Serum sex hormones concentrations in young women in the early period after successful kidney transplantation.
CONCLUSIONS: Successful kidney transplantation leads to the normalization of serum concentrations of hormones linked to fertility disorders in women with chronic kidney disease. . PMID: 29952423 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Czemerska M, Robak T, Wierzbowska A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains a poor prognosis hematological malignancy. The introduction of aggressive chemotherapy with allogeneic stem cell transplantation has resulted in improved clinical outcomes in younger patients. However, the treatment results in unfit elderly AML population remain disappointing. New strategies should be introduced to improve the prognosis in this group of patients. Areas covered: This review presents and discusses the mechanism of action, safety and efficacy of sapacitabine in AML patients. Expert opinion: Sapacit...
Authors: Daniels LM, Kufel WD Abstract INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has become a significant healthcare-associated infection and is strongly associated with antibiotic use. Practice guidelines have recently been revised incorporating updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Areas Covered: This review discusses updated aspects of CDI management. New and emerging pharmacologic options for treatment and prevention are reviewed. Expert opinion: Metronidazole is associated with lower rates of treatment success compared to vancomycin and should no longer be used as primary ...
AbstractBackgroundIron deficiency is a common cause of anemia in pediatric patients with hemodialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD-5HD). Ferric pyrophosphate citrate (FPC, Triferic ®) donates iron directly to transferrin, bypassing the reticuloendothelial system and avoiding iron sequestration. Administration of FPC via dialysate or intravenously (IV) may provide a suitable therapeutic option to current IV iron preparations for these patients.MethodsThe pharmacokinetics and safety of FPC administered via dialysate and IV to patients aged
ConclusionsTransfusions are prevalent in the perioperative period after pediatric kidney transplantation. Lower pre-transplant hemoglobin increases the risk of transfusion. Graft function predicts hemoglobin levels at 3 months.
ConclusionsWe report no children with vitamin B6 deficiency although> 50% had elevated vitamin B6 concentrations. We suggest if dietary assessment of vitamin B6 intake indicates insufficient intake, measurement of blood concentrations will help confirm if supplementation is required. Routine vitamin B6 supplementation and monitoring is currently not indicated in ch ildren on chronic dialysis.
ConclusionsIn pediatric dialysis patients, ferric citrate may be able to concurrently lower phosphate levels and treat iron deficiency. However, larger studies are needed to further evaluate safety and efficacy in the pediatric chronic kidney disease population.
ConclusionHb cycling is common among dialysis patients. Severity of anemia rather than its cycling has more significant impact on the prevalence of LVH and on inflammatory state.
AbstractBackgroundAcute kidney injury (AKI) is independently associated with worsened morbidity and increased mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). AKI risk score, termed renal angina index (RAI) is used in developed countries to predict subsequent severe AKI. Very few studies have investigated application of RAI in the PICU of a developing country. This prospective observational study aimed to predict severe subsequent AKI in children admitted to PICU using RAI.MethodsOver 1 year, children admitted to PICU aged 1 month–18 years old, with no previous kidney disease, were included. RAI...
AbstractBackground25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) deficiency is common in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has been associated with an increased risk for anemia in both healthy US children and in adults with CKD. This association has not been explored in children with CKD.MethodsChildren aged 1 –16 enrolled in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study with mild to moderate kidney dysfunction, and with 25OHD measured at baseline (n = 580), were included in the analysis. The cross-sectional associations between 25OHD and hemoglobin (g/dL) and anemia were assessed. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin
ConclusionsOur findings support the presence of erythropoiesis inhibitory substances in uremic sera. EPO/EPO-R-dependent mechanisms may play a role in inhibiting erythropoiesis. The in vitro bioassay described herein may serve as an indicator of rHuEPO responsiveness which may encourage further investigation of underlying mechanisms of EPO resistance.