INTRODUCTION: Age related neurodegenerative disorders affect millions of people around the world. The role of the gut microbiome (GM) in neurodegenerative disorders has been elucidated over the past few years. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome ultimately results in neurodegeneration. However, the gut microbiome can be modulated to promote neuro-resilience. AREAS COVERED: This review is focused on demonstrating the role of the gut microbiome in host physiology in Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. We will discuss how the microbiome ...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
Abstract Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system, and are important players in both brain injury and neurodegenerative disease. Curcumin (1,7-bis[4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl]-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), the major active component of turmeric, belongs to the curcuminoid family that was originally isolated from the plant Curcuma longa. Several studies suggest that curcumin may have a beneficial impact on the brain pathology and aging. These effects are due to curcumin's antioxidant, free-radical scavenging, and anti-inflammatory activity. In light of this, our current review aims to d...
Source: Pharmacological Reports - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Pharmacol Rep Source Type: research
Basel, 22 May 2020 - Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) will present new pooled pivotal satralizumab safety results for the treatment of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), a rare, debilitating central nervous system disorder. These data are being presented at the 6th Annual Meeting of the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) and show satralizumab was well-tolerated in a broad patient population – including adolescents, for whom there is no approved medicine. Satralizumab is an investigational humanised monoclonal antibody that targets the interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor, believed to play a key role in the i...
Source: Roche Media News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
ConclusionThese findings suggest that PNX-14 may have potential in the treatment of neuroinflammation.
Source: Inflammation Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The limited amount of knowledge denotes the need for additional in vitro studies on the combination of rTMS and pharmacotherapy, which could be extended to in vivo studies and ultimately inform the design of clinical trials so as to improve the therapeutic management of patients with a wide array of neuropsychiatric disorders. PMID: 32418533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: CNS and Neurological Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
AbstractSphingolipids are a class of lipids highly enriched in the central nervous system (CNS), which shows great diversity and complexity, and has been implicated in CNS development and function. Alterations in sphingolipid metabolism have been described in multiple diseases, including those affecting the central nervous system (CNS). In this review, we discuss the role of sphingolipid metabolism in neurodegeneration, evaluating its direct roles in neuron development and health, and also in the induction of neurotoxic activities in CNS ‐resident astrocytes and microglia in the context of neurologic diseases such as mul...
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Abstract The abnormal accumulation of neurotoxic proteins is the typical hallmark of various age-related neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs), including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Multiple sclerosis. The anomalous proteins, such as Aβ, Tau in Alzheimer's disease and α-synuclein in Parkinson's disease, perturb the neuronal physiology and cellular homeostasis in the brain thereby affecting the millions of human lives across the globe. Here, ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) plays a decisive role in clearing the toxic metabolites in cells...
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research
Abstract Changes in protein structure and function, alteration in protein-protein interaction, and significant difference in protein concentration inside the body could play an important role in indicating the pathological evidence of abnormalities before the development of clinical symptoms and act as a critical detection and diagnostic tool commonly known as biomarkers. Biomarkers play important roles in the diagnosis of various chronic diseases including cancer. Neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Huntington's, prion, and multiple sclerosis are well characterized by neuronal deterior...
Source: Current Protein and Peptide Science - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Protein Pept Sci Source Type: research
s CMP Abstract Necroptosis is a regulated cell death pathway morphologically similar to necrosis that depends on the kinase activity of receptor interacting protein 3 (RIP3) and the subsequent activation of the pseudokinase mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL), being also generally dependent on RIP1 kinase activity. Necroptosis can be recruited during pathological conditions, usually following the activation of death receptors under specific cellular contexts. In this regard, necroptosis has been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple disorders, including acute and chronic neurodegenerative diseases...
Source: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Int Rev Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
Lipid rafts are small, dynamic membrane areas characterized by the clustering of selected membrane lipids as the result of the spontaneous separation of glycolipids, sphingolipids, and cholesterol in a liquid-ordered phase. The exact dynamics underlying phase separation of membrane lipids in the complex biological membranes are still not fully understood. Nevertheless, alterations in the membrane lipid composition affect the lateral organization of molecules belonging to lipid rafts. Neural lipid rafts are found in brain cells, including neurons, astrocytes, and microglia, and are characterized by a high enrichment of spec...
Source: The Journal of Lipid Research - Category: Lipidology Authors: Tags: Thematic Reviews Source Type: research
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