Serological survey of influenza A viruses in domestic and wild Suidae in Corsica (France), a Mediterranean island environment

Publication date: Available online 19 June 2018 Source:Preventive Veterinary Medicine Author(s): Sébastien Grech-Angelini, Séverine Hervé, Nicolas Rose, Nicolas Barbier, François Casabianca, Oscar Maestrini, Alessandra Falchi, Gaëlle Simon Corsica is a mountainous French island in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. It is a rural area, where pig farming is a major economic activity. Although no acute respiratory outbreaks due to swine influenza A viruses (swIAVs) have ever been reported in this free-ranging pig breeding system, influenza A viruses (IAVs) could be circulating within this pig population. A serological study was conducted as a first approach to domestic pigs and wild boars. Serum samples from 543 pigs raised on 91 different farms were collected during the 2013-2014 slaughtering season, and 279 sera from wild boars were obtained over four hunting seasons (between 2009 and 2014). They were first analysed by ELISA and then IAV positive and doubtful sera were subjected to haemagglutination inhibition tests using antigens representative of the four major enzootic swIAV lineages in Europe, i.e. avian-like swine H1N1 (H1avN1), pandemic-like swine H1N1 (H1N1pdm), H1N2 and H3N2. According to the ELISA results, 26.4% (CI95%: 17.7–36.7%) of herds had at least one positive animal (positive or doubtful by ELISA) and 12.4% (CI95%: 7.8–19.8%) of the pigs tested positive. Using the test characteristics (sensitivity and specificity)...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)Author(s): M. López-Gobernado, D. Villalba Gil, A. Pérez-Rubio, J.M. Eiros
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Journal of Neurolinguistics, Volume 52Author(s): Noelia Do Carmo-Blanco, Michel Hoen, Stéphane Pota, Elsa Spinelli, Fanny MeunierAbstractNative listeners process and understand homophones, such as la locution ‘the phrase’ vs. l'allocution ‘the speech’, both [lalɔkysjɔ̃], without much semantical ambiguity in connected speech. Yet, behavioral experiments show that disambiguation is partial under intra-speaker variability without semantical context. To investigate electrophysiological correlates of perception of non-contrastive subphonemic features in Fr...
Source: Journal of Neurolinguistics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOn average, reimbursements for administering vaccines to privately insured adults were adequate for most private practices. However, providers’ financial concerns may vary across geographic locations.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): Philippe Marque, Angelique Denis, David Gasq, Emmanuelle Chaleat-Valayer, Alain Yelnik, Cyrille Colin, Botuloscope Group, Dominic PérennouAbstractBackgroundBotuloscope is a cohort study supported by a French public grant and aiming to evaluate a 1-year treatment of the post-stroke spastic upper limb with botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) in terms of individual satisfaction with respect to personalized goals and quality of life.MethodsThis was an open-label prospective, multicentric study (11 French centres) ...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Authors: Allali R, Reyre A, Baubet T PMID: 31230759 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Conditions:   Intra Abdominal Infections;   Candidiasis, Invasive;   Peritoneal Candidiasis;   Critically Ill Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: 1.3 BETA D GLUCAN Sponsor:   Central Hospital, Nancy, France Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: 1 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 157Author(s): Sébastien Grech-Angelini, Séverine Hervé, Nicolas Rose, Nicolas Barbier, François Casabianca, Oscar Maestrini, Alessandra Falchi, Gaëlle SimonAbstractCorsica is a mountainous French island in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. It is a rural area, where pig farming is a major economic activity. Although no acute respiratory outbreaks due to swine influenza A viruses (swIAVs) have ever been reported in this free-ranging pig breeding system, influenza A viruses (IAVs) could be circulating within th...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 September 2016 Source:Veterinary Microbiology Author(s): Maria Serena Beato, Luca Tassoni, Adelaide Milani, Annalisa Salviato, Guido Di Martino, Monica Mion, Lebana Bonfanti, Isabella Monne, Simon James Watson, Alice Fusaro In August 2012 repeated respiratory outbreaks caused by swine influenza A virus (swIAV) were registered for a whole year in a breeding farm in northeast Italy that supplied piglets for fattening. The virus, initially characterized in the farm, was a reassortant Eurasian avian-like H1N1 (H1avN1) genotype, containing a haemagglutinin segment derived from the pandemic ...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Discussion Through new surveillance efforts and phylogenetic analysis of IAV-S in Mexico and Chile, we have expanded our understanding of the extensive IAV-S diversity that circulates in swine in Latin America. Most notably, we have identified multiple novel clades of H3N2 and H1N1 viruses of human origin in Mexico and Chile that have not been identified in swine previously, highlighting the importance of the human-swine interface in the evolution of IAV-S diversity in Latin America. The presence of two different IAV-S lineages in Mexico that are related to North American IAV-S (classical H1N1 and H3-cluster IV) also demon...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
The objectives of this study were to describe the control measures implemented since October 2013 in response to this outbreak and to compare virus occurrence in piglets ‒ the subpopulation likely responsible for viral maintenance within the herd5,6 ‒ using a pre-post intervention study design. Additionally, the pattern of maternally-derived immunity in piglets sourced from the affected herd was assessed. Methods Study farm The study farm consisted of an intensive, closed-cycle swine breeding farm housing approximately 1,100 sows/gilts and 23,000 piglets located in North-East Italy. This farm supplies ~90 day-old pi...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
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