Sleep-Related Eating Disorder: Causes, Treatment, and More
Sleep-related eating disorder (SRED) is a parasomnia that links eating disorders to partial arousal during the transition between wakefulness and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. It is characterized by dysfunctional eating and drinking upon partial arousal from a stage of NREM sleep (also known as slow-wave sleep). As a form of sleepwalking, it entails partial or complete amnesia of the event. According to one study, the estimated prevalence of SRED was nearly 5% in the general population. The disorder is more common than generally recognized, and we can agree it requires more public awareness. This type of connection between two entirely different disorders presents a rather complex pattern of cause and effect. To understand it better, let’s first look into NREM arousal parasomnias, as sleep-related eating disorder is a variant of them. NREM Sleep Arousal Disorders among adults Behaviors classified as non-rapid eye movement sleep arousal disorders typically occur in the first third of the night and they include: Sleepwalking Confusional arousals Sleep terrors They’re best described as partial or incomplete arousals from deep sleep, where the states of sleep and wakefulness are mixed with one another. That makes the affected person experience episodes during which they are simultaneously partially asleep and partially awake. They are heavily linked to genetics and common among children at various stages of development, with episodes subsiding as a child ag...
Authors: PMID: 31603761 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that overall adherence to medication-assisted treatment for alcohol use disorder is low across all medications. When directly compared, disulfiram had significantly lower adherence than both oral and extended-release injectable naltrexone. PMID: 31603760 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: The final measurement model provided support for construct validity of a novel alcohol marketing recall construct assessing cumulative cross-channel marketing exposure. Adolescent recall of alcohol marketing across channels was significantly associated with underage drinking, while associated factors such as peer/parental drinking were accounted for. PMID: 31603759 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Whereas cannabis withdrawal was only weakly to moderately related to cannabis use, it demonstrated strong associations with alcohol withdrawal across all assessments. In addition, affective lability measures were moderately correlated with cannabis withdrawal but not with cannabis use. Thus, other drug withdrawal and individual differences are essential to consider when assessing cannabis withdrawal. PMID: 31603758 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Most survey respondents who reported that they had never consumed alcohol in 2016 did report consuming at least some alcohol (or at least being an ex-drinker) in previous surveys. Self-report of lifetime abstention may not be accurately separating lifetime abstainers from ex-drinkers, possibly biasing work on the harms and benefits of moderate consumption. PMID: 31603757 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Caetano R, Vaeth PAC, Canino G Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to update estimates of comorbidity between lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD) severity and lifetime major depressive disorder (MDD) in San Juan, Puerto Rico. METHOD: Data are from a household random sample of 1,510 individuals (816 female) 18-64 years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico. AUD and MDD identification follow criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition and Fourth Edition, respectively, both implemented with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). It is po...
CONCLUSIONS: Results provide the first evidence that some types of drinking events contribute to the occurrence of couple intimacy experiences within the next few hours and help to explain previously observed long-term effects of congruent drinking patterns on couple functioning. PMID: 31603755 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Popova S, Dozet D, Burd L, Rehm J PMID: 31603754 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol industry-funded websites omit and misrepresent the evidence on key risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. This may "nudge" women toward continuing to drink during pregnancy. These findings suggest that alcohol industry-funded bodies may increase risk to pregnant women by disseminating misinformation. The public should be made widely aware of the risks of obtaining health information from alcohol industry-funded sources. PMID: 31603753 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limited research and variable findings across studies, current studies provide preliminary evidence of cardio-renal dysfunction in offspring with PAE. PMID: 31603752 [PubMed - in process]
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