Reducing demand for antibiotic prescriptions: evidence from an online survey of the general public on the interaction between preferences, beliefs and information, United Kingdom, 2015.

This study aimed to investigate what drives patient expectations of antibiotics for ILI and particularly whether AMR awareness, risk preferences (attitudes to taking risks with health) or time preferences (the extent to which people prioritise good health today over good health in the future) play a role. METHODS: In 2015, a representative online panel survey of 2,064 adults in the United Kingdom was asked about antibiotic use and effectiveness for ILI. Explanatory variables in multivariable regression included AMR awareness, risk and time preferences and covariates. RESULTS: The tendency not to prioritise immediate gain over later reward was independently strongly associated with greater awareness that antibiotics are inappropriate for ILI. Independently, believing antibiotics were effective for ILI and low AMR awareness significantly predicted reported antibiotic use. However, 272 (39%) of those with low AMR awareness said that the AMR information we provided would lead them to ask a doctor for antibiotics more often, significantly more than would do so less often, and in contrast to those with high AMR awareness (p 
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionWhen applying quadrivalent influenza vaccines (QIVs) for vaccination, the recommendations of compositions for influenza B could be altered and assessed once in 3 or 4  years; when economic burden was considered intensively and TIVs were utilized, the recommended compositions for influenza B could be announced in April or May, rather than in February or March as now.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSickness presenteeism among healthcare professionals can compromise patient safety. To better understand what motivates this phenomenon, especially among trainees, the authors investigated attitudes of medical students, resident physicians, and faculty physicians about working when sick with what might be an infectious condition.MethodsIn 2012 –2013, the authors employed a mixed methods, two-stage, cross-sectional survey at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics of medical students (third-year students in the first survey and fourth-year students in the second survey), resident physicians in I...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Source: World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. Published: 9/2019. This 35-page plan builds on and is aligned with the Global Strategic Plan to Strengthen Public Health Preparedness and Response; the World Health Organization's Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance; the Research and Development Blueprint for action to prevent epidemics; and the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework. It is also guided by regional approaches, networks, and mechanisms for health emergency preparedness and response, such as the Asia Pacific Strategy for Emerging Diseases, a common strategic framework for t...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Source: United Kingdom Department of Health (DH). Published: 9/2019. This 21-page strategy outlines Public Health England's work to combat infectious diseases, and sets out the strategic priorities for the five-year period 2020 to 2025. Topics include being a world leader in tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR), strengthening global health activities to protect health in the United Kingdom and globally, and addressing globalization and climate change, which have the potential to increase the probability of the introduction of global infections like pandemic influenza, together with the speed and reach of further spread. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsRoutine use of POCTs for viruses should be introduced into diagnostic pathways for acute respiratory illness, especially at the front door of hospitals.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract How to assess global health at the close of 2018 and project achievable goals for the new year? WHO began on a somber and urgent note by identifying Ten Threats to Global Health in 2019. They are: air pollution and climate change; noncommunicable diseases; global influenza pandemic; fragile and vulnerable settings; antimicrobial resistance; Ebola and other high-threat pathogens; weak primary health care; vaccine hesitancy, dengue and HIV. Cuba is vulnerable to many of these threats, but perhaps more importantly, it's already taking them on, proposing more intersectoral actions to address social d...
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research
Abstract It has been about 100 years since the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918-19 that killed an estimated 50 million individuals globally. While we have made remarkable progress in reducing infection-related mortality, infections still account for 13 to 15 million deaths annually. This estimate is projected to remain unchanged until 2050. We have identified 4 megatrends in infectious diseases and these are "emerging and re-emerging infections", "antimicrobial resistance", "demographic changes" and "technological advances". Understanding these trends and challenges should...
Source: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Acad Med Singapore Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study showed a decreasing trend in the prescribing of antibacterial drugs, regardless of age or gender. Increasing awareness of antimicrobial resistance, reimbursement status changes and pneumococcal and influenza vaccinations are possible reasons for this. Some of the antibacterial oral solutions lost their reimbursement status, but their consumption did not decrease any faster than the consumption of the substances with continuous reimbursability. It is likely that removing the reimbursement status of antibacterials has placed an extra cost burden on families and increased costs per prescription.
Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an important factor for consideration in pandemic preparedness. Any reduction in treatability poses a potential risk to national and international security and economic stability when applied to pandemic-related pathogens (McArthur and Tsang, 2017). Increasing AMR among pathogens responsible for the development of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) (e.g., Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae) (Adam, 2002) is especially concerning given their propensity to cause bacterial infections secondary to viral influenza.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an important factor for consideration in pandemic preparedness. Any reduction in treatability poses a potential risk to national and international security and economic stability when applied to pandemic-related pathogens (McArthur and Tsang, 2017). Increasing AMR among pathogens responsible for the development of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) (e.g. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae) (Adam, 2002) is especially concerning given their propensity to cause bacterial infections secondary to viral influenza.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Antimicrobial Resistance | Infectious Diseases | Influenza | International Medicine & Public Health | Study | UK Health