Tongue Shape Dynamics in Swallowing Using Sagittal Ultrasound

AbstractUltrasound imaging is simple, repeatable, gives real-time feedback, and its dynamic soft tissue imaging may make it superior to other modalities for swallowing research. We tested this hypothesis and measured certain spatial and dynamic aspects of the swallowing to investigate its efficacy. Eleven healthy adults wearing a headset to stabilize the probe participated in the study. Both thickened and thin liquids were used, and liquid bolus volumes of 10 and 25  ml were administered to the subjects by using a cup. The tongue’s surface was traced as a spline superimposed on a fan-shaped measurement space for every image from the time at which the tongue blade started moving up toward the palate at the start of swallowing to the time when the entire tongu e was in contact with the palate. To measure depression depth, the distance (in mm) was measured along each radial fan line from the location at which the tongue’s surface spline intersected the fan line to the point where the hard palate intersected the fan line at each timepoint. There were diff erences between individual participants in the imageability of the swallow, and so we defined quantitatively “measureable” and “unmeasurable” types. The most common type was measureable, in which we could find a clear bolus depression in the cupped tongue’s surface. Indeed, with 10 ml of thin liquids, we were able to find and measure the depression depth for all participants. T...
Source: Dysphagia - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

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ConclusionMusic is a simple, inexpensive and effective way to reduce pain score and increase satisfaction with pain control during TUGOR procedure, which may justify its routine use.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThere were significant differences between the hospitals according to the CS preference. This preference was associated with the previous obstetric history and psychological factors. Therefore, creating good birth experiences and offering women counselling may reduce the CS preference rate.
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 30 August 2018Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, Volume 86Author(s): Manoj P. Dandekar, Tao Peng, David D. McPherson, Joao Quevedo, Jair C. Soares, Shao-Ling HuangAbstractAimSimilar to ketamine, xenon gas acts as a glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist, but devoid of propensity to cause untoward effects. Herein, we loaded xenon gas into a liposomal carrier called xenon-containing liposomes (Xe-liposome) for systemic delivery, and investigated its effect as an antidepressant and also analyzed synaptic biomarkers including brain-derived neurotrophic fact...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThere were significant differences between the hospitals according to the CS preference. This preference was associated with the previous obstetric history and psychological factors. Therefore, creating good birth experiences and offering women counselling may reduce the CS preference rate.
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionMusic is a simple, inexpensive and effective way to reduce pain score and increase satisfaction with pain control during TUGOR procedure, which may justify its routine use.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 30 August 2018Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, Volume 86Author(s): Manoj P. Dandekar, Tao Peng, David D. McPherson, Joao Quevedo, Jair C. Soares, Shao-Ling HuangAbstractAimSimilar to ketamine, xenon gas acts as a glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist, but devoid of propensity to cause untoward effects. Herein, we loaded xenon gas into a liposomal carrier called xenon-containing liposomes (Xe-liposome) for systemic delivery, and investigated its effect as an antidepressant and also analyzed synaptic biomarkers including brain-derived neurotrophic fact...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog Welcome to the 338th LITFL Review! Your regular and reliable source for the highest highlights, sneakiest sneak peeks and loudest shout-outs from the webbed world of emergency medicine and critical care. Each week the LITFL team casts the spotlight on the blogosphere’s best and brightest and deliver a bite-sized chunk of FOAM. Readers can subscribe to LITFL review RSS or LITFL review EMAIL subscription The Most Fair Dinkum Ripper Beauts of the Week Josh Fark...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Education LITFL review Source Type: blogs
The source of this case is anonymous.A 40 something woman with a history of hyperlipidemia and additional risk factors including a smoking history presented with substernal chest pain radiating to " both axilla " as well as the upper back.  She was reportedly " pacing in her room while holding her chest " .The initial tracing (EKG 1) was obtained.Clinician and EKG machine read of acute pericarditis.What do you think?There is sinus rhythm.  There is diffuse ST elevation in II, III, aVF and V3-V6.  One might agree with the computer and the clinician because there is inferolateral ST elevati...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusion:In hemodynamically stable patients with chest pain, sinus tachycardia aids in the identification of patients unlikely to have type I MI, especially in those with HR> 120 bpm.
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusion Music is a simple, inexpensive and effective way to reduce pain score and increase satisfaction with pain control during TUGOR procedure, which may justify its routine use.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
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