Mental health issues in obesity influenced by gut bacteria

A study inMolecular Psychiatry reports that changes in gut bacteria, driven by obesity, may be linked to anxiety and depression levels.Daily Mail
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: Given the established evidence that supports its impact on weight variability, early identification of problematic eating behaviours and of patients with a tendency to act impulsively in situations of negative emotionality should be a central concern in the follow-up of the bariatric population. PMID: 30521456 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
The human microbiome, or gut environment, is a community of different bacteria that has co-evolved with humans to be beneficial to both a person and the bacteria. Researchers agree that a person’s unique microbiome is created within the first 1,000 days of life, but there are things you can do to alter your gut environment throughout your life. Ultra-processed foods and gut health What we eat, especially foods that contain chemical additives and ultra-processed foods, affects our gut environment and increases our risk of diseases. Ultra-processed foods contain substances extracted from food (such as sugar and starch)...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Behavioral Health Digestive Disorders Food as medicine Healthy Eating Source Type: blogs
This study is registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42017064871.FindingsOur search identified 10 284 records, of which 111 studies were included for analysis, including a total of 264 967 children (n=106 167 left-behind children and adolescents; n=158 800 children and adolescents of non-migrant parents). 91 studies were done in China and focused on effects of internal labour migration. Compared with children of non-migrants, left-behind children had increased risk of depression and higher depression scores (RR 1·52 [95% CI 1·27–1·82]; SMD 0·16 [0·10–0·21]), anxiet...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
APOLO-Teens, a web-based intervention for treatment-seeking adolescents with overweight or obesity: study protocol and baseline characterization of a Portuguese sample. Eat Weight Disord. 2018 Dec 05;: Authors: Ramalho S, Saint-Maurice PF, Silva D, Mansilha HF, Silva C, Gonçalves S, Machado P, Conceição E Abstract PURPOSE: APOLO-Teens is an ongoing web-based program combining a manualized intervention delivered by Facebook®, a self-monitoring web application and monthly chat sessions to optimize treatment as usual for adolescents with overweight and obesity. The aims of t...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
This study was an investigation of the impact of gender on cardiovascular risk profile and secondary prevention measures for coronary artery disease (CAD) in the Turkish population. METHODS: Statistical analyses were based on the European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention through Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE)-IV cross-sectional survey data obtained from 17 centers in Turkey. Male and female patients, aged 18 to 80 years, who were hospitalized for a first or recurrent coronary event (coronary artery bypass graft, percutaneous coronary intervention, acute myocardial infarction, or acute myocardial ...
Source: Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars Source Type: research
For many, the phrase physical activity conjures sweaty runs or power-lifting sessions at the gym. But the latest federal guidelines support a much broader — and ultimately less intimidating — definition of what it means to be active: one that includes less obvious pursuits like taking the stairs, raking leaves and even bird-watching. This subtle shift in messaging may help Americans prevent chronic disease, improve their mental health and even live longer, experts say. The new federal physical-activity guidelines were updated in November for the first time since 2008, and they still urge adults to do 75 minutes...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Exercise/Fitness healthytime Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Being underweight is associated with a definite increase in the risk of suicidal behaviour, particularly death by suicide. Residual confounding cannot be excluded for the small and inconsistent decreased risk of suicidal behaviour associated with being overweight or obese. PMID: 30488817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term associations of childhood ADHD with adverse physical health and socioeconomic outcomes underscore the need for early intervention. Young adult ADHD showed stronger associations with poorer mental health, substance misuse and psychosocial outcomes, emphasising the importance of identifying and treating adults with ADHD. The Study in Context: Neurofeedback or medication to treat ADHD? What are cognitive abilities and how to boost them? Rates of ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment continue to increase substantially
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness ADHD symptopms attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Genetics mental health problems psychiatry Source Type: blogs
The effect of a very low calorie diet on subjective depressive symptoms and anxiety: meta-analysis and systematic review, Published online: 23 November 2018; doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0245-4The effect of a very low calorie diet on subjective depressive symptoms and anxiety: meta-analysis and systematic review
Source: International Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
We examined whether ratings of perceived breathlessness (RPB) during exercise were associated with ratings of unpleasantness and negative emotions (depression, anxiety, frustration, anger, and fear) in obese women.MethodsSeventy-four women (34 ± 7 yrs, 36 ± 4 kg/m2, 46 ± 5% body fat) performed 6 minutes of constant-load cycling (60 W); RPB (0-10 scale), and unpleasantness and negative emotions (visual analog scales, 10 cm) were assessed at the end.ResultsRPB were significantly correlated with unpleasantness and negative emotions (p 
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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