Role of Gut Microbiome in Regulating Reproduction and Its Impact on Fertility Status in Women Living with and Without HIV (R21 Clinical Trial Optional)

Funding Opportunity PA-18-839 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to encourage applications from the scientific community to support outstanding research related to the role of the gut microbiome in regulating metabolism and reproduction, and its impact on the fertility status. The overarching goal is to gain fundamental insight into the possible role of the gut microbiome in regulating reproduction through HPG, HPA, and HPT axes in the brain. The results of the study could lead to development of diagnostic markers (signature microbiomes) for reproductive and metabolic failure. The project is pertinent to multiple portfolios in the Fertility and Infertility Branch, e.g., basic ovarian biology, fertility preservation, assisted reproductive technology, spermatogenesis and sperm function, and therapeutic interventions to infertility. The emphasis on the gut microbiome and its impact on reproduction through its effects on HPG, HPA, and HPT axes leading to obesity, metabolic syndrome, stress disorders, infection and anxiety is also of interest to the Maternal and Pediatric infectious disease Branch, Pediatric Growth and Nutrition Branch and IDDB.
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding

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Conclusion: These findings suggest that consumption of peanuts high in oleic acid (D7) may have the potential to delay primary fatty liver symptoms. PMID: 33033472 [PubMed]
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research
This study investigated the factors associated with the nutritional status of school children in a rural municipality in Cebu, Philippines. Children aged 6-12 years (n = 327) and their parents were asked to participate. Children's anthropometric measurements were taken in schools, while interviews and measurements of parents were conducted at home. Children's nutritional status was assessed using height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-age (WAZ) z scores, while body mass index (BMI) was used for parents. Children's dietary patterns and physical activity, and household characteristics, such as food insecurity, eating ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Siamashvili M, Davis S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Bromocriptine mesylate quick release (QR) is a dopamine D2 receptor agonist and is the only oral, primarily centrally acting drug that can be used for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. AREAS COVERED: The authors describe current recommendations on the use of bromocriptine mesylate QR. Major efficacy and safety parameters of the late phase trials, including The Cycloset Safety Trial, have been identified and presented. EXPERT OPINION: Efficacy of bromocriptine mesylate QR monotherapy appears to be low but is compensated by favorable safety pr...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
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Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Sleep subscribers-only Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Naila Choudhary, Katia Bravo-Jaimes, Carmen Smotherman, Saadia Sherazi, Dale F. Kraemer, Gladys P. Velarde
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion The periconceptional environment and lifestyle factors modify sperm epigenome. This alteration might be maintained in the zygote and throughout development, thereby leading to the inheritance of newly acquired pathologies. The role of sperm miRNA, not only as innovative markers of fertility issues but also as vectors involved in the inheritance of paternal diseases, appears to be crucial. Overweight and obesity seem to alter sperm miRNA profile, thereby leading to transmission of different miRNA profiles in zygote, with consequences on embryo development. In long term, metabolic disorders have been described in...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), one of the most common endocrine disorders, is associated with diverse health problems including obesity, infertility, metabolic syndrome, uterine cancer, anxiety, and depression. The syndrome is well characterized but the exact etiology is poorly understood. Treatments include lifestyle intervention, medical and surgical therapies, and are tailored to symptoms and treatment goals.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
Funding Opportunity PA-18-838 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to encourage applications from the scientific community to support outstanding research related to the role of the gut microbiome in regulating metabolism and reproduction, and its impact on the fertility status. The overarching goal is to gain fundamental insight into the possible role of the gut microbiome in regulating reproduction through HPG, HPA, and HPT axes in the brain. The results of the study could lead to development of diagnostic markers (signature microbiomes) for reproduct...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
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