Study: Intrapleural Air Flow Can Enhance Mesothelioma CT Scans

Researchers in Australia believe they have discovered a simple way to enhance the accuracy of CT scanning for pleural abnormalities, potentially leading to better diagnostics for mesothelioma cancer. A research team from the University of Western Australia in Perth has shown the sensitivity of CT scans — used in the diagnostic process — can be improved by creating intrapleural air flow. The discovery stems from their six test cases of malignancies, including four patients with pleural mesothelioma. Chest Journal, the official publication of the American College of Chest Physicians, published the study in June. “This is a proof of principle paper, not quite ready to advocate for all patients yet,” Dr. Gary Lee, professor of respiratory medicine, University of West Australia, told “However, it is a very exciting step.” Earlier Diagnosis Could be Huge Improving the diagnostic process for mesothelioma is critical to finding more effective treatment options and longer survival for patients. Pleural mesothelioma typically comes with a poor prognosis. Most patients live less than 18 months after a diagnosis, which usually isn’t made until the cancer has progressed into stage 3 or 4. By the later stages, treatment options are limited and typically palliative in nature. Mesothelioma is caused by long-before exposure to asbestos. But the latency period between exposure and diagnosis can be anywhere from 20 to 50 years, allowing...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news

Related Links:

James Salaz (left), of Montrose, Colorado, was diagnosed with a rare form of cancer in 2012 by Dr Choon-Kee Lee (right). After five years, Salaz learned he actually had blood vessel inflammation.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Erica Burkheimer, Leah Starks, Mariam Khan, Leon Oostendorp, Marianne K. Melnik, Mathew H. Chung, G. Paul WrightAbstractIntroductionObesity has been associated with negative oncologic outcomes in breast cancer.MethodsRetrospective review of patients with operable breast cancer at a single institution from 2009–2012. Patients with carcinoma in situ or metastatic disease were excluded. Variables included utilization of MRI, surgical treatment, perioperative, and long-term oncologic outcomes. Primary outcome was rate of ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsSeveral factors are associated with a non-complete mesorectal excision. Non-complete mesorectal grade is associated with decreased survival.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: 2018Source: European Journal of Radiology Open, Volume 5Author(s): Tarun Pankaj Jain, Wen Ter Kan, Sean Edward, Helen Fernon, Renuvathy Kansan NaiderAbstractPurpose: The aim of this project is to investigate the usefulness of the absolute liver lesion ADC value and ratio of Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of a liver lesion and liver parenchyma to discriminate between a benign and malignant lesion.Methods: Liver MRI scans performed between January 2009 and June 2015 were retrospectively analysed. Scans were performed on either a 1.5 T or 3 T MRI unit. The type of liver lesion (ben...
Source: European Journal of Radiology Open - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Alireza Aminsharifi, Rajan T. Gupta, Efrat Tsivian, Sitharthan Sekar, Christina Sze, Thomas J. PolascikAbstractPurposeTo introduce and assess the efficacy of a reduced core targeted (RCT) biopsy template (image-targeted + laterally directed sextant biopsy) to detect clinically-significant cancer in patients with elevated PSA and a previous negative biopsy or on active surveillance. The performance and added value of either targeted alone vs random sextant vs combined biopsy template was appraised.MethodsData fro...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsRenal sympathicolysis by transaortic periarterial ethanol injection was feasible and effective in a porcine model. This approach may be an alternative to catheter-based RFA or other methods of renal denervation.
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough volume measurements derived from CT/MRI did not differ significantly from those derived from CBCT, variability between the two methods led to large and unexpected differences in calculated dose.
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeWe aimed to validate the performance of the hepatitis B-based Hong Kong Liver Cancer (HKLC) staging system compared with the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) as the initial treatment.Materials and MethodsThe study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards at all participating centers. This retrospective study included 715 patients with HCC who underwent TACE as the initial treatment between January 2008 and December 2016 at three Chinese institutions. All of the patient...
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Carlucci P, Trigiani M, Mori PA, Mondoni M, Pinelli V, Casalini AG, Conte EG, Buggio G, Villari L, Marchetti G Abstract Diseases of the pleura and pleural space are common and present a significant contribution to the workload of respiratory physicians, accounting for an annual incidence of more than 1.5 million cases in the US with the majority of cases resulting from congestive heart failure, pneumonia, and cancer 1. Although the radiographic and ultrasonographic detection of pleural abnormalities may be obvious, the determination of a specific diagnosis can often represent a challenge. Since pleural eff...
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: The thoracooscopy service at our trust has proven to be effective with encouraging outcomes. Respiratory trainees on rotation also have the opportunity to acquire training in the procedure, which is not yet available throughout the region.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung Cancer Source Type: research
More News: Asbestosis | Australia Health | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | CT Scan | Cytology | Environmental Health | Mesothelioma | Palliative | PET Scan | Pneumothorax | Respiratory Medicine | Study