What is the Prevalence of Somnambulism?

Discussion Sleep disorders are common in all ages particularly sleep deprivation in our increasingly busy world. A review of health problems caused by inadequate sleep can be found here. Sleep problems are more common in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, headache and visual impairments. Sleep problems can cause cognitive and behavioral impairments including emotional regulation problems, increased seizures or headaches, and impaired attention and has been known to prolong recovery from various acquired brain injuries. Somnambulism or sleepwalking is a parasomnia (which include confusional arousals, sleep terrors, nightmares, sleep paralysis, restless legs, etc.). It is a non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep arousal disorder that occurs during slow wave sleep. Slow wave sleep predominates in the early part of sleeping (usually within 1-3 hours) and children have more slow wave sleep than adults which may be part of the reason it is seen more often in children. Patients with one parasomnia are at increased risk for others. The episodes can last from a few minutes to up to 30-40 minutes and the patient has amnesia for the event. Patients have ambulation or other complex behaviors after getting out of bed and appear confused/dazed (occasionally have agitation), might talk, mumble or give inappropriate answers, and eyes are open. They may have behaviors that are inappropriate such as urinating in the wrong place. It is very uncommon for people t...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, strain effects of a side ring on the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions were investigated. It was important to find a reactant with a ring closed at the structure of the selected dipolarophile. To this aim, the ring-closed structure, ethinamate (E1), medicine for insomnia, and its analogous compounds (E2-E4) selected as dipolarophile for 1,3-DC reaction with azide derivatives (a, b and c) as 1,3-dipoles to achieve the 1,2,3-triazole products. For each set of reactions was employed DFT method to determine the critical structures (reactants, transition states and products) energy pathways and results analyzed...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Ryan N. Serio, Lorraine J. GudasAbstractEthanol (EtOH) is a recreationally ingested compound that is both teratogenic and carcinogenic in humans. Because of its abundant consumption worldwide and the vital role of stem cells in the formation of birth defects and cancers, delineating the effects of EtOH on stem cell function is currently an active and urgent pursuit of scientific investigation to explicate some of the mechanisms contributing to EtOH toxicity. Stem cells represent a primordial, undifferentiated phase of devel...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Thermochimica ActaAuthor(s): Vargas H. María Ángeles, Belkis Sulbarán-Rangel, Humberto Vázquez-TorresAbstractThe non-isothermal curing kinetics of furfuryl alcohol (FA) with p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TSA-2 wt%), two graphene oxides with different content of oxygen and a high thermally reduced graphene oxide at different concentrations (2, 4, 6 wt%) were studied by DSC using four heating rates (5, 7.5, 10 and 15 K min-1). The graphene particles were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, 13C solid...
Source: Thermochimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2019Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Nana Zhang, Shoujuan Wang, Magdi E. Gibril, Fangong KongAbstractApplication of the lignin-based monomer in polymers synthesis will reducing the use of petrochemical-based monomers, enhance the polymer/copolymers properties, and disposing lignin in a profitable way. Accordingly, in this work, the lignin-vinyl acetate monomer (LVAc) and its copolymers were synthesized successfully. To obtain the LVAc, firstly, lignin was activated with the amine using diethylenetriamine (DETA) and then followed by the grafting with chlorovinyl aceta...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study advances the application of this oxidation system.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
In this study, we introduce a novel approach with high digestion efficiency that involves using Fenton’s reagent and nitric acid to remove feces solids. Firstly, Fenton’s reagent was used to degrade small solids and decompose large solids into small pieces. Secondly, nitric acid was used to digest the remaining solids and filters. Furthermore, absolute ethyl alcohol was used to remove the mineral residues wrapped on the plastic surfaces and disperse MPs. By using this method, 97.78 % MPs can be recovered from human and chicken feces, and no significant changes were observed in the physical and Raman spectral pr...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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Source: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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