Salmonella Smacks; Build a Better Flu Vax; No Polio in Venezuela

(MedPage Today) -- News and commentary from the world of infectious diseases
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - Category: American Health Source Type: news

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DISCUSSION: Contrary to our hypothesis, our evidence suggests Twitter content differs significantly from English mass media content. Evidence from our study helps inform media monitoring and communications surveillance during global public health crises, such as infectious disease outbreaks, as well as reactions to health promotion campaigns. PMID: 31314733 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
AWEIL, South Sudan – Arek Chuor, 32, expects to deliver her seventh child in September. It will be her last, she insists.A childhood polio infection has left her with impaired mobility, including a permanent limp. The challenges are only growing as she works for a living and cares for her six children, she said.  Yet she remains apprehensive about family planning – largely because of contraception myths and misconceptions. Women in her community have told her, without evidence, that oral contraceptive pills will worsen her polio symptoms. 
Source: UNFPA News - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS This work calls for continuous surveillance for the emergence of antibiotic resistance and new clones in a geographical area.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
This study provides comprehensive evidence on using Bigelow model to predict the real-time microbial reduction of bacteria in a RF process.
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
AbstractBiomarkers classically studied in Alzheimer ’s disease have been analyzed in numerous central nervous system infections in adults, but there are scarce data on these biomarkers in children. Enteroviruses appear to be the most common cause of aseptic meningitis throughout the world. The aim of the study was to investigate neuroinflammatory p roperties of non-polio enteroviruses by measuring CSF concentrations of biomarkers that are involved in neuropathological pathways of neurodegenerative disorders. We measured Aβ42, t-tau, and S100B concentrations in 42 children with enteroviral meningitis (EM) compare...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Discussion Vaccination has reduced infectious disease morbidity and mortality since its introduction. Vaccines can be given intramuscularly, subcutaneously or orally. Oral virus vaccines currently used in the US include rotavirus, cholera, typhoid and adenovirus. Adenovirus vaccine is used in military personnel. As these are attenuated viruses there is concern for household contacts who are immunocompromised who may inadvertently be exposed to the virus through fecal shedding. Additionally, there is a concern that the attenuated virus may mutate and revert back to its wild-form and potentially cause disease. Injectable po...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Abstract Acute gastroenteritis (GE) has a major impact on morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet comprehensive data regarding infectious agents including enteroviruses are scarce. We hypothesized that enteroviruses constitute a significant cause of acute GE. We analyzed 677 stool samples from 504 patients, which had been submitted for suspected infectious GE. 0.2 ml of stool suspension was extracted using the Abbott m2000 sp robot and analysed by multiplex nucleic acid testing (NAT) using the Luminex xTAG gastrointestinal pathogen panel (GPP) as well as by specific NATs detecting enteroviruses and polioviruse...
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
I heard from a public health colleague this week, whose work and time are partly funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, that the CDC did not want to be acknowledged as a funding source in a research paper addressing gun violence. Apparently, CDC scientists have marching orders to be more concerned about unflattering facts about gun violence, than about gun violence itself. That’s ideology 1, epidemiology 0.The score does not improve after that. In high-profile media coverage you have likely seen, we learned that the Trump Administration had, in an early indication of its ominous prio...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Updated Date: Oct 23, 2015 EST
Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates for the last seven days (since May 20, 2007 EST) - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: alerts
Abstract While the majority of human pathogens infect the body through mucosal sites, most licensed vaccines are injectable. In fact the only mucosal vaccine that has been widely used globally for infant and childhood vaccination programs is the oral polio vaccine (OPV) developed by Albert Sabin in the 1950s. While oral vaccines against Cholera, rotavirus and Salmonella typhi have also been licensed, the development of additional non-living oral vaccines against these and other enteric pathogens has been slow and challenging. Mucosal vaccines can elicit protective immunity at the gut mucosa, in part via antigen-sp...
Source: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Adv Drug Deliv Rev Source Type: research
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